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Why Did The French Revolution break out in 1789

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on 13 May 2015

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Transcript of Why Did The French Revolution break out in 1789

All kinds of causes
There were many causes for the french revolution. Some are mentioned down below :
Causes of the French Revolution
1. International: struggle for hegemony and Empire outstrips the fiscal resources of the state
2. Political conflict: conflict between the Monarchy and the nobility over the “reform” of the tax system led to paralysis and bankruptcy.
3. The Enlightenment: impulse for reform intensifies political conflicts; reinforces traditional aristocratic constitutionalism, one variant of which was laid out in Montequieu’s Spirit of the Laws; introduces new notions of good government, the most radical being popular sovereignty, as in Rousseau’s Social Contract [1762]; the attack on the regime and privileged class by the Literary Underground of “Grub Street;” the broadening influence of public opinion.
4. Social antagonisms between two rising groups: the aristocracy and the bourgeoisie
5. Ineffective ruler: Louis XVI
6. Economic hardship, especially the agrarian crisis of 1788-89 generates popular discontent and disorders caused by food shortages.
Why Did The French Revolution break out in 1789
What then ?
After the fall of Robespierre, a more moderate government took control. In 1795 they set up directory, a five men council that ran things with the help of Parliament. They undid most of the Revolutionary Government. They stopped any resistance by using the army. One army leader quickly became powerful. By1799 he was powerful enough to throw out the directory and take over France. His name was Napoleon Bonaparte.
VIDEO
This is a video about the french revolution. This video is a summary of the french revolution
Running the country
By : Zahra Mohammad
From : 7D2
The French Revolution
Rich & Poor
The gap between rich & poor had been growing for years. It was most obvious in the cities, where the rich & poor lived side by side. things were worse in the years when the harvest were bad. Then there was no enough corn,so the price of bread went up sharply.The 1780s had several bad harvests in a row. The harvest of 1788 was the worst.
France was divided into three groups - the First Estate, the Second Estate and the Third Estate. While the First Estate did the most work, they did not have a say in how the country was run. But they were expected to pay taxes more than the other two Estates.

In 1789 the French king had to call the Estates General because the government was in debt and needed more taxes. Kings only did this when desperate for money - the last Estate General had been in 1614 !When it met, the Third Estate demanded a say in how the country was run. Th king refused.
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