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Job Specialization of Ancient Egypt

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Marcelyn Chen

on 29 October 2013

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Transcript of Job Specialization of Ancient Egypt

Job Specialization of Ancient Egypt
Jobs in Ancient Egypt:
Great Royal Wife:
The wife of Pharaoh in the day of pharaoh’s coronation

Known as the queen, has to be daughter or a sister of a king

Play an important role in Egypt religion, officiating the temple rites as priestess,
Related to the pharaoh, priests, scribes, doctors, lawyers, or important military personnel

Many nobles were overseers of the lands worked by peasants

Hold government posts

. Nobles grew wealthy from donations to the gods

The highest official in Ancient Egypt

Appointed by the pharaoh, most from loyalty or talent

Supervise the running of the country and security of the pharaoh and the palace.

All other lesser supervisors and officials , would report to the vizier
Army Officer

Lead the army to war

Focus on national security

Denfend the country

Priests and Priestess
Busy in temples and conducted religious ceremonies

Held important positions related to religious practices

Rich and powerful and have special privileges

Performed funeral rites, teaching school, supervising the artists and advising people on problems.

Specialised group in society, probably started out as being purely religious practitioners

Royal palace had the title ‘Shepherd of the Royal Anus’

Learn the science of drugs especially botany

Each physician used to treat one disease
General Knowledge:
- There were quite a few job opportunities

-The better the job was, the less people there were.

-Educated people had a better chance at receiving wealth or power.

the “Pyramid of Power”
showed how some jobs are more important than others
There were 16 important jobs in the ancient Egypt...
- Pharaohs were believed to have very strong connections with the gods

- Often chosen because of his successes in the military, or the government ( Sons of previous Pharaohs)

- The political and religious leader of the people
(titles 'Lord of the Two Lands’ and 'High Priest of EveryTemple’.)

- Considered a god on earth, when he died, he was thought to become Osiris,
The first women in Egyptian history who became a Pharaoh is Hatshepsut.

She was the wife of Thutmose II and after he died, she ruled Egypt until her stepson Thutmose III ruled the country.
Court Officer
No professional judges

Control the laws and order of the legal system of ancient Egypt

Balance justice, judgments of right and wrong, give punishments

Solve social problems
Cases were tried before trials
Include scribes and priests appointed for the purpose, with high officials - sometimes one or even both of the viziers presiding
A priest or priestess could not eat fish

Could not wear wool

Bathe three or four times a day in "sacred" purificatory pools

"Oracle" tending priests: to shave off all of their body hair (get rid of lice )
Usually men, who learned to read and write

Had to attend a special school for scribes

Many scribes held positions of government for documentation of legal issues

Some women trained as scribes so that they could read medical texts.

Scribes usually wrote on papyrus with reed brushes dipped in ink.
Were the dancers and acrobats who entertained the rich Egyptians

Had jobs related to dance during religious festivals.

Trained and skilled labourers

Well-respected, had a comfortable lifestyle

Made and sold jewellery, pottery, papyrus products, tools and other articles

Worked on the decoration of the tombs of kings
Foot Soldier
Foot Soldiers
Helping with the harvest (important,fed the entire country. )
Had a hard induction and even harder training,
start until the age of 20

Cultivate the land or livestock.

The god Osiris was the first farmer, the king who taught the people farming techniques and the domestication of animals.

His wife the goddess Isis taught the people how to make beer and bread.
Tomb Builder
If a tomb was completed prior to the death of its royal owner,
the workmen were assigned to work on the tombs of queens and royal children

Also, the tombs of noblemen
Also they build their own tomb.


Servants who undertook important jobs in running wealthy households and palaces

Slaves were also used for this purpose.

What game is this? :)
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