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HIV/AIDS

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by

Cleo Kilpatrick

on 8 November 2013

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Transcript of HIV/AIDS

HIV/AIDS
Imagine...
Watching your friends or family fall victim to a mysterious illness. The doctors don't know what it is. Then receiving a baffling diagnosis of an uncommon pneumonia. Later attending a funeral, bouquet in hand. Why did they die? And then one night, waking up at an ungodly hour, drenched in a cold sweat and unable to catch your breath. The next day, going to the doctor and finding out what AIDS is. And that you have it.
HIV.
Human immunodefi
ciency virus (HIV) is really quite t
errifying. It weakens and destroys an i
nfected person's immune system. Ima
gine falling victim to a cancer wit
hout a treatment or cure, unable to acces
s it even if you could afford it.
For many people living with HIV or AIDS, th
is is a reality. The virus is sp
read by direct unprotected contact with in
fected bodily fluids. There is n
o need to be afraid of getting HIV if, say
, an HIV-positive
family member comes over and coughs.
The virus uses CD4 lymphocytes, or T-cells, of the immune system to replicate itself. When the HIV cells overtake and outnumber the T-cells, the HIV infection progresses to AIDS. It's a long time (around ten years) before any real trouble begins, but the initial infection begins with flu-like symptoms. That isn't much cause for alarm. Everyone gets the flu, right? Except this is not the flu.
You know you've heard of it. You might not even know what it is. But over thirty-three million people worldwide know about it firsthand.
= Estimated twenty-three million.
How Does HIV Work?
AIDS.
AIDS is the final stage of HIV. It stands for acquired immune deficiency syndrome. That means that the HIV infection has progressed within the individual to a point where the immune system no longer protects said person from other diseases. The demolition of the immune system is complete. AIDS leaves the infected like abandoned houses: wasting away and unable to control the pests that may saunter in.
Risk Factors Include:
using intravenous drugs
haemophilia/blood transfusions
infected blood entering an open wound
having a baby while infected with HIV
unprotected sex
Darker Colour = Higher Prevalence of HIV/AIDS
Where?
The AIDS epidemic is a global issue. The highest concentration of HIV/AIDS infections is in Sub-Saharan Africa. It affects people all over the world, from the streets of Toronto to the big cities of the USA to villages in Europe and everywhere in between. Fifteen million children worldwide have been orphaned due to HIV or AIDS.
It is not something that happens solely to gays or Africans or heroin users. It DOES affect straight white people. It happens to the unfortunate, the people who live where they are not warned of the impacts of risky behaviours or the people who may lose control. People, every-day, ordinary people can make one mistake and HIV takes its hold, a pesky thing that does not release its grip till the infected individual lies in the cold grasp of death.
Who?
WE MUST
THE STIGMAS.
Websites Used:
Books Used:
The Merck Manual Of Medical Information, Second Home Edition
http://go.grolier.com
http://stephenlewisfoundation.org
http://globalissues.org/article/219/aids-around-the-world#ScaleoftheAIDSEpidemic
http://www.vital.co.za/cms/article/hivaids-asocial-issue/
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_AIDS
www.avert.org/origin-aids-hiv.htm
Now It's Time For The Boring Part!
Ways To Help.
There are many ways to raise awareness for this disease. One way is donating money to research organizations trying to devise a cure, or those who help support and provide care for people with HIV/AIDS who can't otherwise get help, like the Stephen Lewis Foundation. Another is to avoid stereotyping those with AIDS, or the groups generally associated with the virus.
The virus that causes HIV in humans is thought to have originated from a species of West African chimpanzee. The epidemic officially began in 1981 after strains of pneumonia and cancer (not normally seen in healthy, young people) were seen in homosexual men, and several cases of death related to immune failure prior to that.
"And The Band Played On" is a book by San Francisco man, Randy Shilts, chronicling the emergence and spread of the AIDS epidemic in the early '80s. Shilts places emphasis on the government's indifference to AIDS when it was thought to be a specifically gay disease. Shilts himself later declared that he was gay, and wrote it because 'It was happening to the people I cared about and loved.' He died of complications due to AIDS in 1994.
And The Band Played On.
FEAR
IGNORANCE
Factors Of AIDS
POVERTY
creates conditions for disease to thrive and spread
people are not warned about negative impacts of dangerous behaviors
people cannot afford treatment
people are afraid of things they do not know about
people may stereotype if they do not know the facts about an issue
people become careless/reckless in actions and provide means for HIV to spread
people may be mean to those with HIV because they are afraid of getting the disease
they don't learn the facts and assume
(incorrect)
things
people may not help due to fear of the groups of people with HIV
ie. Homophobia
But...
...AIDS is changing...
People with AIDS are often discriminated and prejudiced. They may be thought to be promiscuous, drug-abusing, homosexual or bisexual people with no good in them, and mistreated because of it.
The Stigmas
That's not right. No one deserves to be ostracized because of their sexual orientation or partners, or ANYTHING. Do NOT judge people unless you work in a court and bang a little hammer. Other people do the same things people with AIDS have done and they aren't as harshly judged. It is an illness, not something that destroys a person's character. It is just not right.
The Three H's
homosexual
heroin user
haemophiliac
HIV does NOT spread something like a hug, but people are afraid of contracting the disease and may deny an infected individual love and compassion because of that.
...despite the odds not being in favour of those with AIDS...
What Is HIV/AIDS?
How It Started
THAT is why AIDS is a social justice issue.
Thank you for paying attention to my Prezi and this social issue.
Full transcript