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Emily Hakes

on 2 October 2013

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Transcript of Adolescence

What is Adolescence?
It is a transitional stage of physical and psychological human development that generally occurs during the period from puberty to legal adulthood.
She's 13 going on 14 in November.
In the 8th grade
In student council
A squad leader in the Eagle Darlings
A typical preteen
And she LOVES hamburgers and the color purple.
Meet my sister.....Olivia
Conflicting Theories of Adolescence
There are two current theories of Adolescence:
1. Teenagers are the equivalent of a full grown animal who has lived in captivity, glimpsing freedom but not knowing when it will occur or how it will handle it. This is known as the state of great "storm and stress". Teens are thought to be confused, troubled, and highly frustrated.

2. Adolescence is a period of growth that is in no way discontinuous with the period of childhood that precedes and the period of young adulthood that follows. It is dependent of culture and it is not at all marked by storm and stress, but is a highly enjoyable time.
uses rationalization by saying "I forgot" when she doesn't do something; or when she watches a YouTube video instead of doing her homework because the video was "really funny."
Margaret Mead (1901-1978):
In her studies in the late 1920's, she saw that adolescence is a highly enjoyable time of life and not at all stressful or "marked with storm." She was the one that believed that "culture plays part in development."
Cognitive development:
At about ages 11 to 12 thinking becomes more abstract. The ability to solve problems or find solutions starts to develop.
Adolescent is more analytical and is able to retain more information than a younger child.
They start to use rationalization:
The process whereby an individual seeks to explain an often unpleasant emotion or behavior in a way that will preserve his or her self-esteem.
It has been found that cognitive development is different in other nations, depending on their amount of available knowledge.
Can as well depend on changes in personality and social interactions
They are more idealistic; they tend to fantasize the impossible and are most often unrealistic.
Problems that develop from immaturity
Dr. David Elkind (1984) described that the following can occur from immaturity and abstract thought processes:
Most commonly associated with the teenage years
There are several different theories of Adolescence.
Robert Havighurst (1972):
believed that all adolescents face challenges in the form of developmental tasks that must be mastered.
G. Stanley Hall (1904):
Believed that adolescence is a state of great "storm and stress."
Finding fault with authority figures
Apparent hypocrisy
can be indecisive, self- conscious and argumentative but that is some what common among others her age.
Cliques and Conformity
A clique is a small and exclusive group of people within a larger group.
usually is the means in which an adolescent defines his or her self
can do so by helping the individual achieve self- confidence, develop sense of independence from family, clarify values, and experiment with new roles.
Conformity is acting in accordance with some specified authority
For example "Mean Girls"
Can most often lead to over consciousness and insecurity
Difficulties of Adolescence
Depression and Suicide:
Eating Disorders:
More widespread that adults may think
One major cause is the loss of a loved one through separation, family relocation, divorce, or death.
May experience grief, guilt, panic, and anger as a reaction and depression may bloom if they are unable to express these feelings in a supportive environment.
Communication is the key.
Anorexia Nervosa- a serious eating disorder characterized by a fear of gaining weight that results in prolonged self- starvation and dramatic weight loss
stems from a distorted body image- they see themselves as over weight and fat when in truth they are underweight and thin.
Bulimia Nervosa-a serious eating disorder characterized by compulsive overeating usually followed by self-induced vomiting or abuse of laxatives.
bulimics usually do this in private.
psychologists suggest this stems from the teens need to find approval from others.
Can sometimes lead to depression anxiety and mood swings.
Some more theories...
The 4 theories about the origins of gender differences:
1.) Biological theory-
Emphasizes the role of anatomy, hormones, and brain organization.
2.) Psychoanalytical theory-
3.) Social Theory-
4.) Cognitive Theory-
The child identifies with a parent of the same gender.
Emphasizes the role of social and cognitive processes on how we perceive, organize, and use information
proposes that children acquire gender roles by interacting with their environment and thinking about those experiences.
Gender roles:
Over the years a greater percentage of women are in the work force
many women are becoming more independent, making their own living and even sometimes raising a child by themselves.
Men and women are becoming more socially equivalent, meaning they are treated no different than each other
for example men don't hold doors open for girls anymore because "they can get the doors themselves."
My sister is half and half when it comes to the gender stereotypes and gender roles
She is capable of taking care of herself and wishes to have her own dance studio and business in the future and is not a total "girly girl", but she still fits in the category of the stereotypical girl.
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