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Treaty of Trianon

history
by

esther heo

on 12 November 2012

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Transcript of Treaty of Trianon

Treaty of Trianon by: Joungbin An, Esther Heo, Lily Macdonald, Elliot Vinzon What problems the Treaty tried to Solve The Terms of the Treaty The Winners and Losers Why the Treaty was Unfair/Fair Was the treaty popular with the normal people affected? The Long Term Benefits/ Problems that Occurred The treaty of Trianon was signed in 4 June, 1920. It was a treaty between Hungary and the Allies and was aimed at solving how Hungary would pay back the Allies. The Austro-Hungarian Empire was dismantled, most of the land (72%) in Hungary was given to Czechoslovakia, Austria, Romania, and Yugoslavia.
The population was reduced from 20.9 million to 7.6 million
its army was reduced to 35,000 men with no conscription
they were not allowed to access the Mediterranean. A 'Hungarian Tragedy' Hungary had to pay for losing the war and causing other countries to suffer.
Hungary was the loser, because it lost a lot of land.
The new countries that formed out of Hungary received land, people and industry so they were the winners (Slovakia, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia).
Three major parts of territory were transferred to Romania Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia. No. This treaty affected many innocent people, many had to relocate and families split.
President Wilson said, "The proposal to dismember Austria is absurd." but he did nothing to stop it.
Later on Winston Churchill said,"Ancient poets and theologians could not imagine such suffering, which Trianon brought to the innocent.” he was right. Why it was not fair for the Hungarians
The League of Nations forced Hungary to give up nearly 75% of its territory.
With this, they lost 90% of all resources, railways, industries, and other infrastructures.
They had to split with families and relatives when the borders were being drawn, and was a huge traumatic moment for them.
Why it was fair
Serbians, Slovs, etc actually wanted independence, so were happy when they split.
One big (bad) effect that the Treaty of Trianon caused was the degrading of the Hungarian Economy. The downfall of their economy caused the suspension of their debts towards reparations.
This caused the neighbouring states that relied on Hungary to also fall economically. SOURCES http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/history/mwh/ir1/thetreatyrev3.shtml
http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/treaty_of_trianon.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paris_Peace_Conference,_1919
http://www.americanhungarianfederation.org/news_trianon.htm
http://www.americanhungarianfederation.org/news_trianon.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Trianon
http://www.hungarianhistory.com/lib/tria/tria38.htm
http://www.dvhh.org/history/images/dismemberment-map-hungary-1921.gif
http://www.americanhungarianfederation.org/images/trianon2.gif The splitting of Austria-Hungary caused Hungary to become a multi-ethnic state.
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