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Greek and Roman Sculpture

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by

Beija Moncher

on 16 September 2013

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Transcript of Greek and Roman Sculpture

Why was sculpture significant to the Greeks?
Classical Period: 500-323 b.c.e.
the human body was the muse for art
gods were the focus of sculpture
most sculptures were made of bronze
statues expressed poise, nobility, and calmness; faces of sculptures had blank expressions
most sculptures were of nude males
Sculptures demonstrated realism through body structure such as contrapposto*
Hellenistic Period:
323 BC- 31 BC
Polykleitos
Famous sculptor in classical Greece
Created the style of sculpture that places most of the weight on one foot, called contrapposto, that showed relaxation of the body and demonstrated realism
Famous pieces include: Doryphoros, Discophoros, and Hermes.

Doryphoros &
Discophoros
More Hellenistic Pieces...
Colossus of Rhodes:
used to be one of the wonders of the ancient world
Statue is of Titan Helios
In city of Rhodes
created by Charles of Lindos
symbolizes freedom
fell to an earthquake
Roman Sculpture
used bronze and marble
Influenced heavily by Greek sculpture
Replicated many original greek sculptures
Romans sculpted portraiture
Portraiture
A sculpture of the top half of a person or a bust
used to demonstrate personal political achievements and military triumphs
prominent in Rome and lasted about 500 years
Sources:
http://www.ancientgreece.com/s/History/
www.ancient-greece.org/history/classical.html‎
www.history.com/topics/classical-greece‎
www.ancient-greece.org/history/helleninstic.html‎
www.history.com/topics/hellenistic-greece‎
http://www.ancientgreece.com/s/Sculpture/
hi
Test Questions
What sculpture from ancient Greece resembles the Statue of Libery? Why?
What is the difference between the styles of the Classical and Hellenistic age?
Why was sculpture important to the Greeks?
Nike of Samothrace
Nike was the goddess of victory
Statue was built to celebrate a naval triumph
Statue demonstrates a deeper symbolic meaning than the Classical age sculptures, symbolizes triumph and victory
Nike is standing on a ship while the wind blows back gown, demonstrates the realism incorporated in sculptures
Initially, it was a way to express their faith and loyalty towards their gods
As any art, it was a way to convey an artist's thoughts and emotions
Sculpture was used for decorating of palaces and temples, as monuments, and as propaganda
While Classical sculptures utilized gods and nobility as models, sculptors began to use people in general: lower class, middle class, etc
Displayed emotion and had deeper, philosophical meanings
Laocoon and His Sons
emotionless face
contrapposto
Inspired by a scene in the Aeneid, the book by Virgil
Displays intense emotions and theatricality; a technique that began in the Hellenistic era
Emotions of pain and sorrow
Greek and Roman Sculpture
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