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Greek Goddess Hestia

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by

Roger Swaggins

on 1 March 2014

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Transcript of Greek Goddess Hestia

Greek Goddess Hestia
Megan Akdemir
Social Studies
Period-A1

Title
Goddess of the hearth, sacrificial flame, and homes
Also presided over the cooking of bread and the preparation of the family meal
Received a share of every sacrifice to the gods
Cooking of the communal feast of sacrificial meat was naturally apart of her domain
Watched over the sacred fire on Mount Olympus
Re-lit extinguished fires with the flame from her temple
Relationships
Parents were Kronos and Rhea
Father, Kronos, swallowed her at birth
Zeus later forced Kronos to disgorge Hestia and her siblings
Both the gods, Poseidon and Apollo, requested her hand in marriage, she turned them down
Hestia asked Zeus if she could remain an eternal virgin, and she did
Hestia's siblings were Zeus, Hades, Poseidon, Hera, and Demeter
Birth
Was the first born out of six children
Swallowed immediately by her father, Kronos, along with her siblings
Rhea tricked her husband into swallowing a rock wrapped in cloth instead of one of her kids- he vomited causing their kids to come out
Hestia was the last to be disgorged
Hestia was from then on called "First and Last"
Personality
Kind, forgiving goddess, had a discrete character
Didn't participate in any disputes or wars
Gentle
Forgiving
Peaceful
Dignified
Calm
Welcoming
Well-centered
Patron City/Temple
Didn't have a patron city
All the Greeks had the sacred fire in their house which is from Hestia
Hestia's fire was carried around in their houses, they never had a patron city for Hestia, they had the sacred fire
Both the sacred fire in the homes and the sacred fire of the city, represented Hestia
Hearth fire wasn't allowed to go out by any family unless it was ritually extinguished
Worshiped in any temple, regardless of the god the temple was dedicated to
Symbol
Hearth/Fire- this resembles the power that Hestia has, she is the goddess of the hearth (a fireplace at the center of a home)
Every fire in every hearth was a sacrifice to Hestia
Name/Description
Greek name is Eotia
Roman name is Vesta
Hestia was the virgin goddess
She was the most gentle of the gods
Depicted as a modestly veiled woman sometimes holding a flowered branch
Wears a long robe with part of it covering her head
Full transcript