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Top Ten Court Cases
Transcript of Top Ten Court Cases
Top Ten Court Cases
Tinker Vs. De Moines Independent School District
Juniors at a high school in Missouri helped write and edit a school newspaper on controversial topics such as divorce and teen pregnancy.
The school principle refused to publish the paper and the girls took it to court.
Hazelwood School District v. Kuhlmeier
Outcome: Schools may censor newspapers and restrict the content.
Two Florida students who were paddled argued that the paddling was "cruel and unusual punishment" and that the students had a right to be heard before physical punishment was given.
Ingaham vs. Wright
The Supreme Court decided that students in public schools could be paddled without a hearing. The court left the question of whether or not to allow this punishment in state and local governments. Some states allow it and others do not.
Santa Fe Independent School District vs. Doe
The Supreme Court ruled that the school district's policy regarding prayer was unconstitutional
A 14-year-old freshmen was found smoking cigarettes in her school's bathroom. The student denied it when accused, and officials searched her purse, finding cigarettes, marijuana, money, and a list of students that owed money to her. She was charged with possession of marijuana.
New Jersey vs. T.L.O.
Court held that the Fourth Amendment applied to searches and seizures held by officials in public schools.
In a 6-3 vote, court made no decision.
A student elected as chaplain delivered prayers over the system before every home varsity football game. A Mormon and Catholic family filed suit on this practice as a violation of the First Amendment.
Kent Vs. United States: 1966
Children were sent home for protesting the Vietnam war. School officials told them to remove the bands but they refused. When they were suspended, their fathers sued.
The Supreme Court ruled that the students had a right to protest the Vietnam War. (First Amendment) This ruling gave the students the right to make symbolic speech.
A 16 year old boy was detained and interrogated by thr police with several incidents involving rape and robbery. The juvenile court waived its jurisdiction with no reason, He was tried as an adult and sentenced him to guilty and sentenced him to serve 30-90 years in prison.
The supreme court
ruled against the boy
and said that a minor
can be tried and
punished as an adult but
the case must be
weighed with a variety
how courts treat juveniles in the legal system, it varies state to state.
The Supreme Court ruled against
Several lower courts have held that student initiated group prayer is protected under the First Amendments IF it is not sponsored by the school.
Veronia School District v. Action ( 1995)
A 7th grader at a school in Oregon wanted to join the school's football team. As a requirement to try out, the school made the students take drug tests. The boys parents were upset by this because there was no evidence that their child was involved with drugs. The school suspended the boy from sports that season. His parents sued the school district.
The Supreme Court ruled
in favor of the school district.
The court has ruled in favor of school policies requiring random drug testing for extracurricular activities.
West Side Community Schools v. Mergens (1990)
A senior in Omaha, Nebraska asked her principle to start an after school Christian club. The principal denied the request due to there being a large number of clubs at the school already. The principal claimed that a religious club would be illegal in a public school.
The Supreme Court ruled in favor of the girl.
Impact: Schools CAN exclude clubs that don't correlate with their academic mission but once a school starts allowing interest clubs then they can not exclude a club
Grutter v. Bollinger (2003)
In 1997, Barbara Grutter, from Michigan, was denied admission to a Law School. Grutter was well over qualified for the school. She sued the school over the schools affirmative action policy.
The Supreme Court upheld the use of affirmative action in higher education.
Affirmative action is still a reoccurring issue. Some say it is the same as reverse discrimination. Some states have even banned it.
DeShaney v. Winnebago County Social Services
A four year old boy lived with his father, who physically abused him. The State Department of Social Services took custody of the boy but returned him after a few days. Later, the boy was hospitalized with brain damage that permanently paralyzed him physically and mentally. His father was sent to prison and the mother sued the Department of Social Services for returning him to his father.
The Court ruled against the boy and his mother. They said that the Constitution does not protect children from their parents and that the government was not at fault in the boy's abuse.
Usually the Court has deferred to state and local governments to enforce these laws and to intervene in cases of abuse