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Understanding Scripture Chapter Nine
Transcript of Understanding Scripture Chapter Nine
The Rise of the
Kingdom The Canaanites The Israelites Rahab Again Conclusion Power Corrupts Outcome Although the Israelites were supposed to be a nation set apart, the constant lure of paganism lead them into idolatry and anarchy. They would end up being ruled by a king just like every other nation. Moses dies at age 120, and Joshua becomes his successor. The invasion of the Promised Land, the land of Canaan, begins. Jericho If the Israelites want to take the Promised Land, then they have to capture the strategic city of Jericho. Rahab Joshua sends spies to Jericho, and a harlot named Rahab agrees to hide them if they will spare her family during the forthcoming attack. The Scarlet Cord Rahab hangs a scarlet cord from her window so the Israelites will know not to attack her family. The Israelites march around the walls of Jericho once a day, blowing their trumpets, for six days. On the seventh day, they march around the city seven times, and give a loud shout. The walls come down, and the Israelites raid the city. The Israelites keep their promise to Rahab, and she eventually marries an Israelite. She is an ancestor of King David, which makes her an ancestor of Jesus'. The Death of Joshua The Judges After Joshua dies, the Israelites fall into idolatry. God allows them to be punished by their enemies, but when they repent, He sends Judges, or soldier-prophets, to free the people. Why Idolatry? God knew that the pagan religions of the Canaanites would tempt the Israelites to turn away from Him. So He commanded them to drive the Canaanites out of the land. The Israelites disobeyed God and took the easy way out - they let many of the Canaanites stay. The Canaanites were more sophisticated than the nomadic Israelites. They built houses and large temples. They also had complex religious ceremonies. The Cycle of Sin The Book of Judges follows a predictable cycle: Selections from Judges Samuel Saul was a good king at first. He lead the military in a number of victories. But over time he became self-serving. Mistake One When a particular battle wasn't going the way Saul wanted it to go, he offered sacrifice to God instead of waiting for Samuel. He didn't really love God: he just wanted Him to do something for him. For offering sacrifice, King Saul lost his dynasty. His descendants would not be kings. For keeping the livestock, he would lose his kingdom. Saul grabs onto Samuel and begs for forgiveness, but Samuel pulls away, ripping his robe in two. A New King Samuel travels to Bethlehem in order to anoint a new king. His choice is an unlikely one. Let's read about it in 1 Samuel 16:1-13. Twist of Fate God's spirit departs from Saul, and an evil spirit comes to torment him. Saul's servants realize he's suffering from some psychological illness, so they bring a harpist in to play for him and calm his nerves. The rise of the kingdom teaches us that God will always be there for us when we turn to Him. No matter what trouble we get ourselves into, He can deliver us. Homework Do the study questions on on p 187 and PE #3. A Promotion When David plays the harp for Saul, the evil spirit leaves him. Saul promotes David and makes him the armor-bearer in his army. Through Divine providence, God is positioning David to one day become the king of Israel. Conquest Begins Joshua leads the Israelites to many victories. As he nears death, he gathers the people together, and they promise to stay faithful to God. It's a promise they won't keep. After entering Canaan, the Israelites were falling apart. They acted like separate tribes, and they even battled one another. God allowed them to be attacked and conquered by their enemies. When the people repented, He sent a Judge to deliver them. The Judges were types of Christ. We're going to read some of the stories of the Judges together:
1. Ehud - Judges 3:12-30.
2. Deborah - Judges 4:1-24.
3. Gideon - Judges 6:1-8:27.
4. Samson - Judges 13-16. Samuel is the last of the Judges. By this time, the Israelites are living in anarachy. Desperate for order, they ask for a king. Although God warns them about kingly rule, they demand it anyway. King Saul Samuel takes oil and anoints Saul as king over Israel. Saul is handsome, strong, and very charismatic. Only priests could offer sacrifice! Mistake Two God commanded King Saul to destroy the Amalekites along with all their possessions. Saul destroyed the people, but kept the best of their live-stock. This symbolized that God would tear the kingdom from Saul. King David Although he's not the most handsome or the tallest, God chooses David, the son of a man named Jesse, and the youngest of seven brothers, to be the next king of Israel. That harpist is none other than David! Saul is totally unaware that this shepherd boy David is the one that God has chosen to replace him as king.