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Scientific Revolution

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by

Laura Waters

on 23 October 2012

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Transcript of Scientific Revolution

Scientific Revolution Setting the Stage New tools developed to make the necessary observations:
microscope-Zacharias Janssen
Anton van Leeuwenhoek observed bacteria on tooth scrapings and red blood cells.
Evangelista Torricelli-first mercury barometer
Gabriel Fahrenheit- first thermometer to use mercury in glass
Andres Celsius created another scale showing freezing at 0. Results Began during the Reformation
Before 1500, scholars generally decided what was true or false by referring to an ancient Greek or Roman author or the Bible.
Scientific Revolution Mid-1500s scholars started publishing things that did not match the thinking of the Church and old thinkers.
This launched the Scientific Revolution, or new way of thinking about the natural world.
promoted observation and questioning
Exploration and the printing press encouraged the Revolution First challenge One of the first challenges was the view of the universe.
Nicolaus Copernicus proposed it was heliocentric.
Tycho Brahe recorded movements of planets and gathered data
Johannes Kepler continued Brahe's work and discovered the planets moved in elliptical orbits
Galilei built a telescope and observed the heavens. Scientific Method It is a logical procedure for gathering and testing ideas.
Francis Bacon wanted people to experiment and make their own conclusions, empiricism.
Rene Descartes believed everything should be proven by reason. "I think therefore I am." Advances Andreas Vesalius dissected human corpses, proving Galen wrong.
Edward Jenner invents first smallpox vaccine
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