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Thorndike's S-R Theory

Group 2 - Facilitating Learning

Stephanie Fua

on 27 November 2012

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Transcript of Thorndike's S-R Theory

Connectionism Thorndike's S-R Theory Edward Thorndike Thorndike was one of the first pioneers of active learning, a theory that proposes letting children learn themselves, rather than receiving instruction from teachers. Edward Thorndike Thorndike's early studies with animal behavior led him to declare his Law of Effect which states that if an act is followed by a satisfying change in the environment, the likelihood that the act will be repeated in similar situations increases. 3 Laws of Learning – The Law of Readiness
- The Law of Exercise
- The Law of Effect Law of Disuse The Law of Readiness – this law is related to maturation - this states that when an organism is ready to form connections to do so is satisfying and not to do so is annoying. - Thorndike believed that readiness is an important condition of learning, because satisfaction or frustration depends on individual's state of readiness. The Law or Exercise - states that any connection is strengthened in proportion to the number of times it occurs and in proportion to the average vigor and duration of the connection. - is made up of two parts:
the Law of Use
the Law of Disuse The Law of Use - this asserts that, other things being equal, the more frequently a modifiable connection between a situation and response is used, the stronger is that connection. - this asserts that, other things being equal, when a modifiable connection between a situation and response is not used over a period of time, the strength of that connection is weakened.
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