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Transcript of INDIA
One of the world's best vacation travel regions
2nd most populous country
Population of: 1,236,344,631
(the USA has: 318,892,103)
Indians put much importance on their breakfast, called Nashta. The customary tea, signifies the start of the day. In the North, Nashta includes rots, parathas, a vegetable preparation, pickles, and curd. In the Southern region Nashta includes idli or dosas accompanied by chutney. In the West, dholka and milk. Lunch is also important in India, 2-3 vegetable dishes, curd, and a variety of desserts, and many of the dishes are wrapped with paan.
Cows in India are considered sacred. Due to the large Muslim population pork is not usually sold, only in areas or establishments for tourists.
SPORTS IN INDIA
In early India, the main concern of sports was the developement of physique and the art of offence and deffence
Considered a kind of recreation, playing a vital role in the developement of a man's personality
Some activities are found in Budhists and Jain literature
Recreational sports in United States are very popular in India
EARLY TIME PERIOD
Women shared equal social status with men
Were given a role of importance & respect
MEDIEVAL TIME PERIOD
After 500 B.C. conquerors invaded India and founded the Mughal Empire
Marked the growing control of men over their means of production
Yashmak - veil
Burqa - body
Ghoonghat - head
Protect women from the eyes of India's invaders
MODERN TIME PERIOD
Sati (self immolation)
Religious ban on widow remarriage
Devadasis are sexually exploited
CERTAIN PRACTICES BECAME PART OF SOCIAL CULTURE, LIKE:
Domestic violence in India is epidemic and widespread, predominantly against women.
Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act in 2005
In India, dowry is called Dahej in Hindi, and Jahez in Arabic.
Indian National Congress in 1885
Mahatma Gandhi's non-violent movement
Mrs. Vijay Lakshmi Pandit
Mrs. Indira Gandhi
Situated on the banks of the Ganges River, Varanasi is sacred to Hindus, Buddhists and Jains and also one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world.
The Taj Mahal in Agra is an immense mausoleum of white marble, built between 1632 and 1653 by order of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his favorite wife. Besides the white domed marble mausoleum the Taj Mahal includes several other beautiful buildings, reflecting pools, and extensive ornamental gardens with flowering trees and bushes.
All of India is under a single time zone.
India experiences six seasons: summer, autumn, winter, spring, summer monsoon, and winter monsoon.
Upland plain (Deccan Plateau) in south
Flat to rolling plain along the Ganges River
Deserts in west
Himalayas in north
Most Indians rinse their hands, legs, and face before eating a meal.
Wasting food is considered a sin.
Oprah's First Traditional Indian Dinner
appreciation for hierarchy and a top-down structure in society and organizations.
dependent on the boss or the power holder for direction
acceptance of un-equal rights between the power-privileged and those who are lesser down in the pecking order
often feedback which is negative is never offered up the ladder.
both collectivistic and individualistic traits
COLLECTIVISTIC: high preference for belonging to a larger social framework in which individuals are expected to act in accordance to the greater good of one’s defined in-group(s)
INDIVIDUALISTIC: Due to Hinduism. Reincarnation is dependent upon how the individual lived the preceding life. People are, therefore, individually responsible for the way they lead their lives and the impact it will have upon their rebirth
designer brand label, the flash and ostentation that goes with advertising one’s success, is widely practiced (visual display of success and power)
Cultural traditions teach the value of humility and abstinence
patient country where tolerance for the unexpected is high ; even welcomed as a break from monotony.
concept of “karma” dominates religious and philosophical thought
theyforgive a lack of punctuality, a changing game-plan based on changing reality and a general comfort with discovering the fated path as one goes along rather than playing to an exact plan.
what motivates people, wanting to be the best (masculine) or liking what you do (feminine).
how a society deals with unknown situations
how people in the past, as well as today, deal with explaining what is happening around us
It has to do with whether people´s self-image is defined in terms of “I” or “We”
the extent to which the less powerful members of institutions and organizations within a country expect and accept that power is distributed unequally
the extent to which people try to control their desires and impulses, based on the way they were raised
relatively strong control so they are restrained.
do not put much emphasis on leisure time and control the gratification of their desires
FIH India National Field Hockey Team
Women's Cricket World Cup 2013
Bhagavad Gita or "Song of the lord"
Festival of lights
Celebrates the victory of good/evil, light/darkness, and knowledge/ignorance
Lasts 5 days
Falls between October and November
Festival of Colours/ Festival of Love
Celebrated in North India
Spring festival, celebrated in March
Exuberant festival with dancing, singing and throwing of paint
Lighting of Bonfires and burning of Holika
Clothing in India varies from region to region depending on ethnicity, geography, climate and cultural traditions of people in that region. Historically, men and women clothing has evolved from simple Langotas and Loinclothes to cover the body, to elaborate costumes not only used in daily wear but also on festive occasions as well as rituals and dance performances.
Saree is an piece of clothing that is not stitched and is usually four to nine meters long depending on the style in which you want to drape it. There can be numerous ways of draping a Sari, but the most common style resorted by the women in India involves wrapping Sari around the waist, with one end draped over the shoulder (pallu), thereby covering the chest. Sari is wrapped over the petticoat and blouse.
Rihanna was asked to leave Abu Dhabi Mosque after scandalous photoshoot