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What is the Effect of the Great Dividing Range in Australia?

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by

Georgina Hancock

on 12 February 2014

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Transcript of What is the Effect of the Great Dividing Range in Australia?

Obviously, many more people live on the East Coast than anywhere else in Australia. This is because of the milder climate, increased water resources and more established infrastructure. From the time that the First Fleet arrived, people have migrated to the East Coast and so the cities and towns there are much more established than other parts of Australia that have only been colonised recently.
How does this affect Australia?
The Great Dividing Range, or Eastern Highlands, is a large mountain range located on the East Coast of Australia. It is the third longest land-based range in the world, consisting of relatively small mountains and plateaus. Several of Australia's largest rivers stem from these mountains.
What is it?
The GDR affects the weather and overall climate on the East Coast as air travels over its mountains and cools. This occurs when warm moist winds blow from the south east to west, cooling into clouds as they pass over the mountains. This in turn creates rain and fertilises the plants of the area, meaning that the East Coast has a much milder and more tropical climate than anywhere else in Australia.
Effect on Weather
There is a good reason that many people in Australia live on the East Coast - The Great Dividing Range. These mountains provide a more sheltered and temperate climate than the dry, arid deserts of central Australia, and thus almost 85% of Australians live within 50 kilometres of the coast.
Introduction
What is the Effect of the Great Dividing Range in Australia?
Full transcript