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Health HW

shanise liang

on 7 November 2012

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Transcript of Cirrhosis

By: Shanise Liang 8D Cirrhosis How is it treated? What are the risk factors? Jaundice: As the tube draining bile from your liver blocks, bilirubin (a substance in bile) enters the blood, causing jaundice (yellow staining of your skin and whites of your eyes), resulting in severe itching. What are the effects? How can it be prevented? Cirrhosis is extensive scarring in the liver caused by long-term damage. What is Cirrhosis? - Chronic Alcohol Abuse: As little as two drinks per day for women or four drinks per day for men, ingested over 10 years or more, can cause cirrhosis.

- Unprotected Intercourse: Hepatitis B and C infections are easily transmitted through unprotected sexual intercourse.

- Intravenous Drug Use: Hepatitis B and C transmission is also common through intravenous drug use.

- Inherited or acquired chronic liver disease: Hemochromatosis and autoimmune hepatitis are strong risk factors for cirrhosis. Vessel Changes: Because the liver vessels are blocked, blood backs up, causing increased pressure in veins. Also...

Skin & General Changes Strict alcohol avoidance is necessary in alcoholics. Avoid medications or drugs that are toxic to the liver, such as acetaminophen (Tylenol). Bleeding in the esophagus is a medical emergency that requires immediate treatment with endoscopy or intravenous medications. Patients with hepatic encephalopathy may benefit from lactulose. Patients with ascites can manage their condition with sodium restriction, diuretics, and antibiotics. All patients with cirrhosis require regular screening for the development of liver cancer. This can be done by blood tests and ultrasound. Ultimately, liver transplantation is the only potential cure. However, transplantation is contraindicated in patients who continue to use alcohol or drugs. THE END - See your doctor for treatment of your liver disease. Many of the causes of cirrhosis are treatable, and early treatment may prevent cirrhosis.

- Follow a healthy lifestyle, eat a healthy diet, and stay active.

- Try to keep your weight in the normal range. Being overweight can make several liver diseases worse

- See "BMI Calculator" to see if your weight is within a healthy range. This damage is caused by inflammation, which is a normal response to some injuries like chronic viral infection or chronic alcoholism.
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