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Working with Chinese Students - University of Melbourne
Transcript of Working with Chinese Students - University of Melbourne
China's 12th 5 Year Plan 2011 - 2015
Key Cultural Factors to Understand
Key cultural concepts cont...
Introduction to the history and economy of modern China
Understanding the Chinese mentality: Key cultural considerations
The importance of education in China - parental pressures
China’s growing middle class: Where are the students coming from?
Comparison to Chinese Universities
Graduate situation in China
Introduction to basic Chinese greetings
China's New Leaders
Can you name them?
Key Modern Events Have Shaped the Chinese Economy and Society
1931 – The Japanese invade China and the country is split
1949 – 1 October, People’s Republic of China established
1966 – 1976 – the Cultural Revolution
1978 – The open door policy begins
2001 – China Enters the World Trade Organisation
2008 – Beijing Olympics
2010 – Shanghai World Expo
All of life is negotiated
The importance of relationships: Guanxi
in a hierarchy
of some kind
"Chinese people often seek the middle way – there aren’t so many people on the extremes"
Respect for elders and authority
with a smile - indirect communication
Expand the demand of the domestic market; reduce reliance on export markets
“Inclusive growth”: addressing the income gap; focus on rural development
Shift development from the industrial sector to growth from all sectors (particularly technology innovation and R&D)
and Environmental Protection
Where are the Students Coming From?
How many Chinese cities can you name?
China’s growing middle class
The developing West
Changing profile of students
Don’t Take Offence! Chinese Customer
As China is a very populous nation, people are inclined to be very direct in order to get things done. Customer service is generally poor and often discourteous
Chinese language is very direct. This can lead to issues when speaking English and a tone that may seem impolite
Don’t Take Offence!
Chinese Understanding of Westerners
Chinese understand the West to be very liberal and relaxed. Some Chinese may take this to the extreme
Chinese students in Melbourne may not have met many locals. Don’t be surprised if they ask you very personal questions, wanting to learn more about Australian life
b p m f
d t n l
g k h
j q x
z c s
zh ch sh r
a o e
i u ü
ai ei ui
ao ou iu
ie üe er
an en in un ün
ang eng ing ong
How do you pronounce Li Ke Qiang?
Hello (to one person)
Hello (to one person, polite form )
Hello (to more than one person)
Hello, how are you?
How do you say: welcome all? How are you?
Useful Phrases for Students
Wo shi ______
Wo shì àodàlìyà rén
I am Australian
Ní shì nali rén?
Where are you from?
tāng táng tăng tàng
Opened in 2007, CI at UniMelb is a collaboration between University of Melbourne, the State Government of Victoria and the Chinese Government.
There are 300+ Confucius Institutes around the world. CI UniMelb focus areas include:
Cross-cultural/Negotiation skills training
Internationally renowned speakers
Ongoing Practical Advice and Support
Pronouncing Chinese Surnames
University Student Experience in China
In the Confucian tradition education is highly valued
Once per year University entrance exam
Once students are accepted to University their is a feeling that they can "relax"
Students usually study away from home
Overseas educational experience is highly valued - US, UK, Canada are preferred locations for Western education
Two types of students: privileged (may have missed out on top universities at home), those who have worked very hard to get here
Chinese students in Australia
Difficulty making local friends - short term subjects and living off campus
Challenging homestay experiences - conflicts in culture, food and language
Adjustment is more difficult for undergraduate students - many having never travelled domestically in China
Part-time and volunteer work is valued as a way of understanding Australian culture and interacting with locals
International Students not Migrants - Chinese students are increasingly returning home after finishing their study
"Balinghou" - China's Gen Y
The generation born in the late 80s and early 90s represents the new face of China
Raised during China's "opening up" period and under the one-child system
More aware of Western culture - asssertive, with a strong sense of individual identity
Short term orientation, with more focus on materialism and immediate needs
This generation is still influenced by traditional Chinese values, especially in the home
Graduate unemployment - a growing problem in China
Overseas-educated Chinese are finding it increasingly difficult to find employment after returning home
China’s goal of creating an educated workforce led to a rapid expansion of university places throughout the 2000s. The result has been rising graduate unemployment
This year 7 million university graduates will enter the labour force, more than any other time in China’s history (compared with 2.2 million in 2003)
China’s economic slow down has compounded the problem, with graduate unemployment estimated at 17.6% in 2013
Many graduates are reluctant to take up manufacturing jobs in China’s secondary sector
President Xi Jinping has encouraged graduates to take grassroots jobs and “issue extraordinary performances in ordinary job situations”
What are Chinese employers looking for in graduates?
Graduates with work or volunteer experience
English skills are vital
Overseas education not as valued as it once was : Hai Gui; Hai Dai
Graduates who are well-connected or can help win projects