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Assumptions of Social Exchange Theory

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Courtney Underwood

on 18 September 2014

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Transcript of Assumptions of Social Exchange Theory

Assumptions of Social Exchange Theory
Vitalyzed TV: Gold Digger Prank
Evaluating a Relationship
Game Theory: Gin Rummy
Exchange Patterns: SET in Action
Social Exchange Theory
Worth= Rewards - Costs
Given Matrix
Roderick's Game
Exchange Structures
Friends: Social Exchange Theory
Human seek rewards and avoid punishments.
Humans are rational beings.
The standards that humans use to evaluate costs and rewards vary over time and from person to person.
About Human Nature
About the Nature of Relationships
Relationships are interdependent.
Relational life is a process.
Social exchange includes "both a notion of a relationship, and some notion of a shared obligation in which both parties perceive responsibilities to each other".
Comparison Level (CL):
a standard for what a person thinks he or she should get in a relationship
Comparison Level for Alternatives (CLalt):
how people evaluate a relationship based on what their alternatives to the relationship are
Behavioral Sequences: a series of actions designed to achieve a goal
As Thibaut and Kelley note in Game Theory, when people engage in these behavioral sequences they are dependent to some extent on cooperation from a partner is required.
The interdependence in such a game as gin rummy,brings up the concept of power (the degree of dependence a person has on another for outcomes).
There are two types of power in Thibaut and Kelley's theory: fate control and behavior control.
Fate Control: the ability to affect a partner's outcomes
Behavior Control: the power to change another's behavior
Roderick Galloway, Jimmy Pinakidis, Courtney Underwood
The constraints on your choices due to the environment an/or your own skill levels.
Effective Matrix:
the transformations you are able to make to your given matrix, by learning a new skill, for example
Dispositional Matrix:
represents the way two people believe that rewards ought to be exchanged between them
The given matrix represents the behavioral choices and outcomes that are determined by a combination of external factors (the environment) and internal factors (the specific skills each person possesses).
People may be restricted by a given matrix, but they are not trapped by it. They can overcome the given matrix through the effective matrix or the dispositional matrix.
An exchange where two people reciprocate costs and rewards
An exchange where reciprocation involves the social network and isn't confined to two individuals
An exchange where both partners incur costs and benefits simultaneously
Communication Tradition
Communication Context
Intrapersonal/ Interpersonal
Approach to Knowing
Positivistic/ Empirical
Full transcript