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AP World History - Industrial Revolution - Fiorill

AP World - Fiorill

Mark Fiorill

on 29 February 2016

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Transcript of AP World History - Industrial Revolution - Fiorill

The Industrial Revolution
AP World History
human/animal to machines
homes/farms to factories
2) Enclosure movement
3) Population increase
4) Transportation
5) Stable government
6) Raw materials

Mass Production - identical items, simple tasks
Pottery - expensive to import
Josiah Wedgwood
specialized tasks
Wedgwood "China" all over the world
Cotton - expensive to import
colonies = cotton
spinning jenny - cotton fibers into thread
Eli Whitney's cotton gin - increased American cotton production
Iron - mass production
interchangeable parts
replace defective part
James Watt's steam engine
increased production of textiles
Electric telegraph - communication
Samuel Morse - built line between Washington and Baltimore
Centralize machines
new social class - industrial middle class
cities grow
Joint-Stock Company
corporations owned railroads, steel, iron and weapons factories
competition became cutthroat as monopolies resulted
rise of corporations - private businesses owned by many individuals and investors who provided capital by buying stocks representing shares in the company
Industrial Revolution - source of energy and place of work changes
Industrial Revolution spreads to France, Germany, Belgium, US

After 1870, Russia and Japan industrialize

Russia - Trans-Siberian Railroad
Japan - Tokugawa Shogunate
Effects of Rural to Urban migration?
cities overcrowd, sanitation and crime rise
middle class move
cotton drains soil
rapid urbanization
wealthy = grand homes, theater, museums
lower classes - quickly built, shoddy houses
sanitation, pollution, crime
Wealth was land ownership
Wealthiest now in industry
Growth of middle class
Lower classes = factory workers, miners; children
Lower classes worked for upper classes
sound like any other social structure you know about?
Workers easily fired; black listed
workplace not family life
women = lower wages
Lower classes - "escapist activities"
Middle Class - reading books; churches; lectures
wives usually did not work
goal for women to provide refuge at home for men
keep household in order
leads to idealized concepts of women
"Cult of Domesticity" - separation of women from the world outside the home and
"invisible hand"
based on competition
labor supply up & wages down
gap b/t rich and poor grows
Socialism - system of economy
utopian socialism - based on cooperation
Karl Marx - revolution, not reform
Communist Manifesto
capitalism exploits, subjugates workers
workers (proletariat) revolution
the bourgeoisie (owners of means of production)
ownership of private property would be banned
"Workers of the World Unite!"
Labor Unions

guild system was dismantled

labor unions - working conditions, wages, etc.
I am so angry about whatever it is that is being protested that I made a sign!
AP World History Rules!!!
weapon = strike
coal powered steam engine
1) Middle Class, capitalism
Economic system in which a country's trade/industry controlled by private owners for profit
landowners claimed communal lands
rural to urban migration
agriculture efficiency?
steady food supply
larger consumer market
canals, rivers, flat land
cheaper transport
constitutional monarchy
House of Commons = business voice
large quantities produced
steamboats in the US; crossing of the Atlantic
locomotives/ships lower cost of transport
lower prices
workers go to the machines
division b/t workers/managers
spreads the risks (and profits)
sells shares to individuals
A business
Important Long Definition Alert!
monopoly - exclusive possession or control of the supply or trade in a commodity or service
involved in int'l trade
built railroads
modernize iron industry
cities unprepared
rise of suburbs
spare time?
small business owners, managers, accountants, doctors and lawyers
(houses, land, food, time, etc.)
wealthy virtually controlled everything
upward social mobility very hard
carriers of virtue, goodness, pureness
management of social life
creation of insulated world of home, servants, children and
usually by government
means of production owned, controlled collectively
all needs met equally
no rich or poor
only solution to capitalism, industrialization
creates gap between rich and poor
country develops from a pre-industrial to an industrialized
nouveau riche - newly rich
Luddites - smashing labor saving technology
John Stuart Mill
government = intervene for social safety
goal of society = greatest good for the greatest number
Result - war, famine
Population growth will exceed the food supply
Thomas Malthus
Decline of living conditions blamed on poor
welcome to the machine
Full transcript