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Writing an Annotated Bibliography

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Jessica Crossfield McIntosh

on 3 November 2013

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Transcript of Writing an Annotated Bibliography

Steps to Creating an Annotated Bibliography
An annotated bibliography is a list of sources in a cited format (APA, MLA) followed by a summary or description of the source.
They may include citations to books, journal/magazine articles, web sites, or other materials
A typical annotation is about 150 words and can contain...
What is an annotated bibliography?
Annotated bibliographies are helpful to researchers who are digging deeper into a topic and need more sources to consider.
They can help to prove the researcher has done valid research.
They also provide specific information about each source used.
Why are they important?
encourages critical thinking
proves understanding
establishes competency
provides a way for others to decide whether a source will be helpful
provides background information and the kind of work going on in a field
A good annotated bibliography...
Pick something you can handle well within your time and space limitations. Try picking one aspect of a broad topic in which you're interested.
First Step
Use a number of good reference sources to get a handle on your topic, and perhaps identify the classic or seminal books and articles covering the subject.
Try to find a good encyclopedia, especially one that concentrates on the subject area of your topic. Go to the Reference shelves in the Library, browse the catalogs and shelves, or ask a librarian for help.
Second Step
Once you have found out what books or articles are seminal in your area of research, search the Author or Title of each book in OPAL, the library's online catalog, or search by keyword.
Third Step
use your judgment and try and focus on things that are informative, helpful, timely, and relatively unbiased. You also want to try and get good, general coverage of your topic.
Fourth Step
Take a look at existing bibliographies, footnotes and endnotes of current materials. You can also use this time to focus your topic or expand if need be.
Fifth Step
Review the materials and write summaries of what each contains. Add comments telling what is or is not covered, what particular viewpoint is represented, any strengths or weaknesses, and where it might fit into an overview of your topic.

Then, write your bibliography!
Sixth Step
•Make some preliminary decisions:
What kind of resources do you want?
What do they need to contain?
Do you want the most current materials, or would you prefer older materials if they cover your subject better?
•Go through the Otterbein catalog and explore various materials. They can help you narrow down a topic.
Before you Begin...
1. Who funded the research?
2. Who performed the research?
3. When and where were the studies carried out?
4. What were the political, socio-economic, religious, etc. conditions at the time of the research?
5. Is there any reason to suspect that the methodology or the interpretations of the results were restrained?
Questions to ask
Syvertson, D. (2010, September 20). Steps for writing an annotated bibliography. Retrieved from http://dakotacollege.libguides.com/content.php?pid=150024&sid=1274136
Writing Center at UNC Chapel Hill. (n.d.). The writing center: Annotated bibliographies. Retrieved from http://writingcenter.unc.edu/handouts/annotated-bibliographies/

Author information
Audience information
Author bias
Study methods
Relationship to other works
Time frame
Full transcript