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Vinegar vs. Bleach
Elora Oadeson 27 November 2012
Transcript of Vinegar vs. Bleach
For people with a compromised immune system, if using vinegar as a household cleaner, chances of being contaminated by bacteria are not ideal.
Some people are sensitive to the pungent odor.
Harms aquatic life
Mildly harmful to your body by inhalation, ingestion, and overexposure to skin or eyes. If and when the vinegar leaks into our waterways, it forms a type of battery acid which can in turn kill or greatly harm fish and other aquatic life forms. Essentially, what happens is that adding acid to water, increases the acidity in the water which removes all oxygen from the water. This harms the gills of the fish, suffocates the fish, and may in turn cause them to die. From the information gathered and previously described, I have come to the conclusion that bleach is the most effective household cleaner. Being a person with a compromised immune system, I know how important it is to guarantee customer safety with a product. In this case, the purpose of bleach and vinegar is to effectively clean a household of bacteria and harmful agents that could cause an individual to get sick. The microbial reduction of bleach is significantly higher than that of vinegar. While vinegar kills 99% of bacteria, 82% of mold and 80% of germs (viruses), bleach is able to kill more than that at 4 to >6 log10 of pathogenic microorganisms and >3 log10 of the polio virus. Because we are aware of the health risks involved in using bleach in our home, we can therefore prevent any harm it may cause. For instance, If we are aware that bleach may cause burns to your eyes or skin when contacted or that it is corrosive to your lungs, we are able to take the precautions to prevent such events from occurring. We are able to be equipped with safety gloves, goggles, and breathing devices if necessary. We are aware that bleach, when mixed with other chemicals can be extremely toxic so it may be the only household cleaner that we use (and need).While vinegar may be less harmful to the environment as bleach, bleach is more effective as a household cleaner. health concerns RECOMMENDATION bibliography The active ingredient in vinegar is ACETIC ACID Acetic acid is usually present in household vinegar at a concentration of 5% Chemical formula to represent acetic acid is C2H4O2 Acetic acid is a molecular compound which is also commonly known as ethanoic acid Precautions. State and appearance: colourless, clear liquid Odor/ Taste: pungent, sour Melting point: 16.6 degrees Celsius Boiling point: 118.1 degrees Celsius Solubility: soluble in water and acetone Acetic acid is both flammable, and explosive.
Keep away from sources of heat or ignition (explosive above 39 degrees Celsius) Never add water to acetic acid Although acetic acid is the active ingredient found in vinegar, the concentration is quite low therefore, the toxicity of vinegar is much less severe than that of pure acetic acid. MSDS of vinegar: INHALATION:
Short term exposure limit: 15PPM for 15 minutes
Threshold limit value: 10 PPM INGESTION:
Concentrated vinegars may cause burns, pain and irritation in the mouth, gullet and stomach CONTACT WITH SKIN:
VInegar with a concentration of acetic acid greater than 11% ,may cause mild injury and burns. Diluded solutions (household vinegar) may cause or contribute to dermatitis. CONTACT WITH EYES:
Exposure to high vapour may cause conjunctivitis. Concentrated vinegars may cause severe burns and permanent injury to the cornea which may be followed by blindness. If handling acetic acid at a concentration greater than the permissible level... Wear rubber or neoprene gloves, a rubber apron, safety goggles and any other personal safety equipment you may need to reduce direct contact. Product may expand when heated, take caution when packaging In the case of unsuitable ventilation, wear the appropriate ventilation equipment Keep product in a cool, ventilated area Reactivity: reactive with oxidizing agents, reducing agents, metals, acids, alkalis Of course, too much exposure to other types of animals will cause the same type of harm as humans. In 1994, in a study done by a panel of 5, Vinegar was determined one of the most effective household cleaners with efficiency just behind a commercial cleaning agent on microbial reduction. Vinegar kills 99% of bacteria, 82% of mold and 80% of germs (viruses) compound structure less effective in terms of microbial reduction
not harmful to the environment
no severe harm to humans
emissions are not produced from use in the household
more vinegar is required to obtain the same results as the efficiency of bleach Emissions of acetic acid into the environment can be produced from:
wood distillation plants
biodegration of petroleum compounds in groundwater In most cases, vinegar from use in the household, does not contribute to the environmental impact. has antimicrobial properties of up to 99% of bacteria, 82% of mold and 80% of germs (viruses)
production is not harmful to the environment during production or after use
any acetic acid found in the environment can be broken down naturally by sunlight
harmful effects to humans are minimal
not dangerous to mix with other chemicals
vinegar + table salt or hydrogen peroxide has been proven to kill most strains of e. coli
easily reacts with other chemicals
air pollutant when produced
very efficient as a household cleaner
can be dangerous to the human health
very cost efficient. A little bleach can go a long way. American Association of Poison Control determined that in 2007, 14,400 children under the age of 6 were poisoned by bleach. pH: 4.25 The active ingredient in bleach is SODIUM HYPOCHLORITE The average concentration of sodium hypochlorite in household bleach is 5.25%
meaning 94.75% of the solution is water or H2O The chemical formula of sodium hypochlorite is NaClO Sodium hypochlorite is an ionic compound MSDS State and Appearance: Odor/ Taste: Melting point: Boiling point: Solubility: pH: clear to yellowish liquid chlorine like odor -6 degrees Celsius soluble in water <11.4 INGESTION: may cause nausea, vomiting or upset stomach. CONTACT WITH SKIN: may irritate intact skin and cause severe irritation to mucus membranes and broken skin. CONTACT WITH EYES: may cause severe irritation and permanent damage. Take caution when handling substance at a higher concentration. INHALATION: symptoms such as coughing and sore throat may occur. irritation to the nose, throat, and respiratory tack are also common. <40 degrees Celsius If swallowed, DO NOT induce vomiting. give patient large quantities of water and seek immediate medical attention Remove to fresh air. give artificial respiration or oxygen if necessary. Seek immediate attention. If skin is exposed to sodium hypochlorite, immediately flush substance away with water for a minimum of 15 minutes. Remove and wash contaminated clothing and seek immediate medical attention. If eyes are exposed to sodium hypochlorite, immediately open upper and lower eyelids and flush out substance with running water (eyewash station). Seek Immediate medical attention. According to the Risk Assesment Report (RAR) conducted by the European Union, bleach is safe for the environment on the grounds that it is highly reactive and so becomes stable and non toxic to plants and animals in any ecosystem. Releasing bleach into the sewage allows it into our bodies of water where it could be harmful to aquatic life.
Bleach takes years to biodegrate. It has already contributed to the decrease of fish and species of birds surrounding the great lakes The label of Purex claims it is effective against staphylococcus and streptococcus bacteria, Influenza A and B viruses and athletes foot fungus. However, it must also be noted that the label also mentions that the surface must be cleaned prior to using Purex. Risk Benefit does not biodegrate easily.
harmful to your body if injested, inhaled, or exposed to skin or eyes for long periods of time
toxic fumes are harmful to the environment
very risky mixing cleaners in the home or at a facility Compare high levels of success in terms of percent of microbial reduction
very economical in terms of cost and amount : 1 part bleach into 4 parts water Emily Main (2009) This or That: Bleach vs. Vinegar to Kill Germs. RODALE.
Retreived October 4, 2012 from http://www.rodale.com/natural-disinfectant?page0,0
Gary E. Rodrick, Ph.D. (October, 2007). Bacterial Reduction Test on Food Surfaces. --no data--.
Retrieved October 8, 2012 from http://www.tersano.com/pdf/FLA_FoodSurfaceReport.pdf
Health Protection Agency. (2008) --no data--.
Retrieved October 4, 2012 from http://www.hpa.org.uk/webc/HPawebFile/HPAweb_
How Products are Made Volume II. (2012). MadeHow. --no data--.
Retrieved October 2, 2012 from http://www.madehow.com/Volume-2/Bleach.html
Material Safety Data Sheet. (December 2002). --no data--. Retrieved October 7, 2012 from
Wanda Olson, Donald Vesley, Marilyn Bode, Polly Dubbel and Theresa Bauer. (February 1994). Hard Surface Cleaning Performance of Six Alternative Household Cleaners Under Laboratory Conditions. (--no data--).
Retrieved October 7, 2012 from http://www.aciscience.org/docs/alternative_hard_surface_cleaners.pdf
National Center for Biotechnology Information. (n.d.) U.S. National Library of Medicine. Pub Chem. Retrieved October 7, 2012 from
MSDS sheet of 5.25% SODIUM HYPOCHLORITE SOLUTION. (household bleach). (December 2006). Sunbelt Chemicals. --no data--. Retrieved October 7 from http://www.masseywholesale.com/msds/britebleach.pdf
Roger McFadden Senior Scientist, Disinfecting the Indoor Environment: Facts About Chlorine Bleach, Quats and Other Disinfecting and Sanitizing Agents. (--no data--). Coastwide Laboratories. Retrieved October 4, 2012 from
Dr M.Ruse. (September 1998). Sodium Hypochlorite. ICPS INchem Home. Retrieved October 3, 2012 from
(due to an error in the writing of these websites, I was unable to reach these again to retrieve information)
http://pubchem.hchi.nlm.nih/gov/summary/summary.gci?cid+176#x332 The fumes from chlorinated bleach are toxic and will eventually reach the ozone layer. The predicted results of this determine that these fumes contribute to global warming increase. Chemicals are released into the air as polluants during the ventilation/ exhaust process of the creation of bleach. A cancer causing dioxin as well as mercury which can potentially harm your brain are released in the air surrounding the production plants. Because bleach doesn't biodegrate quickly, it will accumulate over time. This can also be a hazard in your home. During a study, bleach was shown to remove 4 to >6 log10 of human pathogenic microorganisms.
Bleach also had great prevention against polio virus with a reduction of approximately >3 log10 Although bleach is very effective as a disinfectant, when used in the household with any other disinfectants, it can be extremely hazardous. For example, When chlorine bleach is mixed with ammonia, a toxic chlorine gas is formed which can potentially be fatal. Bleach is one of the only regulated household cleaners by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Bleach has been proven to kill e. coli If you have any concerns, please contact the Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care. If you need to speak to a nurse, please call Telehealth Ontario Toll free : 1-866-797-0000 For general questions about your health, please call ServiceOntarioToll free : 1-866-532-3161