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Transcript of Sepak takraw
Sepaktakraw or kick volleyball, is a sport native to the Malay Peninsula. Sepaktakraw differs from the similar sport of volleyball in its use of a rattan ball and only allowing players to use their feet, knee, chest and head to touch the ball. It is a popular sport in Southeast Asia.
Earliest historical evidence shows the game was played in the 15th century's Malacca Sultanate, for it is mentioned in the Malay historical text, "Sejarah Melayu" (Malay Annals). The Malay Annals described in details the incident of Raja Muhammad, a son of Sultan Mansur Shah who was accidentally hit with a rattan ball by Tun Besar, a son of Tun Perak, in a Sepak raga game. The ball hit Raja Muhammad's headgear and knocked it down to the ground. In anger, Raja Muhammad immediately stabbed and killed Tun Besar, whereupon some of Tun Besar's kinsmen retaliated and wanted to kill Raja Muhammad. However, Tun Perak managed to restrain them from such an act of treason by saying that he would no longer accept Raja Muhammad as the Sultan's heir. As a result of this incident, Sultan Mansur Shah ordered his son out of Malacca and had him installed as the ruler of Pahang.
International play is now governed by ISTAF, the International Sepak Takraw Federation. Major competitions for the sport such as the ISTAF SuperSeries, the ISTAF World Cup and the King's Cup World Championships are held every year.
Sepak takraw is now a regular sport event in the Asian Games and the Southeast Asian Games.
The game came to life:
- Canada (1970)
- Japan (1990)
- United States (1986)
Takraw is the Thai word for the hand-woven rattan ball originally used in the game. So the game is essentially "kick ball".
The sepak takraw sport is played on a similar to badminton double sized court.
The net shall be made of fine ordinary cord or nylon with 6 cm to 8 cm mesh. Similar to a volleyball net.
The sepak takraw ball shall be spherical in shape, made of synthetic fiber or one woven layer.
A match is played by two teams, also known as 'regus', each consisting of three players.
An official match is won by best of five sets, win 3 sets of 5.
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Rules and regulations
"Sepak" is the Malay word for kick and "takraw" is the Thai word for a woven ball, therefore sepak takraw quite literally means to kick ball. The choosing of this name for the sport was essentially a compromise between Malaysia and Thailand, the two powerhouse countries of the sport.
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Sepak takraw balls without synthetic rubber covering must have 12 holes and 20 intersections, must have a circumference measuring not less from 42–44 cm (17–17 in) for men and from 43–45 cm (17–18 in) for women, and must have a weight that ranges from 170–180 g (6.0–6.3 oz) for men and from 150–160 g (5.3–5.6 oz) for women.
The ball can be in plain single colour, multi-colour, and luminous colours, but not in any colour that will impair the performance of the players.
International Sepak Takraw Federation World Cup
The first ever ISTAF World Cup is held in Malaysia during July 2011. The winner for the 1st ISTAF World Cup (Men) is Thailand and the runner-up is Malaysia. The winner for the 1st ISTAF World Cup (Women) is Thailand and the runner-up is Vietnam.
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