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AP World History - Industrial Revolution - Fiorill

AP World - Fiorill
by

Mark Fiorill

on 24 March 2017

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Transcript of AP World History - Industrial Revolution - Fiorill

The Industrial Revolution
AP World History
WHY BRITAIN?
2) Enclosure movement
3) Population increase
4) Transportation
6) Stable government
5) Raw materials
TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATIONS
III. Mass Production - identical items, simple tasks
Ex. 1 - Pottery - expensive to import
Wedgwood "China"
A. Spinning Jenny - cotton fibers into thread
B. Eli Whitney's cotton gin - increased American cotton production
IV. Electric telegraph - communication
THE FACTORY SYSTEM
A. Creates new social classes
i. industrial middle class
B. rapid urbanization
Industrial Revolution
source of energy and place of work
CHANGES
SPREAD
France, Germany, Belgium, US
After 1870, Russia and Japan industrialize
Russia - Trans-Siberian Railroad
Japan - Tokugawa Shogunate
C. Rural to urban migration
cities overcrowd, sanitation and crime rise
A. middle class move
B. deforestation
cotton drains soil
grand homes, theater, museums
quickly poorly built houses
1. Wealthiest = industry
2. Growth of middle class
3. Lower classes = factory workers, miners; children
easily fired; black listed
women = lower wages
"escapist activities"
Middle Class - reading books; churches; lectures
wives usually did not work
"Cult of Domesticity" - separation from outside the home
DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION
REACTIONS TO INDUSTRIALIZATION
A. Laissez-Faire
"invisible hand"
E. Socialism - system of economy
utopian socialism - based on cooperation
F. Karl Marx - revolution, not reform
Communist Manifesto
capitalism exploits, subjugates workers
workers (proletariat) revolution
ownership of private property would be banned
"Workers of the World Unite!"
Labor Unions
labor unions - working conditions, wages, etc.
I am so angry about whatever it is that is being protested that I made a sign!
AP World History Rules!!!
weapon = strike
B. Watt - coal powered steam engine
1) Capitalism
Economy, trade/industry = private owners for profit
House of Commons = business voice
i. locomotives/steamships = lower cost of transport
built railroads
modernize iron industry
rise of suburbs
managers, accountants, doctors and lawyers
means of production owned, controlled collectively
all needs met equally
no rich or poor
creates gap between rich and poor
country develops from a pre-industrial to an industrialized
ii. nouveau riche - newly rich
B. Luddites - smashing labor saving technology
John Stuart Mill
government = intervene for social safety
goal of society = greatest good for the greatest number
C. Utilitarianism
Result - war, famine
Population growth will exceed the food supply
D. Thomas Malthus
FSOPQ - What point is the above cartoon making about the construction of the railroad?
FSOPQ - Using the video as evidence, describe at least FOUR ways in which machines change the way the world worked.
A. Arkwright - Water frame
FSOPQ - Give the cartoon a caption.
Effects
HIERARCHY
I. Source of Power Changes
II. Textiles
FSOPQ - Using the map above, what do you think will be advantages to this railroad? Disadvantages?
FSOPQ - Name one of the above reactions to industrialization that you agree with and explain why. Then, name one you disagree with and explain why.
Full transcript