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All about the Vikings

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by

Zaheen Araf

on 3 September 2013

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Transcript of All about the Vikings

Who are they and where do they come from?
The Vikings were seafaring north Germanic people who raided, traded, explored, and settled in wide areas of Europe, Asia, and the North Atlantic islands from the late 8th to the mid-11th centuries. They are from what we know today as Sweden, Norway, Denmark. Mountains, thick forests and steep icy fjord would often separate their many little communities. The vikings were some fierce creatures but they did where protection during their battle. They wore clothes made from coarse cloth made from wool. Women, with the help of children, made the wool into yarn and used natural from plants to give the yarn some colour.
Techniques they used
Viking ferocity and the terrible ways in which they killed people has fascinated people throughout the ages, no more so than the so-called 'blood eagle' or carving of an eagle on a victim’s back. Then there is the butterfly cut where Vikings cut through the victims body then takes their lungs and brings them to the back of their body and takes them out. Which makes it look like butterfly wings, hence the name 'butterfly cut'.
Location 2
Weapons
The Vikings fought with swords, axes, spears and bows and arrows. Viking warriors wore fighting helmets made from leather or iron. It is often thought that Viking helmets had two horns on the top however the helmet used for raids and in battle did not have horns. Horned helmets were only used in religious ceremonies and for display. Viking swords were made of iron with steel edges. The sword was double-edged and relatively lightweight and measured about 90cm in length. The sword handles were often decorated with silver and gold. The Vikings gave names to their swords such as Head-Biter or Hole-Maker. The Vikings used bows and arrows for hunting and also for battle. Bows and arrows allowed the Vikings to attack the enemy from a distance. In large battles, the Viking bowmen stood behind the other warriors and fired their arrows into the enemy by aiming high and letting the arrows fall onto the enemy from above.
Here they come!!
In 793, Vikings invade the English monastery at Lindisfarne, marking the beginning of their 'invasion' campaign. From there the Vikings raided and plundered the whole of Europe, leaving people in shock over the violent outbursts of these huge, big Vikings which had just plundered their homes. Although the Vikings lived in Scandinavia, in the countries of Norway, Sweden and Denmark, and they all spoke nearly the same languages and worshiped the same gods, when they started their exploration, they all went their separate ways. The Swedes went mostly east over the Baltic sea and to Russia, the Norwegians went west to Scotland, Ireland, Iceland and America, and the Danes went to England, Ireland and south towards France and Portugal. The Vikings were feared and hated all over Europe for their violence and for their rawness. Their victims called their ships "the black ships," because when they heard the word Viking the first thing they thought of was plunder and murder.
Here they come!!!
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