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Greek Mythology & Biblical Stories

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Bernice Groves

on 10 November 2013

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Transcript of Greek Mythology & Biblical Stories

Lot, sodom & gomorrah

biblical and greek mythology

1950-1775 B.C.
(Around Abraham's time)
Lot, Sodom and Gomorrah
Gen. 19:1-29
Lot settled near these two cities which was apparently good for his livestock. Anyway, these two cities were horribly sinful and as a result God vowed to destroy them.
However the night before the calamity, God sent two angels (in the form of men) to Lot per the request of Abraham who asked him to save the righteous ones, i.e., Lot.
Lot Continued...
Eurydice and Orpheus
Unfortunately, tragedy followed the young couple. Eurydice got bitten by a very poisonous snake and she died.
Young Orpheus then wandered around miserable because of the death of his wife. However, he thought of a brilliant idea: visit the underworld and implore Hades to bring Eurydice back to life.
John the Baptist
Matt. 14:1-12
It so happened that at Herod's feast, his daughter Salome was asked to dance for him and his guests.
Herod offered to grant whatever wish she had after her dance because he was so moved.
Eurydice & Orpheus
Two cities called
Sodom and Gomorrah
His wife (not named)
Two daughters (not named)
Background Information:

There was a man named Lot who was Abraham's cousin.
They traveled together until they both agreed to travel separately--they chose the places in which they would dwell. Abraham to the south and Lot to the east.
It so happens that the angels rush Lot and his family out of the city.The angels leave them with one last command, "Do not look back or stop...or you will be destroyed!"
It is unfortunate the events that unfold shortly after, but Lot's wife looks back and apparently turns into a pillar of salt because she didn't heed the Angel's warning.
The story ends with Lot and his daughters in the safe place. Oddly, his daughters believe it was the end of the world! And in their folly, they both got impregnated by their father. Which I believe is sort of ironic with them being "saved" from sin and all--they ended up sinning anyway.
Written around 530 B.C.
Northeast Greece
Background Information:

Orpheus was the son of Apollo and the muse Calliope is said to have been his mother. He was extremely talented with music and apparently had a voice to die for (literally.) It so happens that he met a (beautiful) wood nymph by the name of Eurydice. They fell in love and got married.
So it happens that he went to the underworld and he sang a song that conveyed his heart break and grief. It was so touching that Hades and Persephone were moved and allowed Eurydice to be released.
However, Hades had one condition: "Don't look back...or else that will undo everything."
Orpheus was overcome with joy, and he walked back out of the Underworld. After a while, the entrance to the Underworld was seen, and there was only a few moments until he could see his wife again. He noticed he didn't hear her foot steps and once he got out of the entrance he turned around.
Unfortunately, Eurydice wasn't fully out of the Underworld, and since Orpheus looked back, she retreated into the darkness.
The story ends with Orpheus' anguish. He was not allowed to re-enter the Underworld to retrieve her. And so he had to live with not only the grief of her death but also having looked back when he was not supposed to.
5 B.C. - 28 A.D.
Jerusalem & Machaerus
King Herod
Background Information:
John the baptist was a prophet that lived during the time of Jesus. He had many disciples just like Jesus and was well respected. However, He was imprisoned for speaking out against Herod's marriage to his brother's wife, Herodias.
Her mother, Herodias had her ask for John the Baptist's head on a platter. Herod didn't fancy the idea, because he didn't have a personal vendetta against his wife. The reason why he was even imprisoned was because of his wife.
However, Herod looked around at the "important" people gathered and agreed to her request in order to save face.
Thus, John the Baptist's head was brought on a platter.
The story of Lot and Orpheus, I found, have similar themes. They both mention the act of "looking back" and the consequences of doing so.
The story of John the Baptist does not explicitly connect with the themes of Lot and Orpheus but it has death in it like the others.
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