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Transcript of SALSA
With heavy use of percussion (clave, maracas, conga, bongo, tambora, bato, cowbell – to name a few), the instruments and the singers often mimic the call and response patterns of traditional African songs, and then blend in w/ the chorus. Other salsa instruments include vibraphone, marimba, bass, guitar, violin, piano, accordion, flute and a brass section of trombone, trumpet and saxophone. Of course, lately electronics have been added to the mix.
Type of Music
Salsa has penetrated the entire world. There are salsa groups from Africa, Japan, Sweden, Italy, Romania...pretty much everywhere. But the main countries where salsa is a part of everyday life of music are: Cuba, Puerto Rico, Colombia and Venezuela. The United States has a strong salsa culture in New York and Miami due to the large number of Puerto Rican and Cuban immigrants. Some of the type of people associated with this type of music are Americans , africans , cubans , puerto ricans , latin americanas and etc.
Most people credit Cuba with inventing the “salsa” dance; however, it is a mixture of Colombia, & Dominican dances from various countries including England, France, Spain, Africa, DominicanRepublic and Puerto Rico. The term "Salsa" was initially promoted and marketed in New York City during the 1970s.In the 20th century, salsa acquired a musical meaning in both English and Spanish.
History Continued ...
Regarding the genre's origin, Johnny Pacheco, creator of the Fania All-Stars (a band), who brought salsa to New York explained that salsa is and always had been Cuban Music.
Salsa music is influenced by many different rhythms and music styles from different countries. It takes it origins from Africa. In the 1800's it was influenced with Cuban "son" - a mix of Spanish music, the African drumbeat and the beat of the clave but when many US citizens moved to Cuba in the early 1900's, the brass bands which followed & contributed brass to the Cuban percussion enhancing the music further.
The singing tradition and the rhythm of the drums are a central part of religious and social practices among the Africans. One of the musicians plays a constant, specific rhythm (the clave) and the others play together forming a polyrhythm. The is an essential component of salsa music. The most common claves are those of the son, the rumba and the samba; all descendants of the African clave.The pregón-choir is another legacy of religious ceremonies, in which songs were directed by a social or religious leader. All of these are characteristics that are apparent in salsa.
Some social & cultural traditions are Local events and Routine Events (including classes and clubs that offer Friday night salsa) and Special Events meaning (workshops, special performances, birthday dances).And popular Latin events, such as Cinco de Mayo.Major Events may draw thousands of people from far away. They include Championship Competitions, Salsa Congresses and Dance Festivals and major Latin Events like (Rio de Janeiro’s Carnaval and Miami’s Calle Ocho).
The women wear well fitting dresses with frails to enhance body movement often above the knee with high heel shoes.To put it another way, many dress pretty much like ordinary people, while others embrace what might be called the Latino look versus the salsa diva look, ranging from dazzlingly beautiful to crazy or outrageous.Women may wear mini-skirts, party dresses, ballroom gowns, blue jeans or shorts.Men can often be seen wearing white shirts and pants, sometimes with white hats and shoes as well and can wear well fitting trousers and a shirt with closed shoes with and a smooth sole.Men typically wear polyester shirts, often paired with flared jeans (fashionably bleached and torn). Hats are a common fashion item, and bandanas are occasionally seen. Salsa fashion is very practical, emphasizing comfortable, loose fitting or stretchable clothes. Salsa clothing also tends to be light and cool, as dancers tend to get hot and sweaty. Colors and fabrics that don’t show sweat stains are another plus..One of the items most recognizable as Latin is the guayabera shirt. It’s comfortable, cool and stylish, with just the right touch of exotic.
Some famous salsa singers of all time are : Adalberto Santiago,Tito Rodriguez,Benny More,Pete "El Conde" Rodriguez, Ruben Blades,Cheo Feliciano,Oscar D'Leon,Celia Cruz, Hector Lavoe,Ismael Rivera.
Connection to Dance
The dance originated in Cuba through the mixture of Mambo, Danzón, Guaguancó, Cuban Son, and other typical Cuban dance forms. There is a strong Afro-Caribbean influence in the music as well as the dance.
it also integrates swing dances. Salsa can be a heavily improvised dance, taking any form the interpreter wishes. Modern Salsa has elements of Jazz, funk, reggae, hip-hop and samba.
The Music Today
Some musical influences in the music are the following instruments :
~ A pair of round drums held in the knees and struck with the hand.
~- bottle used to store oil that was used as a bass in original Son bands.
~ They keep the rhythm in the music and guide the dancers feet.
The Conga Drum
~ A skined.drum played with the palms.
~ Played by holding in one hand and striking with a stick.
~ A carved gourd played by scraping it with a stick.
~ A finger piano brought to Cuba by slaves from Santo Domingo.
~ A very primitive musical instrument.
~ A pair of skinned drums played with a pair of sticks.
Their are such a variety of people all across the globe that enjoy salsa music and the dance .
The projected future of salsa is most definitely going to keep on growing into new and different outlooks , styles, and sounds because people all around the world enjoy it , and will add their own taste to it!
How to Do the Salsa Side Step for Beginners