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Social Studies Report (American Period)
Transcript of Social Studies Report (American Period)
independence. This act also let the Filipinos vote for the Filipino House of Representatives. Group 5
Joshua Lu (SQ) Americans vs Spanish The Americans
were imperialists, had an empire
used religion to subjugate the people
was very powerful and influencial on a global scale were DEMOCRATIC, had a republic
used EDUCATION to subjugatge the people
was very powerful and influencial on a global scale SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR
(April 25- August 19, 1898) or The SP-AM War The Spanish As a result of the media hysteria for war that followed the explosion and sinking of the Battleship Maine in Havana Harbor, and other conflicts, both nations declared war on each other, thus starting the...
Tensions started between Spain and the United States of America... America didn't agree with Spanish Imperialism... Cuban independence was a big issue. Because America was near Cuba, it was able to witness the atrocities of the Spanish and the revolts of the Cubans. Spain did not want to compromise...
Because of the American's numerical superiority (they had lots of guys with guns), Spain (weakened by centuries of war) was losing. The result was the ... The Treaty of Paris The Treaty of Paris demanded that... Spain would give Cuba independence. The Treaty mostly favored the Americans. Spain give control over Guam and Puerto Rico to America. Surrender the Philippines to America for $20,000,000.00... But wait... The Philippines is already independent (or at least, that's what he said...)! Tensions rised, shots were fired (some Americans shot some Filipino soldiers) , propaganda was spreading, and so began... The Filipino-American War (June 2, 1899 – July 4, 1902) The Americans said: The Filipinos said: We want to educate and civilize these savages... We want to Christianize you...(even if you're already Roman Catholic...) We want to protect you from those Imperialists... We are not savages! Our natural resources... What the Americans REALLY want... Our strategic location... To use us as a stepping stone to China... To control more foreign markets... An Asia-Pacific coaling stop for the US navy... Exotic Filipina wives... We don't want to be colonized AGAIN! o_o Leave us be! We don't want you here! You Americans are hypocrits! We want to spread the ideals of democracy and liberty... IT WAS A Hundreds of thousands of people died, mostly Filipino civilians... Eventually, because of superior firepower, mobile artillery and stronger command of the sea, the Americans prevailed. Yeah...they won.
Now what? Because they were in control of the country, they had major major influences to our culture and society. They influenced our way of education When the Spaniards were here, education... was only affordable by the wealthy. was religious. But when the Americans came, education... was seen as a stepping stone in getting a non-labor job. was available for all, via public schools. Civil & democratic gov't: Enforces order without using military means. Filipinos were given the chance to participate more in the gov't. Military gov't: Enforces order using military means; this gov't is nessecary when conquering a country (because it is still unstable). They also introduced new forms of government... http://www.vetshome.com/spanish_american_war.htm
In Our Image: America's Empire In The Philippines. 1989, by Stanley Karnow. pp. 75-195.
The Wars of America. 1981, by Robert Leckie. pp. 563-574.
http://www.etravelpilipinas.com/about_philippines/philippine_government.htm Our really long line of sources which we didn't copy paste unlike another group that was before us. *cough cough, wink wink* Commonwealth gov't:
Prepares the Philippines for independence. The Americans eventually decided to make the Philippines independent... Headed by Manuel Quezon, it stated that the Philippines would be independent after a 10-year 'transitional period' (in a commonwealth gov't) . During the Battle of Manila Bay, Spain went against America; it was their first major engagement. The Americans promised independence, if the Filipino's would help them... With Spain's loss, General Emilio Aguinaldo signed the Philippine Declaration of Independence, became the first president of the Philippines, and declared independence from Spain. No one listened to him.
Neither Spain or America recognized this... America had a decisive victory (thanks to Admiral Dewey, who led the American fleet). America brought their teachers to the Philippines...Six hundred American teachers were imported aboard the USS Thomas. The Americans were brutal, even more brutal than the Spaniards. They commited Emilio Aguinaldo was captured in March, 1902, and organized opposition from his followers soon faded.
They enforced their American way of life to the Filipinos... “Catholic Spain had been driven by the spirit of the Inquisition, America was inspired by the unholy doctrines of ‘Manifest Destiny’ to bring the ‘blessings’ of western civilization to these ‘barbarians’ in Southeast Asia." Manifest Destiny = To expand territory; to modernize the world; to protect the ideals of Democracy; used to justify the American's wars... Jones Act/Autonomy Act was non-religious Harvey m goin 2 eat
I'M KEEPING THIS, SAYS OVERLORD. The Filipinos were able to experience a bit of democracy and freedom, but not as much as the Americans. Some measures of Filipino self-rule were allowed. and an elected Filipino legislature was established in 1907. The Philippines was gearing towards independence, until... The Japanese came...but that's another story. END OF REPORT Executive power was with the Governor General, who was appointed by the US President Woodrow Wilson On July 4 1902, President Theodore Roosevelt declares the war ended, though there were still pockets of rebellion around the country. major major major major major major major major major major major major major Tydings McDuffie Act, major BLOODY WAR. "massacre and murderous butchery". The Philippines' infrastures become more modern and American... Flag Law (1907) The law state that the Philippines CANNOT raise ANY flag BUT the AMERICAN FLAG.
Not only that, but they could not raise any nationalist flags, banners or symbols, particularly those identified to the Katipunan. It also banned the use of the Philippine national anthem. Anti-Sedition Law Reconcentration Act (1903) Brigandage Law (1902) This was the act to move people found in the rural areas to go to overcrowded concentration camps. People, who were out of the concentration camp or a marked place, were considered rebels, patriots, and bandits.
This act was made to make monitoring/
controlling the people easier. English was declared the official language. U.S. rule was accompanied by improvements in the education and health systems of the Philippines. Health was improved, and several diseases were virtually eliminated. School enrollment rates multiplied fivefold. By the 1930s, literacy rates had reached 50%. The Catholic Church was disestablished, and a substantial amount of church land was purchased and redistributed. In order to be convicted of sedition, someone must be against a government, but not participate directly. The support could be accomplished through the written word, criticisms, graphical media, or meetings, among other ways. They did this to stop reminding the people of freedom and independence. a repressive law, this law prohibited the Filipinos from forming or joining any organization or nationalist movement , especially those against the government. was made to counter-act sedition. The Americans made laws, in order to control the Filipinos... They made laws to help the Philippines reach independence... PRINT SOURCES