The Internet belongs to everyone. Let’s keep it that way.

Protect Net Neutrality
Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM


Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.


Panoramic Photography - An intro

A tutorial & overview, containing resources, images, how-to videos, and links covering everything you could possibly want to know about panoramic photography, now updated for 2015. Visit my website for examples

Andy Bryant

on 9 February 2016

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Panoramic Photography - An intro

And finally
is a Panorama?

would you want to shoot pano?
Irish Painter
Robert Barker
= All sight
Any wide-angle view
How wide is wide?
As wide as the human eye = 160° by 75°
or 2:1 aspect ratio; or ...
the full 360° x 180°
Small slot 'lens' around which the film/sensor is rotated
A 'rotating line' camera
Lomo Spinner
35mm film and a rubber band
subject is
or you just can't back up far enough
or you want to capture
less $$s than a really wide lens
or tall
you need to remove people
Single row
Multiple row
Good for wide landscapes
Any camera/lens is good
Typically 24 - 35 mm
Single row of 3-8 images
Imagine you're standing at the center of a cylinder and rotating;
then slice the cylinder down the axis and unwrap
Set all controls to manual
WB, Focus, Exposure
Hold in portrait
gets more sky & ground per image
Overlap by ~30% + ensure you have some features in each shot
Keep the NPP point in the same position
Keep the camera level
2 axis hot-shoe
Bubble level
Stick one foot forward
Spherical Pano heads
AutoPano Pro
Post process
Parallax error is the effect caused when your viewpoint changes between shots
You can see the effect by looking at a scene with near and far detail
through one eye
then the other
if the camera's "eye" moves between shots, then the software will not be able to align both the foreground and the background
so you need to keep the 'eye' of the camera still
The 'eye' is the NPP - or No Parallax Point
(it varies on a zoom lens)
Limit moving objects between frames
Select start/end & practice pan
Avoid lots of stuff in the foreground
Clear blue sky is hard to stitch
Shoot a row of sky + top of ground
Then tilt down for the second row
If you rotate the camera around your body, the NPP will move
So put one foot forward, hold the camera over you foot,
and rotate your body around your foot
Multiple rows
Really Right Stuff
Nodal Ninja 3 MkII
Allow creation of many gigapixel panoramic images
99 EUR
Open Source
79 EUR
Photoshop CS3+
Load images as layers, Edit - AutoAlign/AutoBlend Layers
360x180 equi-rectangular
Virtual Tours
Sugar loaf mountain 152G
London 80G
Deep zoom on or huge prints
50mm or greater
Take two or more rows of images to get greater detail... or cover more area
As you increase the vertical field of view you have to imagine you're rotating your view around a point pasting images on the surface of a sphere
Submissions for 2016
Usually Feb/Mar
Annual competition to select the best 150 panoramic images selected from 2818 images
Submissions for 2015 from March
Make only global changes
Ensure white-balance is identical
Fix chromatic aberration
Adjust exposure, contrast etc for all images if needed
Can use horizontal grad filter, but only on single row
A touch of noise reduction
Small JPEGs for quick view
TIFF 16-bit for higher quality
Drop images into your favourite pano tool, and allow it to autodetect
Usually due to camera movement, insufficient overlap or featureless sky
Manually add control points to match features across images, or re-shoot!
Try AutoPano Giga multiple viewpoint mode
Fix horizon, stretch pano
CS5 Content aware fill is...
... black magic
Adjust contrast / Try Nik Color Efex
Adjust over or underexposed areas as needed
Save JPEG or print
Then the usual
= (string + rubber band + weight)
= Cylindrical projection
Kolor Panogear
GoPano Micro
... explore
the horizontal,
and the vertical
Capturing the 'decisive moment'
One Shot
Lowest resolution
Can use for moving subjects
or video!
Annual competition - 3971 images from 870 photographers across 54 countries in 2014
Resources & inspiration
Microsoft Image Composite Editor
Free tools
Smartphone apps
... on to stitching images ...
Things to remember...
and have fun!
... Dr Pano
Multiple viewpoints
HDR Vertorama
a panorama?
do you
do you
a panorama?
What's next?
Pano (Debacle)
Shoot overlapping photos
Sweep + up to 28 MPixels
unless you've got a pano-head
or use in-camera level
Paid tools
if it doesn't stitch correctly
Use transparency mask & save as TIFF or PNG32 to remove from original images
or use the AutoPano Giga mask feature to identify ghosts to hide
Can export distorted images as layers to Photoshop
If motion / ghosting
Upload to cloud service
Some cameras also have embedded pano modes
Fuji FinePix X100
Sony Sweep mode in compact and DSLRs
but none are flexible - so ...
Identify groups of images for pano
Lightroom: Stack (Ctrl-G)
Tag, add to collection or add to folder
Export from RAW to JPEG/TIFF
Photoshop Transform / Warp
Make Global adjustments in Lightroom
Export as TIFF or JPEG
Remove extra photos & bad/extra links
Add extra control points if needed
Adjust alignment / horizon
Export to Photoshop + post process
Easily fix white balance & Chromatic Aberrations
Faster to capture & save
Faster to process
Default choice
80% of the time
Moving clouds
Use for HDR panos
Multiple panos on A1 size, then divide
84cm long x 59cm high
Define a custom paper size
Bring your own roll of paper
Custom paper: 60cm high x any length...
Guillotine up to 140cm
Poster hanger - up to 200cm
Classic Frames
max out at 80 or 100cm
Custom Clip frame
Buy and cut your own plexiglass with a board backing
Or with frame
360 Panoramic Photography
Stereographic / Polar projection / Little Planet
to fix verticals / horizontals
0.24 Giga Pixel - Mont Blanc - Gigapan EPIC + Canon Ixus compact -
0.62 Giga Pixel - Landmannalaugar Iceland - Nodal Ninja + 45mm on OM-D E-M5 -
Shanghai Skyline 272G
Tips for masking moving objects + the nadir / tripod
Technique using photoshop
Ricoh Theta
Google PhotoSphere
Yes - even white balance
Any changes across the pano will make it impossible to stitch a good image
Should I shoot in
Or Giga for masking tool, anti-haze, Lightroom plugin, multiple viewpoints €199
But if there's a combination of
close and distant objects,
you may see parallax error...
to reduce Parallax error
and exposure issues
Henri Cartier Bresson
Vivian Maier
Pas de la Cle, Vercors
The Great Wall of China, Jinshanling
Using a
Regular tripod mount
Panning head & Nodal rail
Tilt the camera and rotate around the center
Allows you to keep the camera in portrait orientation over the center of the tripod
Allows you to pull the camera back so that the nodal point of the lens is centered on the tripod
Poor solution
Good place to start...
Single row
Bushman Panoramic Gobi
or Kalahari
Lens Ring
Tom Shot 360
Nodal Ninja Ultimate R10
360Precision Atome
Fish Eye 360x180
Great complex stitching, including moving viewpoint
Fast, even with large images
Copes well color correction & lens vignetting
Easy straightening
in panos is often an issue
Dynamic Range
due to the variation of light across the scene
Bracket (5 images)
Pre-process & export (jpeg)
Stack into groups of 5
Stitch to 5 separate layers (jpeg)
Oloneo 64bit
HDR tone map & process
Images generally too large for any other software
Bracket (5 images)
Lightroom / Photoshop
Pre-process RAW images
Merge to 32bit HDR
Manually tonemap one image in LR, then sync changes across all images
Export 16 bit TIF
Stitch images & export
Stitch then HDR Tonemap
HDR Tonemap then stitch
Easier to see the effects of HDR on the whole image
Less resource intensive, less complex
360 x 180
11mm or less
Fish eye preferred
If you then slice from pole to pole and un-wrap this sphere, you'll end up with a 2:1 frame that looks like this (an equirectangular projection)

Pixels are stretched horizontally as you get closer to the poles
If continue to shoot images in all directions, you'll paint a virtual sphere
Either use a dedicated rotator; or a head with rotator built in (such as the Arca Swiss P0)
Hosted on or
Desktop -
3 types of
Full transcript