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Copy of Salon Ecology

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Cassondra Gray

on 4 May 2011

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Transcript of Copy of Salon Ecology

Salon Ecology First Aid Infection Control Bleeding and Wounds
Eye Injury Sanitization
Infection Control Guidelines By: Cassondra Gray •First aid is the provision of initial care for an illness or injury. It is usually performed by a lay person to a sick or injured casualty until definitive medical treatment can be accessed The study of small
organisms Bacteria
Growth Of Bacteria
External Parasites
Immunity Bacteria Non Pathogenic- Do not produce disease. Pathogenic- Disease- producing bacteria
live in the environment and even in your
Can easily be spread in the salon by
unsanitary styling agents, or dirty hands
and fingernails live on dead matter 70% are
non pathogenic, many live
on skin. Cocci- round shaped cells,
singularly or in groups Staphylococci- Pus forming bacteria cells that form grape like bunches or clusters, are present in boils Streptocci- Pus forming bacterial cells that form in long chains Diplococci- Bacterial cells that grows in pairs
the cause of certain infections Bacilli- bar or rod-shaped cells that
produce a variety of diseases Spirilla-spiraled, coiled corkscrew cells
that cause highly contagious diseases Growth of Bacteria Active Stage- Bacteria reproduce and grow rapidly. It takes place in dark, damp, or dirty areas where food is available
Mitosis-Bacteria absorbs food, each cell grows in size and divides creating two new cells. Inactive Stage- cells are not always active, when conditions are unfavorable , cells die or become inactive. Movement of Bacteria- They are so tiny which
makes it easy for them to travel from place to
place through air and water. Bacili and Spirila
can move by themselves by using hair like projections. Viruses much smaller than bacteria they
are sub-microscopic. They cause
familiar diseases like the common
cold Human Hepatidis B- Highly infectious disease that infects the liver. Nurses, Doctors, Teachers, and Cosmetologists are asked to take precautions against HBV Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome- Disease caused by HIV. HIV interferes with the body's natural immune system and causes the immune system to break down. Its spread when body fluids from and infected individual are absorbed into the blood stream if an uninfected individual Microbiology Inactive stage- bacteria are not always active. When cells are unactive, the cells die or become inactive By: Cassondra Gray External Parasites Organisms that live on or about nutrients from other organisms. Head Lice- trasmitted directly
from one person to another. Infection Occurs when disease- causing bacteria or viruses enter the body and multiply to the point of interfering with the body's normal state Common means of spreading infection in a salon;
open sores
unclean hands and implements
coughing and sneezing
common use of drinking cups and towels
Use of same implements of infection areas and non-infected areas
unsanitary salon conditions Can be controlled by
personal hygeine
public awareness
practicing infection control procedures in a salon Local Infection- Located in a small confined area
Pus filled boil, pimple or inflamed area. A general infection- occurs when the circulatory system carries bacteria and their toxins to all parts on the body. Immunity Abililty of the body to
destroy infections agents
that enter the body Open sores
Unclean hands and implements
coughing and sneezing
common use of drinking cups and towels
use of same implements or infected areas and non infected areas
unsanitary salon conditions take universal precautions, People can
carry disease-producing bacteria or
viruses with no symptoms. Term used to describe efforts to prevent the spread of disease and kill certain or all microbes. Sanitation Means to remove dirt
to aid in preventing the
growth of microbes Clean and reduce microbes on the
surface but do not kill them antiseptic- product that can be applied to the skin to reduce microbes. 1. Provide well- lit work areas
2. Provide hot and cold running water
3.Sanatize shampoo bowls before and after each use
4.Clean and remove hair and debris from all implements before disinfecting
5. Wash your hands with liquid soap and water immediately before serving each client.
6. Remove all hair after each service Natural immunity- inherited natural disease, from white blood cells that fight off microbes. The epidermis also protects the body from microbes. Passive immunity is developed through injection
of antigens, which stimulate the bodies immune
system. 1. Place a clean cloth or gauze and gloved hand over wound. Apply steady firm pressure for 5 minuites
2. Call 9-1-1 or other personnel if bleeding is severe
3. Elevate an injured arm or leg above the level of victim's heart if practical
4. When bleeding stops, secure the cloth with a bandage
5. Never use tournaquit unless you can control bleeding
6. Have emergency personal check the victim for shock if necessary
Burns Chemical
1. Rinse away all traces of chemicals while removing contaminated clothing
2. Cover burn loosley with a clean, dry cloth
3. Refer person to medical attention if necessary Heat/ Electrical
1.If skin is not broken, immerse skin in cool water or apply cool compress until pain is relieved. Bandage wuth clean, dry cloth
2. Do not break a blister if formed. Do not apply ointments or creams
3. If skin is broken or burns are severe
Call 9-1-1
Do not clean the wound or remove embedded clothing
cover burn loosely with clean, dry cloth Choking 1. Determine if victim can speek or cough forcibly and is getting sufficient air.
2. Stand behind victim and wrap arms around his/ her stomach
4. Make thumbless fist with one hand place it just above the navel and well below ribs, with the thumb and forfinger toward victim
4. Perform an upward thurst by grasping fist with other hand and pulling it quickly roward ou in and inward and slightly upward movent Fainting 1. Lay victim down on his/ her back and make sure he/she has plenty of fresh air
2. Reassure the victim and apply a cold compress to his/her face
3. If the victim vomits, roll him/her on his/her side and keep windpipe clear Eye Injury Chemical
1. Hold eyelids apart and flush eye with lukewarm water for 15-30 minuites.
2. Place gauze pad or cloth over both eyes and secure with bandage
3. Get to and eye specialist or emergency room immedietly Cut Scratch or embedded object
1. place gauze pad or cloth over both eyes and secure with bandage
2. Do not try to remove an embedded object
3. Get to an eye specialist or emergency room immediately The basics of Hand washing
1. Moisten hands with antibacterial soap.
2. Spend 15-20 seconds working up a good lather
3. Rinse hands well in warm water
4. dry hands well to remove any remaining microorganisms.
Ventilation Disinfection Chemical products used to destory or kill bacteria and some viruses. OSHA MSDS EPA Broad spectrum disinfectants, hospital grade or hosiptal level disinfectants are a group of disinfectants that kill bacteria, viruses, fungi, and pseudomonas Chemical Disenfectants liquid
powder Brush or Comb Disenfection Procedure
1. Remove all hair from brush/ comb
2. Wash brush or comb thoroughly with soap and water
3. Rinse the brush or comb thoroughly and pat dry
4. Immerse the brush/ comb completely in disinfecting solution
5. Remove brush/ comb with forcepts, tongs, or gloved hands
6. Store in a disinfected, dry, covered container or cabinet Disinfection Guidelines and Procedures
Disinfect combs/ brushes after each use
Change disinfectant solutions in disinfectant containers regularly
Disinfect unplugged electical appliances with a regulatory agency- approved solution Disinfection Precautions
Tightly cover and label all containers; store in a cool, dry area
Avoid inhaling or spilling chemical solutions; avoid contact with eyes
Refer to Material Safety Data Sheet for proper handling if spills occur and for procedures if contact with eyes and skin occurs Blood Spill Procedure
1. Stop the service; wash your hands; cover your hands with protective gloves
2.Apply antiseptic and/ or liquid spray styptic product to injured party
3. Dress or cover injury with appropriate dressing
4. Cover injured area with finger guard or glove as appropriate
5. Clean and disinfect implements and work station with a broad spectrum disinfectant
6. Double- bag all blood- soiled articles and label the bag as hazardous waste
7. Return to client and continue service Sterilization Infection Control Guidelines
Item Level of Infection Control Prodecure
Tools and implements Use a liquid sterilant and or
that are used to dry heat, calibrated to various
puncture or invade the temperatures to produce a
skin microbe- free result on non-
pourous substances
Disinfection Kills certain bacteria
tools and implements Use antibacterial, EPA-
that have come in registered disinfectant effective
contact with blood against HIV and human hepatitis
or body fluids B

Tools and implements Use broad-specturm, EPA- registered
that have not bactericidal, virucidal, fungicidal,
come in contact with pseudomonacidal disinfectant
blood or body fluids
Sanitation removes dirt
Countertops Use EPA- registered cleaning product

your hands before Use liquid soap. Avoid bar soap
each service

your hands and clients Use antiseptic designed for hands and/
hands and/or feet prior feet
to manicuring or
predicuring service
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