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Peru

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by

Morgan Thompson

on 21 November 2016

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Transcript of Peru

Education for Peru children in primary and secondary school from ages 7 to 16 is free
Peru
By: Carmela
Colegio
Primary and secondary school is mostly inaccessible to many rural children
Secondary school consists of 5 grades, and many children are not accustomed to this because they are used to one teacher
After sixth grade, a student goes on to secondary school, as long as they achieve an average mark of 11 out of 20 and have passed at least language or mathematics.
Colegio
Students attend school from around 8am to 2pm, Monday to Friday.
The first semester begins at the beginning of March and finishes at the end of July. This holiday comes after exams and coincides with Las Fiestas Patrias (28th & 29th July), both for primary and secondary school.
The second semester lasts from August to December, finishing for Christmas
In the letter system, students can be given an A (pass), a B (nivelación - learning in process) or a C (fail).
Colegio
Grading with numbers ranges from 0 to 20.
Students need at least a 12 to pass, but some schools require 11 or 13. Anything lower than this results in a fail. The highest marks are between 16 and 20
Universidad
There are currently 51 public (nacional) universities and 89 private (particulare) universities – both for-profit and non-profit – operating in Peru.
Public universities are tuition free
The academic year typically lasts 34-36 weeks and is divided into two semesters
Courses are credit (créditos) weighted and start in late March or early April.
Universidad
A credit hour is equivalent to one hour (45-50 minutes) of instruction per week, or two hours of practical work per semester
Admission is competitive and very selective, especially to prestigious public and not-for profit institutions, so most universities also require a separate set of entrance examinations.
The first two years of the university curriculum is devoted to general studies (generals of at least 35 credits), followed by a period of specialization of three to five years (five to seven years total), leading to the title of Bachiller (minimum 200 credits).
Universidad
Admission to a doctoral program requires a master’s degree.
The program lasts a minimum of three years and requires the completion and defense of a dissertation. Successful candidates are awarded the Grado de Doctor.
In law and medicine, the professional title is obtained three and five years respectively after the award of the Bachiller.
Education in the United States
Secondary School consists of 7 grades instead of 5 (like in Peru)
After fifth grade a student goes to secondary school, instead of after sixth grade (as in Peru)
Primary and secondary schools are very accessible to all children, unlike rural areas in Peru
Students in the US attend school from 8am to 3pm, rather than until 2pm like in Peru
The first semester in US education begins in August and lasts through December, and the second semester lasts from January to May (first semesters in Peru last from March to July and the second from August to December, finishing at Christmas)
Education in the United States
In the US grading system, an A through C is average and passing, while a low D and F is failing (In Peru, a C is failing)
Number grading in the US ranges from a 0 to 100. Students need a 65 to pass ( in Peru, number grading goes to only a 20 and students need a 12 to pass)
Colleges in the US have entrance exams (ACT and SAT), just like in Peru. They also have the first few years as general studies and then specialization later on, however in Peru the first 2 years are general while it is 4 in the US
Education in the United States
Public universities in Peru have free tuition, while any college, including public, has a tuition fee in the US
All graduate programs and degrees, such as bachelors and masters, are the same in Peru and the US both.
Colegio La Inmaculada- Catholic School for Primary and Secondary education in Lima, Peru
San Marcos University in Lima, Peru
Works Cited

"Education System In Peru." Classbase. N.p., 2012. Web. 20 Nov. 2016.
http://www.classbase.com/countries/Peru/Education-System


"The Main Stages of Education Education Levels, the School Year, Uniform and Grades." Just Landed. N.p., 2003. Web. 20 Nov. 2016.
https://www.justlanded.com/english/Peru/Peru-Guide/Education/The-main-stages-of-education

"Education in Peru." World Education News and Reviews. Ed. Nick Clark. N.p., 6 Apr. 2015. Web. 20 Nov. 2016.
http://wenr.wes.org/2015/04/education-in-peru
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