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Russian Absolutism

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Sharvil Patel

on 11 April 2011

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Transcript of Russian Absolutism

Russian Absolutism How Was Russia Different?
Ruled by the hated ruler Ivan the Terrible Eventually Ivan passed power on to his son, Feodor When the childless Feodor died, Russia fell into The Time of Troubles A time of civil wars, foreign intervention, and famines. Here come the Romanovs The Romanovs February, 1613, Michael Romanov elected to the throne Began moving the country to an autocracy "Achieved" total enserfment of peasantry by 1649 Hints of Absolutism Peter the Great a.k.a Pyotr Alexeyevich Romanov Began true Russian Absolutism For a large portion of his early reign, others ruled in his name Finally, Peter gathered support and took power away from his half sister, Sophia Peter's Reign Focused on Modernization of Russia Reorganized army Dreamed of making Russia into a military power Sought to find better port cities, in order to make a stronger navy Peter's Western Dreams Peter had many advisors who lived in Western Europe Invited Western technicians and thinkers into Russia to set up political policies that mimicked those of Western Europe Peter went on a eighteen month tour of Western Europe His real intention was to recieve military aid against the Ottoman empire Ended up learning more about Western Europe. Why are Western Influences important? Many Western Europen countries had already adopted Absolutist Governments When Peter saw these countries during his tour of Europe, he thought they were extremely successful Thus, this reinforced Peter's beliefs in Absolutist ideals When he returned, Peter the Great continued to implement Absolutist policies, reassured of their effectiveness. Reaction to Absolutism The people of Russia were enserfed under Peter the Great (the first Absolutist Ruler of Russia) None can argue the single-minded devotion that Peter the Great possessed He had one intention: to make Russia a World Power Succeded in modernizing Russia as well as expanding it's borders Worked till his dying day to improve Russia in everyway possible Russia after Peter the Great The people probably did not enjoy serfdom None the less, the people of Russia hailed Peter as "the Emperor of All Russia" Why? Russia would lack a successful Absolutist Government until Catherine II the Great Russia (once again) fell into a state of turmoil None of his successors were able to rule with the strength and effectiveness that Peter did Catherine II the Great Catherine effectively picked up right where Peter the Great left off Peter's military improvements were still present So Catherine focused on educational and legal reform In 1768, Catherine embarked on territorial expansion and began a war with the Ottomans Catherine also pushed west, attacking Poland after winning her war with the Ottomans During Catherine II the Great's reign, Russia was effectively made into a World Power and Absolutist policies had been restored Fall of Russian Absolutistm Alexander II made some minor reforms that pulled Russia away from Absolutist policies Russian Absolutism didn't truely fall until the 1905 Revolution Ironically, Absolutism had become so ingrained into the people's minds, that the Russian Constitution of 1906 still referred to the czar as an autocrat One could argue that Russian Absolutism didn't truely fall until around 1917, when the Communist Party took over Russia Russia's Timeline of Absolutism vs. The Rest of Europe Compard to the rest of Europe, Russia was late in adopting Absolutist Ideals Furthermore, Russia was the last country in Europe to abolish Absolutism so Russian Absolutism differed from the rest of Europe because they were able to learn from Europe's mistakes French Absolutism Cardinal Richelieu True founder of French Absolutism He argued that all government actions are justified by raison d'etat (reason of the state) Said that the State represented order and security Believed if the state was weakened, everybody suffered Louis XIV Believed that his powers flowed from God and he should be regarded as God's representative Forced nobles to come to Versailles so that the kingship could become the sole seat of sovereignty Strengths/Weaknesses of French Absolutism Strong Wealthy Country Peasents were forced to pay large taxes, which led to resentment and discontent English Absolutism James I Alienated Parliament and believed in divine right absolutism Unpopular, but he believed the crown should have sole control over taxes and the budget Charles I Also refused to call Parliament Scots revolted in 1640, Charles I needed tax money to fight them Parliament was not eager to help him So they passed laws restricting royal power as well as taking control of the military away from the crown Spanish Absolutism King Philip II of Spain Believed he had the divine right to rule Spain as an Absolute Monarch Also believed he had a duty to "defend the Catholic Church" Differed from France because Spain's wealth partially depended on South American colonies, while France recieved wealth solely from within their own borders Spain declined as France became a World Power Probably a result of severe inflation, weak leadership, a disappearing middle class, and peasent-revolts Age of Absolutism." Professor Page, n.d. Web. 5 Apr 2011. <http://history2.professorpage.info/absolutism.htm#peter>.ussian Absolutism."

WesternCiv Guides. Western Civilization Guides, n.d. Web. 06 Apr 2011. <http://westerncivguides.umwblogs.org/2009/12/02/russian-absolutism-peter-the-great-and-catherine-the-great/>.

"The Rise of Absolutism." WorldCiv. Homestead, n.d. Web. 07 Apr 2011. <http://worldciv1.homestead.com/absolutism.html>.

"The Decline of Absolutist Spain." History Doctor. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Apr 2011. <http://www.historydoctor.net/Advanced%20Placement%20European%20History/Notes/absolutist_spain.htm>.

"Peter the Great." Wikipedia. Wikipedia, n.d. Web. 9 Apr 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_the_Great>. Bibliography King Philip The End
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