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Issues in Supervision
Transcript of Issues in Supervision
Legal aspects of Supervisions
-Three legal considerations
-Supervisors carry responsibility for maintaining a professional relationship
-supervisors have a legal and ethical obligation to respect the confidentiality of client communications
-supervisors ultimately bear legal responsibility for the welfare of those clients who are counseled by their trainees.
Multicultural Issues in Supervision
Attention to diversity issues in the supervision process is critically important
Effective supervisors are aware of their impact on the attitudes and beliefs of supervises; they use the supervisory relationship to promote attention to, and respect for, the range of diversity of those they serve
Supervisors strive to increase their supervises’ awareness of how diversity is a factor with all their clients; diversity concerns become a major focus of discussion in the supervision sessions
Corey, G., & Herlihy, B. (1997). Boundary Issues in Counseling: Multiple Roles and Responsibilities. Retrieved from http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/detailmini.jsp?_nfpb=true&_&ERICExtSearch_SearchValue_0=ED408531&ERICExtSearch_SearchType_0=no&accno=ED408531#
Style of supervision
Roles and responsibilities
- Supervisors roles and responsibilities
-Supervisors responsibilities to the supervisees and their clients
Spiritual issues in supervision
Spirituality is an important factor to be explored and not ignored in supervision.
Supervisors must be open and willing to address spiritual issues when they are of significance to the supervises or his/her clients.
Delaney,Miller, and Bisono's (2007) survey concluded that religion and spirituality are central in understanding and treating clients from diverse culture populations.
Risk Management Practices for Supervisors:
Don't supervise beyond your comptence
Evaluate and monitor supervisees’ competence.
Be available for supervision consistently.
Formulate a sound supervision contract.
Maintain written policies.Maintain written policies.
Document all supervisory activities.
Consult with appropriate professionals.
Maintain a working knowledge of ethics codes, legal statutes, and licensing
Use multiple methods of supervision.
Have a feedback and evaluation plan.
Verify that your professional liability insurance covers you for supervision.
Evaluate and screen all clients under your supervises’s care.
Establish a policy for ensuring confidentiality
Incorporate informed consent in practice.
Racial and Ethnic Issues
There is a price to pay for ignoring racial and ethnic factors in supervision.
If trainees do not understand the cultural context in which their clients live, Priest believes the chances are increased that trainees’ behavior will result in clients’ prematurely terminating counseling.
When supervisors are working with trainees from a different ethnic or cultural background, Allen (2007) believes it is particularly important that supervisors acquire knowledge and skills in culturally congruent methods and styles of supervision.
Toward effective multicultural supervision.
-Constantine (1997) proposes a framework to facilitate learning multicultural competencies in supervision relationships
-Constantine’s framework, supervisors and supervises discuss their responses to this series of questions
What are the main demographic variables that make up my cultural identity?
What worldviews—assumptions and values—do I bring to the supervision relationship based on my cultural identity?
What value systems are inherent in my approach to supervision? What culturally influenced strategies and techniques do I use in supervision?
What knowledge and skills do I possess about the worldviews of supervisors (Supervises) who have different cultural identities from me?
What are some of the issues and challenges I face in working with
Supervisors (supervisees) who are culturally different from me? How do I address these issues?
In what ways would I like to improve my abilities in working with culturally diverse supervisors (supervisees)?
Avoiding Ethical Issues in the Supervisory Process
The supervisee should not be asked to engage in any social interaction that would compromise the professional nature of the supervisory relationship.
The supervisor must have the education and training to adequately carry out their roles.
Discuss multiple decisions, rather then making unilateral decisions about the needs of the trainee.
The supervisors should provide the supervises information regrading expectation, goals, and roles of the supervisory process.
Multiple Roles and Relationships in the supervisory process
Provide training and supervised experiences that will enable supervises to deliver ethical and effective services.
Must be competent both in the practice of supervision and being supervised on counseling.
Multiple Roles and Relationships in the supervisory process continued
Clinical Supervisors operate in multiple roles as a teacher, mentor, consultant,counselor, sounding board, adviser, administrator, evaluator, and recorder and documenter.
Risk Management Practices for Supervisors cont...