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Freshman Plagiarism Tutorial

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Sara Kiplinger

on 10 November 2015

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Transcript of Freshman Plagiarism Tutorial

Freshman Plagiarism Tutorial
What is plagiarism?
"pla.gia.rism: the act of using another person's words or ideas without giving credit to that person"
(Merriam-Webster)
Types of Plagiarism
Ideas
Verbatim
Organization
Word Switch

I can avoid plagiarism by paraphrasing
&/or summarizing my research findings.

I can determine when my research data or facts must be cited.
To Cite!
I can follow a standard format for
in-text citation for sources that I
paraphrased or quoted in my writing.

Works Cited

Ballard-Long, Nicole, Elaine McKenna, Lee Mitchell, Margaret Sullivan, and Melissa Twombly. Plagiarism: What It Is & How to Avoid It. Bells, Whistles & Freshman Seminar. Rockwood School District, n.d. Web. 9 Sept. 2013.
Chambers, Megan. "Plagiarism-Freshman Edition." Lee's Summit, MO. 6 November 2013. Slideshow.
Gibaldi, Joseph. MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. New York: Modern Language Association of America, 2009. Print.
"Plagiarism." Def. 1. Merriam-Webster Learner's Dictionary. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Sept. 2013.
Is it plagiarism?
Your teacher assigned a research project a month ago. You had intended to pace yourself by working on it a little bit every day, but that didn’t happen. Now, it’s the night before the project is due. You copy and paste from several Internet sources to write a paper, but forget to make a Works Cited page.
YES
You cannot "cut & paste" a paper together from other sources. If you choose to use something directly from a book or the Internet, you must include quotation marks
AND
a citation.
Is it plagiarism?
You create a PowerPoint for your social studies class. You list all the articles you read on your works cited slide, but you don’t cite the source of the pictures you copied from Google Images.
YES
Not only should you cite words and facts--but images, sounds, videos, interviews, etc. Basically, anything YOU did not create.
Is it plagiarism?
The night before your paper is due, you ask your mom to read it. Not only does she correct your grammar and spelling errors, she helps you rewrite some awkwardly-phrased passages.
NO
It's okay to ask for help on a paper, as long as someone else only offers advice, and does not write the paper for you.
Is it plagiarism?
You use an excerpt of the Declaration of Independence. You cite it in the text of your paper but not on your works cited page.
YES
You must always include documentation/citation within the paper AND on the works cited page.
The Original Passage:
The purpose of a research paper is to synthesize previous research and scholarship with your ideas on the subject. Therefore, you should feel free to use other persons' words, facts, and thoughts in your research paper, but the material you borrow must not be presented as if it were your own creation. When you write your research paper, remember the you must document everything that you borrow-not only direct quotations and paraphrases but also information and ideas.
A Paraphrased Example:
When writing a research paper you should aim to arrange the information you discovered about the topic through your own research, with your own thoughts on the subject. Since a lot of the content in your paper is not your own, you will need to utilize tools like paraphrasing, summarizing, and direct quotations. You must remember to include the author and original source information in your paper and your works cited (Gibaldi 55).
A Summary:
A good research paper includes both the author's ideas on the subject, as well as their research findings, including proper documentation (Gibaldi 55).

A Plagiarized Passage:
The intent of a research paper is to combine previous research with your ideas on the subject. Therefore, it is okay to use other persons' words, facts, and thoughts in your research paper, but it must not be presented as if it were your own words. When you write your paper, remember the you must cite everything that you borrow-not only direct quotations and paraphrases but also information and ideas.
You will frequently use information in your projects that require citation. Listed below are instances in which you must include proper citations.
Direct Quotes
Example: "Quotations are effective in research papers when used selectively" (Gibaldi 92).
Paraphrase or Summarize
Original - "Other, less conspicuous forms of plagiarism include the failure to give appropriate acknowledgment when repeating or paraphrasing another's wording..."
From: MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 7th edition, by Joseph Gibaldi

Paraphrased - Paraphrasing someone elses words without give proper credit is another form of plagiarizing (Gibaldi 56).
Facts, Data, & Statistics
Example:
51% of students surveyed this year said they had cheated on an exam in the past year (Payne).
When in doubt!
If you aren't sure - cite it. It's better to be safe than sorry.
Not to Cite!
There are only a few instances when you do not need to cite information. They are listed below.
Your own ideas and opinions
Example:
I believe there should be a law against texting and driving.
Common Observations
Example:
Many teenagers own a cell phone.
Common Sayings
Example:
It's better to be safe than to be sorry.
Common Knowledge
Example:
In 1492, Columbus sailed the ocean blue.
In-text Citation Format for Paraphrase, Summary, Fact, or Statistics
Include the author's last name and the page number (if present) within parentheses at the on the section which includes the paraphrase, summary, fact or statistics. Place the period after the citation.
Example:
The best way to let your reader know you have used someone else's ideas or facts is to note this within the paper itself by using in-text citation (Gibaldi 214).
In-text Citation Format for Quotations
Quotes (text that has been copied word for word) should be placed in quotation marks with the citation at the end. The citation should include the author's last name and the page number (if present) within parentheses. Place the period after the citation not within the quotation marks.
Example:
"Usually the author's last name and a page reference are enough to identify the source and the specific location from which you borrowed material" (Gibaldi 214).

Plagiarism & Music
The Rubinoos' "I Wanna Be Your Boyfriend" vs. Avril Lavigne "Girlfriend"

Def Leppard "Pour Some Sugar on Me" vs. One Direction "Midnight Memories"
More examples
- using someone else's thoughts, creations, or ideas
- copying a source word-for-word
- using the same info as someone else but organized in a different way
- same as all of the above, but switching words around or replacing with words that mean the same thing
Examples:
Click the link for the quiz:
http://goo.gl/forms/h5NLC7ev0e
If you get done and have time left, come back and watch more music!
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