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Transcript of Confucianism
Born in Qufu, Zhou Dynasty, China
Was a Chinese Teacher, Politician, and Philosopher
Traveled with a group of disciples
Considered himself to be a failure
Wanted to be an adviser to a powerful ruler
Confucius said heaven and the afterlife were beyond human capacity to understand, and people should concentrate on doing the right things instead. Confucianism emphasized education so that the government would be lead by moral virtue.
Live by The Five Virtues :
-Shu- reciprocity, altruism, consideration for others
-Li- good manners, politeness, ceremony, worship
-Ren- benevolence, charity, and humanity
-Zhong- conscientiousness, loyalty
-Yi- honesty and uprightness
Being around positive people to become positive Some key terms associated with Confucianism, are Ru jia, the Four Books & Five Classics, li, ren, qi, Kongzi, and sage. Key Terms Continued Ru jia: is description abot Confucianism, it is translated "School of the Learned". Four Books and Five Classics: The Classics are the Documents, Spring and Autumn Annals, Odes, Rites, and Changes. The Four Books are The Great Learning, the Doctrine of Mean, The Analects, and Mencius. These make up the canon of Confucianism. Li: it represents ritual, purity, sincerity, and harmony. Ren: refers to humanity or human nature. Qi: is tied closely li and it means principle. Kongzi: the western term known as Confucianism. Sage: canonical stories that said that they were super beings, because they understood the Way, to the foundation of humanity. Strengths and Weaknesses The best thing that Confucianism taught, was that moral virtue was more important than noble blood. Balance, as in yin and yang, is also a strong belief held by the faith. Another strength is that Confucius believed that people, if wanting to do something, they should do it right or the proper way. Confucianism focuses on ethical relationships and moral teaching about life. THE FOUR BOOKS
The Analects: A collection of discussions between Confucius and his disciples dived into 20 chapters.
The Doctrine of the mean: A 33 chapter book used to demonstrate the usefulness of the golden way to gain perfect virtue.
The Great Learning: A collection of writing divided into nine chapters sometimes thought of as the fundamental introduction to Confucianism that expresses many themes of Chinese philosophy and political thinking
The Holy Mencius: A book of conversations between Mencius and the kings of his time that is generally considered the orthodox version of Confucianism. Sacred Texts THE FIVE CLASSICS
The Classics of Rites: The book of rites describes ancient rites such as the rites of families, social forms, court ceremonies, and notes on the state
The Classic of Poetry: A collection of poems divided into folk songs, hymns, eulogies, and ceremonial songs sang at sacrifices to gods
The Classics of Document: A collection of official speeches and documents written by the rulers of the Zhou period.
The Classics of Annuls: Historical records of state affairs that occurred in the kingdom of Lou where Confucius worked
The Classic of Change: Divination systems to gain insight into a question or situation. Practices Confucianism focuses on the ethical and moral aspects of life
Practicing Confucianism is based on the way you act.
Some examples would be:
Taking care of elderly parents
Avoiding extreme emotion or actions
Being considerate to others
Helping the poor
Assuming personal responsibility
Since Confucianism doesn't have all the aspects of a religion, many people follow the practices of other religions with the teachings of Confucianism The weakness of Buddhism, is that they do not explain how or where the universe, Talhafa, is from The weakness of Hinduism, is their caste system which puts people in 3 groups and keep them apart from each other. Interesting Facts The weakness of legalism, is their belief in severe punishments and laws. They did not fully understand it, yet they still believe in it. Confucius was a husband and father of three children.
He was a teacher and leader of chinese life, but inspired Japanese, Koreans, and other people around the world.
Mengzi was Confucius' most famous disciple
His students spread his teachings throughout China The weakness of Daoism or Taoism, is that its beliefs and principles, are hard to do in every day life. If literally followed, they would not want a government or anything, but to be one with nature. The god of Confucianism is Confucius also known as Kung Fuzi (Master Kung) After Confucius died, his followers recorded many of his teachings. Later, became the primary sources of Confucian doctrine . Confucianism today is more of a philosophy than a religion. It is generally viewed as guidelines to living your life. It provided China with the fundamental principles of government.