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Rollo May

Personality Theory Presentation

Caitlyn Burns

on 15 November 2012

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Transcript of Rollo May

Rollo May Theory Therapy & Treatment Therapeutic Approach Anxiety & Trauma Legacy & Criticisms Types of Love Development Anxiety Basics Childhood Career Education Background
Information Born in 1909 in Ada, Ohio
Birth name- Reece
Moved to Michigan while young
Turbulent childhood- divorce, mental illness Briefly attended Michigan State
Attended Oberlin College- English
Salonika, Greece- travel & Adler
Ministry-Union Theological Seminary, NYC
Columbia University- Clinical Psychology Psychoanalyst in charge of supervision and training at White Institute in NYC
Nationwide professor
Private practice in NYC & later California
Died in California in October 1994 Existential Psychology
experiences of what it means to be human
unique experiences
necessary experiences

-Anxiety, dread, and despair are core elements of what it means to be human

-These experiences are necessary to discover and strengthen an individual's core values
by defending them from threat. Innocence- pre-moral self, needs (infant)
Rebellion- development of self by contrasting with adults (childhood-adolescence)
Ordinary- normal adult ego, based on conventions, comfort in conformity (adulthood)
Creative- authentic, self-actualized adult, accepts destiny & pushes through anxiety courageously

*Not conventional stages -Anxiety is necessary- without it we cannot reach our full potential

-Anxiety is needed to instigate change, which promotes growth- otherwise= stagnant, unfulfilled*

- Anxiety can help individuals search for meaning in their lives- "Anxiety is the dizziness of freedom."-SK

- The only way to have no anxiety would be to have no freedom Sex- lust
Eros- procreative love
Philia- brotherly love, liking
Agape- unselfish love, care for welfare of others
Authentic Love- incorporation of all

- Too much of any kind can be a bad thing,
especially if others are missing

- Love needs will (effort)
to be lasting & meaningful
NO GIMMICKS- should not "cure" minor problems
Symptoms vs. undeveloped sense of self
Therapy should "enlargen" a person -->freedom
Therapy SHOULD ask a lot of a person
Goal-client to ask questions, not therapist to answer questions
Standardized therapy= MISTAKE Examine barriers to freedom & expose limitations so they can be transformed into strengths
Recognition of anxiety as "normal", especially the fear of death
Once strong personal identity is formed, "normal" anxiety should not threaten that identity
Group therapy to reestablish self identity & identification of abilities
(ex. PTSD, trauma survivor, veteran) - One of the most well-known existential psychologists

-Also a founder of humanistic psychology, positive psychology, and human potential movement.

- As a result- his work bridged the gap between these two perspectives

Criticism- lack of empirical data to
support his therapy techniques. References Alic, M. "May, Rollo." Gale Encyclopedia of Psychology. 2001. Retrieved November 12, 2012 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1G2-3406000406.html
Boeree, D. C. (2006). Rollo May. Retrieved from Personality Theories: http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/perscontents.html
Friedman, H. S., & Schustack, M. W. (2012). Personality classic theories and modern research (5 ed.). (S. Hartman, Ed.) Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon.
Pitchford, D. B. (2009, October). The existentialism of Rollo May: An influence on trauma treatment. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 49(4), 441-461. Retrieved November 2012
Schneider, K. J., Galvin, J., & Serlin, I. (2009, October). Rollo May on existential psychotherapy. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 49(4), 419-434. Retrieved November 2012 Bridge Between
Humanism & Existentialism
Full transcript