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Transcript of Seamus Heaney
Born in April 13, 1939 in Ireland
Eldest of nine children
His father is from the cattle-herding Ireland and his mother was from a modern world
This difference between his parents was reflected in his inner tension from which his poetry comes
He grew up as a young country boy, and watched American soldiers in local fields preparing for the Normandy invasion
At the age of twelve, he won a scholarship to a Catholic boarding school
In 1957 he moved to Belfast and studied English and Literature at Queen’s University of Belfast Writing Career
He began to write for a literary magazine for which he used a pen-name Incertus
He graduated in 1961 and took a teaching job at St. Thomas’ Secondary Intermediate School in Mallymurphy, West Belfast
He was first published in 1962
His first book of poetry, Eleven Poems, was published in November of 1965
At the age of 27, Heaney was appointed as a lecturer at Queen’s University Belfast and his first son was born. His second son was born in 1968.
A Kite for Michael and Christopher and A Hazel Stick for Catherine Ann were both inspired by his two sons and daughter.
In 1972 he left his job and began work as a freelance writer Nobel Prize and Later
After 23 years of writing, Heaney won a Nobel Prize for “works of lyrical beauty and ethical depth, which exalt everyday miracles and the living past.”
In 1999 Beowulf: A new Translation was published and became very successful
In 2006 he became unwell, but in now back to full health 1970- Political murders were going on
Battle of Bogside- In 1969, the RUC fired more than 1,000 canisters of CS gas through Bogside. British troops were drafted into the Northern part of Ireland to help the RUC ( Catholics didn’t like the RUC).
In 1970 the ranks within the Irish Republic Army split and the Provisional IRA started bombing all over Northern Ireland in an attempt to bring the Ulster economy down and to get the British troops to with drawl.
In 1971 Internment was introduced to try and capture leaders of the IRA.
The Unionist government said that it was to get terrorist activity to cease but many Catholics believed it was an attempt to get Catholics out of Northern Ireland. 1972-Bloody Sunday
In January in 1972, the British Parachute Regiment shot 14 unarmed Catholics in Derry. This event is known as Bloody Sunday.
Major failure for the British.
By March the Unionist Government of Stormont had its power taken and London’s parliament took over. They outlawed internment and said that everyone had a right to fair trial and many Catholics were happy with this.
Protestant Terrorist group is formed, the Ulster Defense Association, which is designed to protect the protestant community.
After this event, Heaney wrote a poem, "Casualty", in honor of the memory of his friend who died in this conflict. Seamus Heaney’s Trademarks
Heaney writes mostly about Ireland, and the life within it.
He takes inspiration from the land, but also from the many people one could encounter in Ireland.
He uses the 5 senses extravagantly in his work, to accurately depict Ireland.
Seamus also stays true to his roots, by writing in Gaelic.
Seamus Heaney also has a gift for making the narrator sound like a character themselves.
Seamus’ love for Ireland was also depicted in his poetry through its history.
He wrote quite a few poems about Ireland’s political history.
Seamus Heaney loved Ireland, and represented his love in his poetry through imagery, politics, and language. Poems
Mossbawn 1. Sunlight
The Haw Lantern
The Fire i' the Flint
The Government of the Tongue Translations