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Past

Explanation about Past Simple, Past Continuous and Past Perfect
by

Marcello Araújo

on 25 August 2016

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Transcript of Past

THE PAST
PAST SIMPLE
PAST PERFECT
PAST CONTINUOUS
This is Zooey
She likes Michael
This is Michael
He likes Zooey as well
On Friday, they went to a party to get to know each other better
Zooey arrived at 10:00 P.M.
When the clock hit 11:30 P.M, Zooey left the party
Michael arrived at 12:00 A.M.
Zooey had left the party when Michael arrived
1st action
2nd action
She had left the party
is the PAST PERFECT
Subject
+
Had
+
Verb in Past Participle
This is Mio
She really likes her headphones
But they broke down
She bought new ones on the internet
They broke down
She bought new ones
Examples
Past Perfect
is the past of the past
present
past perfect
past
Yesterday Zooey got a phone call from Michael
before that he had sent many e-mails apologizing
Michael
is
is
A class made by Marcello Araújo
Credits: Raymond Murphy
(2nd action)
(1st action)
Zooey got a phone call from Michael
They talked a lot. She gave him a second chance
Now they are dating
Zooey
This is John:
4 o'clock
6 o'clock (now)
It is 6 o'clock now.
John is at home.
He is watching TV.
At 4 o'clock he
wasn't
at home.
He
was
at the sports club.
At 4 o' clock...
He
was swimming
in the pool.
He
wasn't watching
TV.
3:00
4:00
4:20
He started swimming
He finished swimming
He was swimming
The past continuous is used to refer to a situation that was in progress at a given time in the past.
He swam
Structure of the Past Continuous
Affirmative
I
He
She
It
was
doing
watching
playing
swimming
living
we
you
they
were
I
He
She
It
wasn't
doing
watching
playing
swimming
living
we
you
they
weren't
Negative
Structure of the Past Continuous
Interrogative
I
He
She
It
was
doing?
watching?
playing?
swimming?
living?
we
you
they
were
doing?
watching?
playing?
Question
What
were
you
I was _____________
He/ she was _____________
What were these people doing at 3 o'clock yesterday?
1. ________________________________________________
2. ________________________________________________
3. ________________________________________________
4. ________________________________________________
5. ________________________________________________
Rachel was at home. She was watching TV.
They were at the cinema. They were watching a film.
Tim was in his car. He was driving.
Tracey was at the station. She was waiting for the train.
They were in the park. They were walking.
Avril Lavigne
(sing)
She was singing
(Play the guitar)
She was playing the guitar
(smile)
She was smiling
(buy food)
She was buying food
(sit)
(wait)
She was sitting,
because she was waiting ________ and ________ to be quiet.
Past Continuous and Past Simple
Jack was reading a book
The phone rang
He answered the phone
He was reading
the phone rang
He read the book
He stopped reading
He stopped reading
(finished action)
he answered the phone
She was playing the guitar
She sang "Girlfriend".
She was playing the guitar
She stopped playing the guitar
She played the guitar
She sang "Girlfriend"
Present
Look at the pictures. Put the verbs in the past continuous or past simple.
Lucy _________ (break) her arm last week. It _________________ (happen) when she _______________ (paint) her room. She ____________ (fall) off the ladder.
The train _______________ (arrive) at the station and Paula ______________ (get) off. Two friends, Jon and Rachel, __________________ (wait) for her.
broke
happened
was painting
fell
arrived
got
were waiting
"Essential & English Grammar in Use".
Third Edition
I ______________ (offer) Sue some cake, but she ______________ (eat) in her house.
past
present
I offered
She had eaten
I ___________ (invite) Sarah to go out with me, but Jack _____________ (talk) to her before and he _____________ (asked) her out.
invited
had talked
had asked
I invited Sarah
Jack had talked and asked Sarah out
past
present
The headphones had broken down
so she bought new ones
The Past Simple tells the essential events of a narrative
Example:
Last weekend I traveled to Montreal. It was May, and the city was beautiful. It was spring and most of the snow melted away.
So I decided to go sightseeing and I met a group of Australian people. They were lost and I helped them to find Pointe-à-Callière Museum.
In the end I had eight new friends, including Sienna who became my wife.
Most verbs in the past end in -ed
Regular verbs:
Travel - traveled
Decide - decided
Help - helped
etc
But many verbs are irregular
Lose - lost
Meet - met
Have - had
etc
In questions we use "did":
Did go to Canada?
Yes, I did
No I didn't
Did you enjoy your trip?
Yes, very much
In the negative we use "did not - didn't":
I didn't go to Japan
She didn't learn Portuguese very well
They didn't invite the neighbors to the party
The past of be (am/is/are) is was/were
I was hungry
She was very late for dinner
We were impatient because of that
They were so busy ate work
The negative is:
I was not (wasn't) hungry
They were not (weren't) so busy ate work
The interrogative is:
Was she very late for dinner?
Were they impatient?
Magneto
Michael arrived at 12:00 A.M., two hours late
10:00
12:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
11:00
Zooey
Michael
10:00
12:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
11:30
10:00
12:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
11:30
He arrived late at the party
It's the Simple Past
It happened 1st
It happened 2nd
She had drunk wine before he arrived at the party
offered
had eaten
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