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Transcript of EXPO
94. Other Englishes VARIETIES OF ENGLISH AUSTRALIAN ENGLISH FIXED EXPRESSIONS 84. Proverbs VARIETIES OF ENGLISH 93. US English
94. Other Englishes They are made up of two or more words, normally with hyphens between them. (-) adj / adv + past participle adj / adv / noun + present participle (gerund) cold-blooded kind-hearted old-fashioned open-minded
brightly-lit deeply-rooted densely-populated well-behaved good-looking hard-wearing free-standing
far-reaching long-lasting never-ending
labour-saving mouth-watering record-breaking Describe personal appearance. Person's character Describe personal appearance.
Person's character Tom is a curly-haired, sun-tanned, blue-eyed, rosy-cheeked, thin-lipped, broad-shouldered, left-handed, slim-hipped, long-legged, flat-footed young man, wearing an open-necked shirt, brand-new, tight-fitting jeans and open-toed sandals. adj / adv + past participle Melissa was absent-minded [forgetful], easy-going [relaxed], good-tempered [cheerful], warm-hearted [kind] and quick-witted [intelligent] if perhaps a little big-headed [proud of herself], two-faced [hypocritical], self-centered [egotistical] and stuck-up [snobbish (colloquial)] at times. Another group of compound adjectives has a preposition in its second part. adj / adv + preposition The workers’ declaration of an all-out strike forced management to improve condition.
Once there were field here but now it’s a totally built-up.
That student’s parents are very well-off but they don’t give him much money and he is always complaining of being hard-up.
I love these shoes and, although they’re worn-out, I can’t throw them away.
This area was once prosperous but it now looks very run-down. TOLEARNENGLISH
http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/viewgame.asp?id=5067 Proverbs are short and pithy sayings that express some traditionally held truth. They are usually metaphorical and often, for the sake of memorability, alliterative, useful and enjoyable to know and understand, but should be used with care. Where there's a will there's a way
When a person really wants to do something, he will find a way of doing it. KEY ELEMENTS Proverbs can be grouped in animals and birds. A cat may look at a king An inferior isn't completely restricted in what they may do in the presence of a superior. The Proverbs And Epigrams Of John Heywood, 1562. Warning / Advice /Morals - do's and don'ts. Proverbs are used to: While you live, tell truth and shame the Devil!
Tell the truth, even when tempted to lie. Don't count your chickens before they are hatched.
Don't be hasty in evaluating one's assets. Give a man a fish, and you feed him for a day; show him how to catch fish, and you feed him for a lifetime.
A proverbial saying which suggests that the ability to work is of greater benefit than a one-off handout. Those of similar taste congregate in groups. In 1545, William Turner used a version of it in his papist satire The Rescuing of Romish Fox:
"Byrdes of on kynde and color flok and flye allwayes together." USA English differs considerably from British English.
Pronunciation: differences in both vowel and consonants, as well as stress and intonation
Vocabulary: differences in nouns and verbs, especially phrasal verb usage
Spelling: differences are generally found in certain prefix and suffix forms, as well as slight differences in
Grammar. American spelling is simpler. While there are certainly many more varieties of English, American English and British English are the two varieties that are taught in most ESL/EFL programs. For example: color, center; the ending is or, er British spelling is more complicated. For example: colour, centre; the ending is our, re The American spelling usually tries to correspond
more closely to proninciation. Some vocabulary examples: American English - hood
British English - bonnet
American English - trunk
British English - boot
American English - truck
British English - lorry Some examples of Prepositions: American English - on the weekend
British English - at the weekend
American English - on a team
British English - in a team
American English - please write me soon
British English - please write to me soon SCOTTISH ENGLISH INDIAN ENGLISH BLACK ENGLISH The 26th of January celebrates and commemorates the British founding of Australia when the First Fleet arrived in Sydney, Australia, in 1788.
Australian English is rich in colloquial words and expressions AUSTRALIAN ENGLISH INDIAN ENGLISH "There are many Indian English-es."
Some varieties of English are: Mojave English
Tohono O'odham English
Inupiaq English. Indians speak British Engish, but it sounds more formal.
English has been with India since the early 1600's, when the East India Company started trading and English missionaries first began their efforts. A large number of Christian schools imparting an English education were set up by the early 1800's. The process of producing English-knowing bilinguals in India began with the Minute of 1835 SCOTTISH ENGLISH What does a Guju have for breakfast?
What does an eighties Guju wear?
Foos nu pant and smace nu shirt. (F'us pants and a Smash shirt)
What does a nineties Guju wear?
Jins jicket, low loacket.
Comb in bayck poaket, and goagles on eye soaket.
(Jeans jacket, love locket, comb in back pocket, and goggles on eye socket) Scotland's official language is English. It is spoken with a unique Scottish accent, or "burr," that is especially prominent in words containing "r" sounds. Scottish English (also called Scots) contains words borrowed from Gaelic (a Scottish dialect), French, Dutch, and Scandinavian languages.
Scottish English uses a number of special dialectic words. Some of the more common of these are worth learning. HAVING FUN WITH ENGLISH Indian English speakers play around with the language as much as any other group. The voice of Black America, has been variously labeled Black English, Black Dialect, Black Idiom, African American Vernacular English or recently Ebonics
Black Dialect is an Africanized form of English reflecting Black Americans linguistic-cultural ties to their African Heritage.
Linguistic interference is typically labeled as a pidgin or Creole language.
Pidgin English-a language of transaction attempt to fit the words and sounds of the new language into the basic idiomatic mold and structure of their native tongue.
Creole - a language that develops from a pidgin with expanded grammar, vocabulary and functions as a native language.
An example of a Creole language with West African and English features is Gullah.
Gullah has been identified as a legitimate Creole language. BLACK ENGLISH Black English Vocabulary to cop = to steal
dude = guy
get over = chance for a robbery
score = hold up
the deal goes down = the crime is comitted
to cut s.o. = to hurt s.o. with a knife
hood = ghetto neighborhood
to be down = to be willing to join
badge = policeman
to cop some z’s = to secretly take a nap
to diss = to insult
a heavy = a 10 year prison term
to take a hit on = to take a certain amount of s.th.
crank = drugs
to light s.o up = to shoot s.o.
to muscle = to attack
to drop a dime on s.o.= to report s.o. to the police
to get busted on a humble = to be arrestet on a small charge
to cop rocks = to bye cocaine
bourgie = middle-classe
crack = a type of cocain
crap = nonsense
to be cooked = to have no chance
joit = prison COMPOUND ADJECTIVES
https://netfiles.uiuc.edu/jlandrum/www/BlkEng.html For more information you can visit the next web sites.: INGLÉS III.
CINTHYA BELEM ORTÍZ HERNANDEZ. 19 DE DICIEMBRE DEL 2012.