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Personal Hajj E-Guide

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by

Huda Ali

on 31 December 2014

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Transcript of Personal Hajj E-Guide

Personal Hajj E-Guide
Methodology used for collecting requirements

Outline
PROJECT OVERVIEW
Background
Motivations
Problem statement
Scope of the project
Design process

Figure 2.1. Important Locations and Rites of the Hajj
Alternative Solutions/Approaches
SYSTEM DESIGN
Application Architecture Design
Prototype

1.Introduction
2.PROJECT OVERVIEW
3.RELATED WORK
4.REQUIREMENT ANALYSIS
5.ALTERNATIVE SOLUTIONS/APPROACHES
6.PROCESS ANALYSIS
7.SYSTEM DESIGN
8.PROJECT TOOLS AND TECHNIQUES

PROCESS ANALYSIS
Data Flow Diagram (DFD)
Algorithms

Application Architecture Design
Prototype
PROJECT TOOLS AND TECHNIQUES
Tools And Techniques Used During Project Proposal
Tools And Techniques To Be Used During Project Implementation
Figure 2.2. Waterfall model


Design process

by
Fatimah Suhayb A. Al-Jaafari (211503165)
Huda Ali H. Khaloofi (211507737)
Latifah Fuad A. Al-Joghiman (211512672)

RELATED WORK
GPS Navigation & Maps
Sygic
REQUIREMENT ANALYSIS
Observation Survey
Project Requirements

REQUIREMENT ANALYSIS
Various Location Techniques
Alternative Solutions
Indoor and Outdoor Positioning:
Figure 5.1. Illustration of Outdoor positioning Use Cases
Figure 5.2. Illustration of Indoor positioning Use Cases
1- Global Positioning System (GPS)
The Global Positioning System (GPS) is a satellite based navigation system that can be used to locate positions anywhere on earth
.

• To determine position locations
• To navigate from one location to another
• To create digitized maps
• To determine distance between two points or how far you are from another location.

What is GPS
GPS Elements
How GPS Work
Strengths &Weaknesses
GPS is used in a variety of ways
The three segments of GPS are
the space
control
user
Figure 5.3. Three Segments of GPS
Figure 5.4. How GPS Work
Strengths:
self calibrating
doesn't require a laboratory
The technology is relatively small
currently no charge to use the signal

Weaknesses:
Very power hungry
Unable to work indoors
Can be affected by large buildings

2- WIFI
Wi-Fi Positioning System (WPS) is a term pioneered by Skyhook Wireless to describe its Wi-Fi-based location system.
What is WIFI

WPS does not work when out of range of Wi-Fi signals, and the Wi-Fi hotspots database must be constantly updated to keep up with Wi-Fi hotspot changes.

Figure 5.6. Use Case hierarchy of WiFi
Positioning
Limitations
3.IBeacon Bluetooth
“iBeacons” is the name Apple chose for a particular technology that allows Mobile Apps (running on millions of recent iPhones, iPads, etc.) to know how close they are to tiny, low-cost, wireless transmitters called “hardware iBeacons” (or just “iBeacons”).
What is IBeacon Bluetooth
How iBeacons technology works
Figure 5.10. Ibeacons Use Cases
Strengths & Weaknesses


Weakness:
The specification is created and owned by Apple.
The possibilities for BLE is much greater than iBeacon offers.
The iBeacon themselves require installation in the physical locations.
Strengths:
There is a clear demarcation of the BLE protocol and how it can be used to trigger interactions in places
IBeacons are good hardware to deploy as they promise long battery life and thus little maintenance.
4-Zigbee
ZigBee technology can help you implement a low-cost, low-power location monitoring system for indoor environments
Figure 5.11. ZigBee and its uses
What is Zigbee
Zigbee elements
Figure 5.12. ZigBee WPAN
How Zigbee work
ZigBee devices can form PAN using: star, cluster tree or mesh topology. Multi network coordinators can be linked together to form a large network to control up to 65536 devices. Advanced encryption standards (AES) will enable highly secure networks and applications.
Advantages and disadvantages
Low power consumption, simply implemented.
Users expect batteries to last many months to years! Consider that a typical single family house has about 6 smoke/CO detectors. If the batteries for each one only lasted six months, the home owner would be replacing batteries every month.
ZigBee/IEEE 802.15.4 has active (transmit/receive) or sleep.
Even mains powered equipment needs to be conscious of energy.

Advantages :
Disadvantages:
Not many end devices available yet.
Replacement with ZigBee compliant appliances can be costly.
Highly risky to be used for official private information.

Data Flow Diagram (DFD)
Algorithms
Tawaf Rounds Algorithm
Saee Algorithm
Figure 7.1. System Architecture
Tools and Techniques Used During Project Proposal

Tools and Techniques to Be Used During Project Implementation
CONCLUSION
Full transcript