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Aboriginal People in Canada

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Lily Lau

on 11 June 2014

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Transcript of Aboriginal People in Canada

Based on Jim Harvey's speech structures
Aboriginal People in Canada
© http://thechildrenremembered.ca/photos/?id=1121
Image of : Edmonton Indian Residential School
Red Deer Industrial Institute in Alberta
Residential Schools
Stereotypes on aboriginals in Canada.
What is a stereotype?

• A generalized perception of first
• Judging with the eyes/criticizing ones
outer appearance
• A conventional and oversimplified
conception, opinion, or image
• Forms of social consensus rather
than individual judgments
• Negative and positive stereotypes

A few negative stereotypes on Aboriginal people:

• Considered as loving alcohol (alcoholics)
• Considered lazy
• Many people think aboriginals are supposed to look like this:

Positive stereotypes:

• Animal lovers, tree-huggers, and sun worshipers.
• Love nature; likes taking care of the environment/earth
• Some traditional dancing and storytelling is a big part
->They love rain dancing.

Black tribe, yellow tribe, red, white or brown,
From where the sun jumps up to where it goes down,
Herrs and pukka-sahibs, demoiselles and squaws,
All one family, so why make wars ?
They're not interested in brumby runs,
We don't hanker after Midnight Suns;
I'm for all humankind, not colour gibes;
I'm international, and never mind tribes.

Black, white or brown race, yellow race or red,
From the torrid equator to the ice-fields spread,
Monsieurs and senors, lubras and fraus,
All one family, so why family row?
We're not interested in their igloos,
They're not mad about kangaroos;
I'm international, never mind place;
I'm for humanity , all one race.
By:Oodgeroo Nunuccal
Aboriginal Land Claims
What are Aboriginal land claims?
demand for the land which was taken from them
Comprehensive land claims
give Aboriginals rights to the land and resources
Specific land claims
deal with the violation of treaties
Why did Europeans take their land?
What are residential schools?
Where have land claims taken place?
Yukon Territory
Northwest Territory
Northern parts of some provinces
Land claims in Canada, 2008
Have land claims been successful?
-right to govern themselves
-granted hunting land
-right to operate their own schools/hospitals
-given money for the land

Discrimination today
• Suffering more than the Canadian Community
• Face the highest level of poverty
• Many diseases and violence actions
• Canada had way to many stereotypes
• Since racism started along time ago, younger people these days pick up from the older generation.
• Racism is literally running in our bones/blood

How did Aboriginals lose their land?
when signing treaties, they did not understand the terms of the agreement
they were bribed
land was illegally taken from them
Where aboriginal children were sent to.
Europeans wanted to change them
Forced to go.
What were the schools like? What conditions did the kids have to go through?
Schools run like military camps
Had bad physical conditions.
Had to work alot,
Many kids got sick.
Learned math, english and geography
What forms of discrimination and abuse took place there?
Weren't allowed to wear their own clothes
Couldn't speak their language
They were punished
When did the others acknowledge the crimes that happened there? What did they do?
Aboriginals protested to the government
1969 decided to close down schools
1998, the government issued a statement of reconciliation
Aboriginal Healing Foundation

What Subjects did they teach at Residential Schools?
What are 3 positive stereotypes ?
What kind of things were the Aboriginals bribed with ?
Name one residential school in Canada
How many tracts of land have been granted to the First Nations People to begin with?
What is one way European settlers took the Aboriginals' land?
What is the largest reserve that the First Nations people have been given?
Aboriginals were bribed with things like:
Aboriginal Land Claims
Aboriginal Land Claims
1. They did not understand the terms which they were agreeing to by signing the treaties.

2. They were given things (ex. money) for pieces of land.

3. Land was illegally taken from them
From the presentation, Edmonton Indian Residential School and Red Deer Industrial Insitute.
Where Aboriginal children were sent to, so Europeans could change how the aboriginals lived.
Residential schools
Aboriginal Stereotypes
Residential Schools
1. Animal Lovers
2. Tree Huggers
3.Traditional Dancing
One big thing that causes discrimination?
Typical Native Indian Reserve
What is a reserve?
In Canada, an Native Indian reserve is specified by the Indian Act as a tract of land. The legal title to which is vested in Her Majesty, that has been set apart by Her Majesty for the use and benefit of a tribe or group.
Why tribes given these large tracts of land?
The tribes have broad and general powers of government within reservation areas, although there are limitations imposed by the federal government. Reservations are generally independent, and Indian trust land is not subject to state and local taxes.

Most policies have failed; meaning as is evident from the continued high poverty rates on most reservations. Therefore, they are given the land to freely conduct their diverse practices.

Who are the in charge of the legal aspects of this?
One band Chief and Council commonly administer a certain amount of people, or tribes.

In 1867, legislative jurisdiction over "Indians and Lands reserved for the Indians" was assigned to the Parliament of Canada.
Through the Constitution Act, 1867.
Acknowledged that First Nations had special status.

Requirements to live on a reserve..
If you are First Nations person with a registered status under the "Indian Act and Off-Reserve Nations People", you are eligible to live on a reserve.
Biggest Reserve?
Navaho Nation
Navaho Nation
278 000 tracts of land.
Full transcript