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FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE IN 1984

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ilayda akgul

on 21 February 2017

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Transcript of FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE IN 1984

FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE IN 1984
Nineteen Eighty-Four is a written book in 1949 by George Orwell, that includes insinuated meanings in it. It's an allegorical and political book. The telling takes place in the authors, main characters, own dystopia. In his dystopia, a totalitarian state is manipulating citizens by fear and propaganda. After the book published, he got some feedbacks about he is against to socialism but he opposed to this ideas. He said that, he had written this book to touch the fringes of the confusion about communism
and fascism not to oppose to socialism.


A simile uses the words “like” or “as” to compare one object or idea .
PERSONIFICATION
When something that is not human is given human-like qualities, this is known as personification.
ALLUSION
A brief and indirect reference to a person, place, thing or idea of historical, cultural, literary or political significance.
METAPHOR
The metaphor states a fact or draws a verbal picture by the use of comparison.
HYPERBOLE
Exaggerating, often in a humorous way, to make a particular point.
İLAYDA AKGÜL
- 'In this game we are playing, we can't win. ' (pg135)
Comparing Winston and Julia's actions against to the government as a game.

-He feels ice at his heart. (pg118)

-He experiences a 'pale-colored pleasure' (pg120)

-'The sensation of stepping into the dampness of a grave.' (pg 166)
SIMILE
-'like a crumbling mountain' (pg 76)
Used to describe one of Winston's friends to show how broken he was.'

-'His tiny sister, clinging to her mother with both hands, exactly like a baby monkey.' (pg 162)
Winston compares his little sister to a baby monkey.

-'Her voice seemed to stick into his brain like a jagged splinters of glass' (pg 103)
Is used to show that the woman talking was not someone Winston was particularly
fond of.
- 'If the Party could thrust it's hand into the past and say this or that event, it
never happened
-that surely, was more terrifying than mere torture and death? ' (pg 37)
Big Brother is a personification of the Party.



- 'Three hundred million people all with the same face.' (pg 74)



- The Spies, which in the novel describe an adolescent organization that carries out party policies, presents a major allusion to the historical Hitler Youth. (pg 22)

- 'Later, in the twentieth century, there were the totalitarians, as they were called. There were the German Nazis and the Russian Communists.' (pg 254)

- 'he would tie her naked to a stake and shoot her full of arrows like Saint Sebastian.' (pg 17)

- The Golden Country' is an allusion to the Garden of Eden from the Bible. Winston and Julia would then be Adam and Eve.

- 'A little Rumpelstiltskin figure, contorted with hatred.' (pg 188)
IMAGERY
To represent objects, actions and ideas in such a way that it appeals to our physical senses.
- 'A low ceilinged, crowded room, it's walls grimy from the bodies; battered metal tables and chairs, placed so close together that you sat with elbows touching; bent spoons, dented trays, coarse white mugs; all surfaces greasy, grime in every crack.' (pg 59)

- 'With just a few dabs of color she had become not only very much prettier, but above all, far more feminine. Her short hair and boyish overalls merely added to the effect.' (pg 142)

- 'She was a tall, rather silent woman with slow movements and magnificent fair hair.' (pg 31)

- 'They were very good cigarettes, very thick and well-packed, with an unfamiliar silkness in the paper.' (pg 181)
REPETITION
Repetition is a literary device that repeats the same words or phrases a few times to make an idea clearer.
- 'War is peace. Freedom is slavery. Ignorance is strength.'

- 'Two and two make five.'

- 'Big Brother is watching you.'

- 'Who controls the past controls the future; who controls the present controls the past.'

- 'Under the spreading chestnut tree, I sold you and you sold me: There lie they, and here lie we, under the spreading chestnut tree.' (pg 77)
A repeated song played by the Party.

IRONY
Words are used in such a way that their intended meaning is different from the actual meaning of the words.
- 'One did not know what happened inside the Ministry of Love, but it was possible to guess: torture, drugs, delicate instruments that registered your nervous reactions, gradual wearing down by sleeplessness and solitude and persistent questioning.' (pg 138)
The inner party has managed to turn love into something sinister, although the delicate instruments sound provocative.

- 'They can be granted intellectual liberty because they have no intellect.' (pg 173)
O'Brien speaks of the Proles and the impossibility that they will ever rise up in rebellion, having no capacity for intelligence.
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