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Integrated Skills in the ESL/EFL Classroom
Transcript of Integrated Skills in the ESL/EFL Classroom
Integrated skills refers to the interaction of the four main language skills all together during instruction. As we know these skills are: Listening, writing, speaking and reading.
Ss practice all the language skills in a highly integrated, communicative manner while learning content such as science, mathematics, and social studies.
Language and content courses are taught separately but are carefully related one to the other.
There are two forms of integrated-skills:
At least 3 general models of Content-based instruction exist:
Integrates the language skills into the study of a theme which must be very interesting to Ss and must allow a wide variety of language skills to be practiced.
The subject matter is taught in simplified English according to the students' English proficiency level.
Are activities that can stand alone as fundamental units and that require comprehending, producing, manipulating, or interacting in authentic language while attention is principally paid to meaning rather than form (Nunan, 1989).
Steps to integrate
Learn more about the content-based, task-based, or a combination of them.
Reflect on how much the skills are integrated on your current approach.
Choose instructional materials that promote this integration, as well associated skills of grammar.
If a course only follows one skill, remember it's possible to join them through appropriate tasks.
A given strategy can often enhance performance in multiple skills.
Oxford, R. (2001).
Integrated Skills in the ESL/EFL Classroom.
ESL Magazine. EU: University of Maryland
Tanner R,. Green, C.
Tasks for Teacher Education a Reflective Approach.
Ss must write a self-introduction to their classmates without their names.
The teacher will randomly give a paper to each student and each student will read them.
Ss listen while their classmates read the self-introduction.
Ss will guess whose self-introduction belongs to and ask further questions about the person (Ss are speaking).
One Ss will start by writing a sentence.
The next one will continue and so on (Ss are reading what the last one wrote)
The teacher will read the result after the whole group finishes writing their sentence. (Ss are listening).
Ss will give their opinion about the story (Ss are speaking).