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Plessy vs. Ferguson Civil Rights Case
Transcript of Plessy vs. Ferguson Civil Rights Case
Civil Rights Cases Jim Crow Laws Homer Plessy In the midst of the Civil War, Homer Plessy was born in New Orleans, Louisiana. The members of the Plessy family could have passed for white individuals. In reality, the Plesseys were Creole of Color individuals. Homer Plessey himself was 1/8 black and 7/8 white. Others dubbed them as "free people of color". In his early years, Plessy worked as a shoemaker later marrying Louisie Bordnave. Eventually Plessey would become an activist in the New Orleans Education system. The Separate Car Act was passed in Louisiana in 1890. Plessey's activisim was highlighted by his actions in 1892. Plessey purchased a first class ticket for the East Louisiana Railroad. Once he boarded he proceeded to sit in the "whites only section". His actions were noticed by the conductor who wished to remove him. After Plessey refused to move he was ejected, jailed, and fined. Therefore, Plessey sought the court to publicize the violation of his rights under the 13th and 14th Amendments. John Howard Ferguson When Homer Plessy first tried his case in court, John Ferguson was the Judge at his hearing. Ruling against him, Ferguson agreed with the railway companies. Unsatisfied with this conviction, Plessy and his lawyers brought their case to the supreme court against Ferguson, arguing the fourteenth amendment that all citizens were granted equal protection. Again, they lost their case. It is important to remember that John Ferguson was the judge in the first court case, not the one who committed the first injustice against Homer. The Results of the Case Works Cited: http://www.pbs.org/wnet/jimcrow/stories_events_plessy.html
http://www.nola.com/news/index.ssf/2009/02/plessy_vs_ferguson_photo.html Jim Crow law was the name given to the laws decreeing that it was legal to segregate facilities. The disclaimer about these laws was that though the facilities may be physically apart, they must be equivalent in quality. These laws were summed up in the simple cultural phrase, "separate but equal". Supreme Court Justice Brown ruled that Plessy was attempting to argue that the negro people were inferior according to societal dictations. However, Brown countered this by declaring that it was Plessy's own viewpoint which made it seem like black people were inferior. Furthermore, it enlightened the public about the state of "separate but equal laws". It brought to light the fact that thought separate, they were certainly not being treated equally. As a direct result of Plessy vs. Ferguson, segregation became an accepted doctrine; consequently, the facilities were to be separate but equal. In reality, they were not. The outcome of the case made the public aware of inequality; however it further justified the separation of various public places from theaters to restaurants and from schools and restrooms. A short clip about segregation... Historical Impact The Case Today Ancestors of both Plessy and Ferguson joined together to establish the Plessy and Ferguson Foundation. The main goal of the foundation is to educate individuals about Civil Rights throughout history. Additionally, the Plessy and Ferguson Foundation seeks achievements in education, preservation, and outreach. In terms of education, the foundation has created Public Programs for discussions. Historical sites have been sought for preservation and are soon to be distinguished. The foundation also hopes to attain respect through connecting with society. Plaque In early 2009, relatives from the Plessy and Ferguson family met together in Louisiana. The plaque offers a reminder for the court case as whole. Keith Plessy, ancestor of Homer Plessy summed it best when he stated, "It is no longer Plessy v Ferguson. It is Plessy and Ferguson" Conclusion Although the Plessy vs. Ferguson decision to legalize segregation may not have seemed to be unjust at the time of its ruling, the concept that separation people based on race would quell hatred and conflict between races turned out to be a flawed and ignorant one which would later throw the US into turmoil during the Civil Rights Movement and do nothing but fuel bigotry. At this high school, students were given a taste of
what discrimination was like for people during the Jim Crow era in a very hands-on way. Introduction Immediately following the end of the Civil War and slaves were emancipated, racial conflicts began to arise between white and black people. As tensions rose, state congresses began passing laws to restrict the rights of blacks.