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Regionalism & Realism
Transcript of Regionalism & Realism
After War Fluster
America moving in different direction
North and South split
The New Land - West
The Social Division
Wealthy vs poor
A reaction to romanticism
Realism turned from an emphasis on the strange toward a faithful rendering of the ordinary, a slice of life as it is really lived.
"Let fiction cease to lie about life; let it portray men and women as they are"
William Dean Howells
Middle and lower-class people were often its subjects and the lives of their characters were taken as seriously as they took the lives of the rich and powerful.
It is imperative to say that Realist literature finds the drama and the tension beneath the ordinary surface of life.
Realist writers set their literature in the region they knew best, the area where they lived and places where they traveled.
Focused on the actual region not the plot
Regionalism refers to texts that concentrate heavily on specific, unique features of a certain region including dialect, customs, tradition, topography, history, and characters. It focuses on the formal and the informal, analyzing the attitudes characters have towards one another and their community as a whole. The narrator is particularly important in regionalism fiction for he or she serves as a translator, making the region understandable for the reader.
In his masterpiece The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Mark Twain's use of regionalism brings the reader right into the heart of the 19Th century wild American West. Twain brings to the local to life.
Literature in decades before the turn of the century
Regionalism and Realism
The literature just before and after 1900 responded to the new conditions of American life by tuning from Romanticism and Transcendental optimism toward a straightforward portrayal of society and of human nature. The mayor literary movements of this period were Realism, Regionalism and a branch of Realism called Naturalism. In order to bring their characters and setting to life to allow their readers to become fully engulfed in their stories, Mark Twain in "The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn" and Kate Chopin in "The Awakening" employed regionalism.
Regionalism & Realism
America continued its expansion and growth in population, wealth and military power. Though different from the Puritan Age, and the revolutionary age, this nation seemed to be moving in different directions all at once. War had devastated the it.
The South suffered from the continued effects of its economic collapse. The North industry flourished, having awaken by the production demands of the war such as firearms, pig iron, cotton textiles, cotton, leather goods, corn, farm-machinery, food-processing, machine-tool, and railroad equipment factories.
movement west continued as Amer
es and new immigrants searching
life, spread out and populated
ries. The isolated frontier
ming a memory as railroads contin
sscross the continent.
Thomas Jefferson's dream of an agrarian America, with small towns and family farms, was vanishing. The United States was becoming a wealthy industrial nation. The great cities too, expanded rapidly: Philadelphia's population tripled within forty years. That of New York quadrupled. Chicago's multiplied an astounding twenty times as the new capital of the Midwest.
By 1890's there were over four thousand American millionaires, and some whose wealth greatly exceeded a mere million dollars, like Andrew Carnegie, who made his fortune in iron and steel; J. P. Morgan, the great financier; and John D. Rockefeller, founder of the Standard Oil Company. The Gilded Age, as Mark Twain called it, was a time of fabulous display of wealth, larger and larger corporations and industrial monopolies, and a widening gap between haves and have-nots among the American people.