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Age of Reason

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venezia garcia

on 19 December 2014

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Transcript of Age of Reason

Age of Reason
by: Jeffrey William-Mensah, Genesis Lugo,
Venezia Garcia, and Adriana Lopez

Thomas Paine
"As to the Christian system of faith, it appears to me as a species of deism -- a sort of religious denial of God. It professed to believe in man rather than in God. It is as near to deism as twilight to darkness. It introduces between man and his Maker an opaque body, which it calls a Redeemer, as the moon introduces her opaque self between the earth and the sun, and it produces by this means a religious or irreligious eclipse of the light. It has put the whole orbit of reason into shade."

Response of the Founding Fathers
The Founding Fathers were mostly against the pamphlet due to the atheist ideals that weren't acceptable.
Benjamin Franklin's Inspiration
Relationship with Thomas Paine as an adviser.
Response by Benjamin Franklin,"
But think how great a portion of mankind consists of weak and ignorant men and women, and of inexperienced, inconsiderate youth of both sexes, who have need of the motives of religion to restrain them from vice, to support their virtue, and retain them in the practice of it till it becomes habitual.
"
Benjamin Franklin believes religion offers morality control on people.
Then Paine later published Age of Reason.
Conclusion
Religion and law according o Paine should not be intertwined due to God being a much bigger being that we are and mankind can mess with it.
"It is a matter altogether of uncertainty to us whether such of the writings as now appear under the name of the Old and the New Testament, are in the same stage in which these collectors say they found them; or whether they added, altered, abridged, or dressed them up" (Pg.1 2nd paragraph).
Thesis
"It is a matter altogether of uncertainty to us whether such of the writings as now appear under the name of the Old and the New Testament, are in the same stage in which these collectors say they found them; or whether they added, altered, abridged, or dressed them up" (Pg.1 2nd paragraph).
Bible "pretend word of God"
Religions are institutions established for the enslavement of mankind; religion controls the people
He believes people voted which books should be the word of God

Questions?
Do you think this is the thesis?
Questions?
How do you think his life influenced Age of Reason and his ideals?
Thomas Paine: Biography
Response: John Adams & William Paterson
Citations
"Positive Atheism's Big List of Thomas Paine Quotations." Positive Atheism's Big List of Thomas Paine Quotations. Cliff Walker, n.d. Web. 07 Nov. 2014.
Jared Sparks, The Works of Benjamin Franklin, (Boston: Tappan, Whittemore, and Mason, 1840), Vol. X, pp. 281-282.
John Adams, The Works of John Adams, Charles Francis Adams, editor (Boston: Charles Little and James Brown, 1841), Vol. III, p. 421, diary entry for July 26, 1796.
Elias Boudinot, The Age of Revelation (Philadelphia: Asbury Dickins, 1801), pp. xii-xiv, from the prefatory remarks to his daughter, Mrs. Susan V. Bradford
"WallBuilders - Historical Writings - Benjamin Franklin's Letter to Thomas Paine." WallBuilders - Historical Writings - Benjamin Franklin's Letter to Thomas Paine. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2014.
Revelation
Age of Reason
Elias Boudinot, President of Congress, response
"This conclusion, unfounded in truth, seems particularly designed to prepare the way, as an excuse for his ignorance of the Christian system, and to countenance his animadversions on religion, without being at the trouble of investigating its nature and tendency."
What do you think this means?
Read the passage (highlighted parts for more info).

"Revelation is a communication of something, which the person, to whom that thing is revealed, did not know before."

John Adams said that religion and especially Christianity was number one.
"The Christian religion is, above all the religions that ever prevailed or existed in ancient or modern times, the religion of wisdom, virtue, equity and humanity, let the Blackguard [scoundrel, rogue] Paine say what he will.”
How does Edgar Huntly relate to Age of Reason?
On January 29, 1737, Thomas Paine was born in Thetford, England.
He became a journalist when he traveled to Philadelphia in 1776.
By 1793, he was imprisoned in France for not endorsing the execution of Louis XVI. During his imprisonment, he wrote and distributed the first part of what was to become his most famous work at the time, the anti-church text, The Age of Reason.
In Edgar Huntly "At different periods, different systems of opinions, on topics connected with religion and morals.. to deify necessity...destroy popular distinctions between body and soul..and dissolve connection between moral condition of man.. and subsequent to death."
Waldegrave tries to convince Huntly to believe in the same beliefs as him but forcing some to believe something one does not believe in will never succeed.

Citations
The idea one cannot be forced to believe in a belief one does not want to believe in...
"Revelation,therefore,cannot be applied to anything done upon earth of which man is himself the actor or the witness..." Pg.1 Paragraph 7
In Age of Reason " when man has so far corrupted..his mind..when subscribing his beliefs to things he does not believe, he has prepared himself for the commission of every other crime"
Paine explains that giving in to a belief man does not believe in is the worst crime.
"Age of Reason by Thomas Paine." Ushistory.org. Independence Hall Association, n.d. Web. 14 Nov. 2014.

"Positive Atheism's Big List of Thomas Paine Quotations." Positive Atheism's Big List of Thomas Paine Quotations. Ed. Cliff Walker. N.p., 1995-2008. Web. 14 Nov. 2014.

"A Biography of Thomas Paine (1737-1809)." N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Nov. 2014

"Thomas Paine Biography." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 14 Nov. 2014.

"Key Points in Edgar Huntly." Thomaspaineageofreason -. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Nov. 2014.
Why
how could you
filthy athiest
I dont know

HISTORY
Published in 1794
Puritanism swept the American colonies looking for religious freedom; Great Awakening unified colonies.
U.S establishes navy, the Whiskey Rebellion, and Jay's Treaty
British government feared revolutionary ideas, prosecuted any printers or sellers who tried to distribute Paine's book.
Encouraged free thinking
Summary of the Text
Age of Reason, is that the religion is edited and made to control man
"Writings as now appear under the name of the Old and the New Testament, are in the same state in which those collectors say they found them; or whether they added, altered, abridged, or dressed them up. " Pg.1 2nd Paragraph
"Did the book called the Bible excel in purity of ideas and express all the books now extant in the world, I would not take it for my rule of faith as being the word of God..."Pg.5 3rd Paragraph

Continued
" He was not only eager to subvert those opinions which he had contributed to instil into me, but was anxious that the letters and manuscripts which had been employed in their support should be destroyed." (chapter 8)
Waldegrave seemed to be forcing his opinions on Edgar and making Edgar feel uncomfortable.
Why do you think Brown included a relationship problem between Edgar and Waldegrave?
How did Age of Reason influence Constitution?
Separation between Church and State.
America is not a theocracy.
Theocracy: a system of government in which priests rule in the name of God or a god.
"Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise there of" (1st Amendment)
What other influences do you think were in the constitution?
He signed the constitution and also a justice in the supreme court.
" Infatuated Americas, why renounce your country, your religion, and your God?"
Full transcript