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Transcript of Internet History
Timeline By: Paula Diaz The internet is something so big that it has not only changed out everyday lives, but has become a part of our modern-day culture. The internet...where was it "born"? It's "birth" took place in 1957 when the USSR launched its first artificial earth satellite. In response to the launching of the Sputnik the USA formed the Advanced Research Projects Agency; also known as ARPA within the Department of Defense to establish science and technology for military use. 1962-Paul Baran of the RAND Corporation, which is a governement agency, was commissioned by the U.S. Air Force to do a study on how the military could maintain its command and control over its missiles and bombers after a nuclear attack. The point of his research was to see if in case any U.S cities were attacked without warning the miliraey could still have control of nuclear arms for a counter-attack. Baran's finished research document described several ways to accomplish the military's wish. His final proposal was a packet switched network. In 1968 ARPA was awarded the APANET contract to BBN (Bolt, Beranek and Newman, Inc.). In 1969 BBN constructed the physical network which linked four nodes: University of California at Los Angeles, SRI, University of California at Santa Barbara, and University of Utah. 1972:
The first e-mail program was created by Ray Tomlinson of BBN.
ARPA was renamed the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency(DARPA).
In 1973 a new protocol was developed by a group headed by Vinton Cerf from Stanford and Bob Kahn from DARPA. The purpose of the protocol was to allow diverse computer networks to interconnet and communicate with each other. 1974- the first use of the term internet was used in Transmission Control Protocol by Vint Cerf and Bob Kahn 1976:
Dr. Robert M. Metcalfe develops Ethernet.
Packet satellite project went into use. SATNET(Atlantic packets satellite network) was born. Network linked U.S. with Europe.
UUCP (Unix-to- Unix- CoPy) developed at AT&T Bell Labs and distributed with UNIX oe year later.
Department of Defense began to experiment with the TCP/IP protocol and soon decided to require it for use on ARPANET. In 1979 the USENET(the decentralized news group network) was created by Steve Bellovin. Based on UUCP.
Creation of BITNET(Because its Time Network), by IBM introduced the "store and forward" network. In 1981 the National Science Foundation created backbone called CSNET 56 Kbps network for institutions without access to ARPANET. Vinton Cerf proposed a plan for an inter-network connection between CSNET and the ARPANET. 1983:
Internet Activities Board created.
On January 1st of this year, every machine connected to ARPANET had to use TCP/IP. (TCP/IP became the core Internet protocol and replaced NCP entirely.)
University of Wisconsin created Domain Name System. This ,ade it easier for people to access other servers.
In 1984 ARPANET was divided into two networks known ask, MILNET and ARPANET. MILNET's sole purpose was to serve the needs of the military and ARPANET to support the advanced research component. 1985- National Science Foundation began developing its new T1 lines. 1986- Internet Engineering Task Force(IETF) created to serve as forum for technical coordination. In 1987 BITNET and CSNET merged to form the Corporation for Research and Educational Networking (CREN), another work of the National Science Foundation. 1990-
Merit, IBM and MCI formed non-profit corporation called ANS(Advanced Network & Services) to conduct research on high speed networking.
Tim Berners-Lee and CERN in Geneva implemented hypertect to provide information access to members of the international high- energy physics community. In 1991 CSNET was discontinued. In that same year NSF established the National Research and Education Network with the purpose of conducting high speed networking research. 1992:
Internet Society chartered.
World-Wide Web released by CERN. 1993:
InternNIC created by NSF to provide drectory and database services, registration services and information services. In 1994 more networks were added to the NSF backbone. The first cyberbank opened and Pizza Hut offers pizza ordering on its Web page. 1995:
National Science Foundation announced that as of April 30,1995 it would no longer allow direct acces to the NSF backbone. Instead, it contracted four companies that would be providers of acces to the backbone. Now the connections would be sold to groups, organizations, and companies.
$50 annual fee was put on domains; not including .edu and .gov which are funded by the National Science Foundation. 1996:
Internet Society which controls the internet researches new TCP/IP technologythat would be able to have more than about 4.3 billion addresses currently available. Problem arises, researchers aren't sure if both the old and new addressing systems will be able to work at the same time during a transition period. 1999 Wi-fi was established. In 2005 multi-touch technology begins to appear in handheld advices, tablet computers, and net books. December 2009 the first multi-touch website is reported. The end!