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Working with Chinese Students - University of Melbourne

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Emma Pitt

on 22 January 2014

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Transcript of Working with Chinese Students - University of Melbourne

Chinese International Students
China's 12th 5 Year Plan 2011 - 2015
Key Cultural Factors to Understand
Key cultural concepts cont...

Introduction to the history and economy of modern China
Understanding the Chinese mentality: Key cultural considerations
The importance of education in China - parental pressures
China’s growing middle class: Where are the students coming from?
Comparison to Chinese Universities
Graduate situation in China
Introduction to basic Chinese greetings
Question time
China's New Leaders
Can you name them?
Key Modern Events Have Shaped the Chinese Economy and Society
1931 – The Japanese invade China and the country is split
1949 – 1 October, People’s Republic of China established
1966 – 1976 – the Cultural Revolution
1978 – The open door policy begins
2001 – China Enters the World Trade Organisation
2008 – Beijing Olympics
2010 – Shanghai World Expo
Today's Agenda
The importance
of face
All of life is negotiated
Responsibility
is shared
The importance of relationships: Guanxi
Everyone is
in a hierarchy
of some kind
"Chinese people often seek the middle way – there aren’t so many people on the extremes"
Business Insider
Respect for elders and authority
Say 'no'
with a smile - indirect communication
Key Focus
Areas
Expand the demand of the domestic market; reduce reliance on export markets
“Inclusive growth”: addressing the income gap; focus on rural development
Shift development from the industrial sector to growth from all sectors (particularly technology innovation and R&D)
Resource Conservation
and Environmental Protection
Where are the Students Coming From?
How many Chinese cities can you name?
China’s growing middle class
“Second-tier” cities
Provincial capitals
The developing West
Changing profile of students
Don’t Take Offence! Chinese Customer
Service Expectations
As China is a very populous nation, people are inclined to be very direct in order to get things done. Customer service is generally poor and often discourteous

Chinese language is very direct. This can lead to issues when speaking English and a tone that may seem impolite
Don’t Take Offence!
Chinese Understanding of Westerners
Chinese understand the West to be very liberal and relaxed. Some Chinese may take this to the extreme

Chinese students in Melbourne may not have met many locals. Don’t be surprised if they ask you very personal questions, wanting to learn more about Australian life
Chinese Pinyin
Initials
b p m f
d t n l
g k h
j q x
z c s
zh ch sh r
y w
Finals
a o e
i u ü
ai ei ui
ao ou iu
ie üe er
an en in un ün
ang eng ing ong
How do you pronounce Li Ke Qiang?
Chinese greetings
ni hăo
Hello (to one person)

nín hăo
Hello (to one person, polite form )

nimen hăo
Hello (to more than one person)

nihăo ma?
Hello, how are you?

huānyíng
welcome

How do you say: welcome all? How are you?
Useful Phrases for Students
Xièxiè
Thanks

Wo shi ______
I am

Wo shì àodàlìyà rén
I am Australian

Ní shì nali rén?
Where are you from?





Chinese Tones
tāng táng tăng tàng
Confucius Institute
Opened in 2007, CI at UniMelb is a collaboration between University of Melbourne, the State Government of Victoria and the Chinese Government.

There are 300+ Confucius Institutes around the world. CI UniMelb focus areas include:

Language Training
Executive Education
Cross-cultural/Negotiation skills training
Marketing Program
Internationally renowned speakers
Ongoing Practical Advice and Support
Pronouncing Chinese Surnames
Zhang
Liu
Wang
Jiang
Yang
Xiao
University Student Experience in China
In the Confucian tradition education is highly valued

Once per year University entrance exam

Once students are accepted to University their is a feeling that they can "relax"

Students usually study away from home

Overseas educational experience is highly valued - US, UK, Canada are preferred locations for Western education

Two types of students: privileged (may have missed out on top universities at home), those who have worked very hard to get here


Chinese students in Australia
Difficulty making local friends - short term subjects and living off campus

Challenging homestay experiences - conflicts in culture, food and language

Adjustment is more difficult for undergraduate students - many having never travelled domestically in China

Part-time and volunteer work is valued as a way of understanding Australian culture and interacting with locals

International Students not Migrants - Chinese students are increasingly returning home after finishing their study
"Balinghou" - China's Gen Y
The generation born in the late 80s and early 90s represents the new face of China

Raised during China's "opening up" period and under the one-child system

More aware of Western culture - asssertive, with a strong sense of individual identity

Short term orientation, with more focus on materialism and immediate needs

This generation is still influenced by traditional Chinese values, especially in the home
Graduate unemployment - a growing problem in China
Overseas-educated Chinese are finding it increasingly difficult to find employment after returning home

China’s goal of creating an educated workforce led to a rapid expansion of university places throughout the 2000s. The result has been rising graduate unemployment

This year 7 million university graduates will enter the labour force, more than any other time in China’s history (compared with 2.2 million in 2003)

China’s economic slow down has compounded the problem, with graduate unemployment estimated at 17.6% in 2013

Many graduates are reluctant to take up manufacturing jobs in China’s secondary sector

President Xi Jinping has encouraged graduates to take grassroots jobs and “issue extraordinary performances in ordinary job situations”


What are Chinese employers looking for in graduates?

Graduates with work or volunteer experience

English skills are vital

Overseas education not as valued as it once was : Hai Gui; Hai Dai

Graduates who are well-connected or can help win projects
Full transcript