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Sierra Leone DIAMONDS

Arshdeep Nigaha AA7
by

Arshdeep Nigaha

on 17 June 2013

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Transcript of Sierra Leone DIAMONDS

Budapest
San
Francisco
Sierra
Leone
*Diamonds*
ISSUES
Within the diamond industry, there are a number of crucial social and environmental factors that must be considered. These include conflict diamonds child labor, the role of state institutions, blood diamond campaigns, and the resulting effects on global demand.These are all important in terms of social welfare, but increasingly they are directly affecting production and consumption patterns as well.
What are "conflict diamonds?"
Conflict or "blood diamonds" are illegally traded to fund conflict in areas that are destroyed particularly in central and western Africa, according to the World Diamond Council which represents the commercial diamond trade.The United Nations decribes conflict diamonds as diamonds that originate from areas controlled by forces or factions opposed to legitimate and internationally recognized or violating the laws or rules of the decisions of the Security Council. They call it "blood diamonds"
They are usually "rough form", meaning
they have recently been extracted and not
yet cut. At the level of the civil war in Sierra
Leone, it is estimated that conflict diamonds approximately represents 4% of the world's
diamond production.
Blood diamonds captured the world's attention during the civil war in Sierra Leone in the 1990s. The african diamond industry came under pressure during this portion of time as it became clear that blood diamonds were playing a role among others in brutal Angola, Sierra Leone, Liberia and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Its because diamonds are incapable of being traced, highly valuable and easy to hide. They are mostly used by rebel groups in Africa to raise money and to finance arms purchases and other forbidden to the law conditions. Diamonds are smuggled out of conflict areas and usually taken to countries that are together to be traded. Once diamonds are brought to the market, their origin is difficult to trace. After they are polished and they can be no longer identified.
- The continent that Sierra Leone is located in is
Africa.
- The language that is spoken in Sierra Leone is English
- The natural resources that are in Sierra Leone are bauxite, iron ore, chromite, gold, titanium ore, and diamonds.
-the president of Sierra Leone is Ernest Bai Koroma
- there was a sierra leone civil war that happend on March 23 1991 - January 18 2002
“Illegally traded rough diamonds are used for tax evasions and money laundering represent as much as 20% of annual world diamond production. This has particularly fuelled the spread of diamonds used by rebel armies to pay for weapons. Over the past 10 years these diamonds have lead to armed conflict, war, and death, most parts in Angola, Sierra Leone and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It has been estimated that 3.7 million people have died.
In Angola,Sierra Leone and DRC are done fighting. But the problem is that conflict diamonds are not over. Diamonds are mined in areas controlled by rebel groups in the Côte d'Ivoire. They are currently reaching the international diamond market. Conflict diamonds from Liberia have also been smuggled into neighboring countries.
Sierra Leone
is located here
Here is the flag of Sierra leone
Defintions
Legitmate: Conforming to the law or to rules
illegitimate: Not authorized by the law.
!!!THE END!!!
There have also been terrorists that have been involved in the diamond trade. The terrorists are called the "Al Qaeda Terrorists. The al qaeda terrorists have been in countries like tanzania (located in Africa), Democractic Republic of the congo ( located in Africa), and South Africa.
Full transcript