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Fantasy Unit

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on 19 April 2017

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Transcript of Fantasy Unit

Session 1
The World of The Story
Session 2
Learning alongside the main characters
Session 2.5
The complicated emotional lives of characters in fantasy.
Session 3
Plot lines and Problems Begin to Multiply
Fantasy Unit
Reasons to Read Fantasy
1. The stories are EXTRAORDINARY!

2. You are studying the human condition.

3. It is a powerful type of reading that you will
use with all genres and texts you read!
Teaching Point
Today we are going to learn to ask
"What kind of place is this?" and look for clues about the time period and magical elements to answer it. We will even use the covers, blurbs and details from the first chapter we read.
The Types of Fantasy Settings
Medieval Worlds:
swords, castles, dragons, horses, etc.
Ex: Lord of the Rings, Chronicles of Narnia

Futuristic Worlds:
spacecrafts, intergalactic travel, advanced technology
Ex: The Hunger Games

The Ordinary World:
blending of the world we know with magical elements
Ex: Harry Potter
Fantasy Clips
Demo:
Paper Bag Princess
Paper Bag Princess
Look carefully at the cover.
Look to see if there is a blurb.
Look carefully at the back cover.
Look to see if there is a blurb.
Look inside the story.
Look at the pictures and read the words on the first page.
Look carefully at the cover.
Look to see if there is a blurb.
Look carefully at the back cover.
Look to see if there is a blurb.
Look inside the story.
Look at the pictures and read the words on the first page.
Try this with
The Thief of Always
Connection
Storytime:

A lot of stories begin with the character as an outsider. We learn about the new world and experiences at the same time the main character does.
When a character asks a question: PAY ATTENTION! You will be learning something too!
Ex: Harry Potter and Dumbledore
Today's Teaching Point
Today we are going to learn that complicated stories such as fantasy novels, main characters often begin without a lot of knowledge and they have a major learning curve.
New and unfamiliar events/settings teach the character and US!
When the character is told important information or ask questions about the experiences they are learning just like US!
Teaching: When your character is confused and so are you!!!
Most often in fantasy novels the
characters are outsiders
:
Examples:
Harry doesn't know much magic or about Hogwarts
Lucy doesn't know much at the beginning about Narnia
Wiglaf doesn't know much about the Dragon Slayer's Academy
Percy doesn't know why he is so much different than the other students

Characters go to new places as they embark on
quests
and
journeys
.


Try not to get frustrated because you don't know what is going on but recognize your confusion and be EXTRA ALERT to moments when the character asks questions.
Here is an example of how to learn
alongside a character!
Read from Chapter 3 of
The Thief of Always
.
Try it together with Chapter 4 of The Thief of Always
Be on the lookout for these
CLUES
that
ALERT
you to
LISTEN UP
and
LEARN
!
The character asks:
Direct Questions
The character receives an
EXPLANATION
The character has an
UNFAMILIAR

EXPERIENCE
Connection
Human nature involves complex emotions!
Ex:) A day in Mrs. Dougherty's life
Think of Kek
Today's Teaching Point
Today we will learn that in fantasy stories, our characters experience more complex emotions than in other fiction.
Magic happens in unfamiliar settings causing complicated feelings and emotions of the characters.
Other characters may cause the conflict for the main character.
Forces of the magical realm exerted on the character

Causes of Emotional Conflicts
Example of Emotional
Conflicts in Paper Bag
Princess
Mrs. Dougherty's Notes
About Harvey's Feelings
Connection
Problems! Problems! Problems!
Teaching Point
Today you will learn that in complicated stories there are multiple plotlines and problems.
Plotlines and Problems
Problems will be caused by other characters
All problems will not be resolved by the end of the story
Demonstration by:
The Chronicles of Narnia
Book Club
Use your researching lenses to
Session 4
Session 5
"HERE BE DRAGONS"
Connection
Carta Marina
Lenox Globe
Using your maps
In your book clubs, look at your maps and see if you can spot a sea monster, dragon or the phrase
Hic Sunt Dracones.
Teaching Point:
Today you will learn that characters face literal dragons as well as metaphorical dragons. The metaphorical dragons represent inner conflicts in the characters' lives.
Teaching Demonstration
How to find a
Characters Dragons
Ask: What might be the dragons for this character?
What haunts the character?
What obstacle does the character need to get past?
What drives the characters?
Look back on notes, charts, and timelines from the entire book.
Try this together
The Thief of Always
Character
Problem
Solution/
Change
End
Now....
It is your turn to try on your own!
Suspending Judgements - Cha
Connection
Discuss:
Everyday we meet to discuss The Lightning Thief what do we do first?
Teaching Point
Today you will learn that experienced readers (like yourselves) have a repertoire of writing about reading strategies that you use when are supporting your reading work. One way to take it further is to share with each other the different things that we write about!
How to Write to Support Our Discussions
Share what we have written on our own
Decide what to create after reading and make it together
Informal publishing of notebook pages
Looking at Each Other's Work We Learned....
... add details from the text to make predictions, inferences, summaries
... add visualizations and captions in notebook
... record questions that have not been ansered
... record lists of important details (emotions, problems, settings)
...map out the quest of the character
To Hold Onto The Story
To Deepen Our Engagement...
timeline
graphic organizer
story arc
charts:
character traits
problems
solutions
settings
quick notes about each chapter

use thought prompts
draw pictures
describe lasting images
look for symbols
quote the main character
compare stories and characters
Continuing This Work
Stop and jot when...
... you finish a chapter
... after an exciting part
... when you are learning something knew
Keep it to a quick jotting be sure not to take too much time.
Watch how I try to determine the literal and metaphorical dragons in this story. Make sure that you look for my text based evidence!
My Hypothesis is that the dragon is the metaphorical and literal dragon....
But this dragon...
I actually believe that Prince Ronald is the real dragon because he is a problem she has to overcome when he says "Come back when you look like a real princess!" She just did a lot to rescue him and he is upset about how she appears! This is the real problem in the story, the dragon ended up only being literally a dragon in the tale.
Session 6:
What is this REALLY about?
Connection
Story about a friend who views series in terms of life lessons and themes not just what they are written as.
How to determine the themes and life lessons in a fantasy novel
Ask these questions:
What is this story beginning to be about?
Is the main character learning?
Is the main character teaching?
Am I learning?
Example of Percy Jackson

Think about the things that have happened in the story so far...

What evidence is there?
If Harvey learns all of this, what is he teaching?
What is he teaching me?
Let's Try in Book Clubs
Session 4
Suspending Judgement - Characters (and places) are not always what they seem..

There is no such thing as
TRUE
good or evil
Connection
Professor Snape in Harry Potter...
... is a horrible teacher
... is incredibly cruel
... he taunts Harry
... he misjudges Harry
However...
He also protects Harry at times.
He also tries to serve Dumbledore.
This shows that he is not ALL evil
or all good.
Teaching Point
Today, you will learn that as books become more
complex
, the characters become more
complicated
. We will ask: "What can we learn about characters if we study them over time, delving deeply into their formation, motivations, and actions?"
We have to examine the entire Arc of the Story
All characters cannot be purely good or purely evil but they are nuanced.

We have to look deeply into the characters'"
strengths
flaws
motivations
Let's look at Snape Closer
You try...
Two options:
1. Look at your notes on your characters and see if you can examine them across the arc of the story

Quests Can be Internal as well as External
Session 7
Session 17
Identifying Archetypes
Teaching
Point
Today you will learn that fantasy novels have certain characteristics or patterns in their structures and character roles.
Types of Heroes
Traditional Hero
Ex: Prince Caspian
Reluctant Hero or Everyday Hero - an ordinary person who finds him or herself swept away into great events
Ex: Percy, Harry, Jared, Joe, and Arthur
Antihero - a character with several non-heroic traits
Ex: Snape
Other Character Types
Companions - people that accompany the hero on his or her quest
Example: Wendell and Lulu
Consorts - love interest of the companion
Example: Possibly Lulu
Mentor - the person who teaches the hero or helps prepare them
Example: Mrs. Griffin
Villain - often is disguised and is against the hero
Example: Mr. Hood
Connection
Tell about students who are reading different books but have a similar pattern!
Teaching Point
Today you will learn that there are patterns to the types of quests in fantasy novels as well as themes!
Quest Structures
Quests are given to heroes to journey to achieve something.
Some of the types of quests a hero can take are:
Rescuing a Captive or Sacred Object
Example: Shrek
Destroy a Villain or a Dangerous Object
Example: Harry Potter, The Lightning Thief
To escape or journey out of another world or place
Example: Chronicles of Narnia
Theme Patterns
Almost always about the struggle between good and evil. In the end good always wins!

A common theme: Characters overcome internal struggles and choose actions that are for the good of others in order for good to triumph for all.
(This involves self-sacrifice!)
Session 18
Reading Across Texts with Critical Lenses
Connection
I LOVVVEEEE the characters in The Lightning Thief.
Teaching Point
Today you will learn that you can analyze a story by looking at it through critical lenses for stereotypes and gender norms or rules.
Stereotypes
A stereotype is the way that society views or expects people to act or look.

How are the princesses from Disney creating a stereotype?

Stereotypes can really be damaging because they tell us things that are not always true.
Analyze Stereotypes
We can analyze stereotypes by looking at appearances of characters.

We can analyze stereotypes by looking at how the character acts.

List Stereotypes and Gender Norms We Know that Exist...
Boys

Girls

Apply It...
How does Lulu follow and break stereotypes and gender norms?
Ask yourself...
How does this character
Obstacle Patterns
Physical Tests
Tests strength
Mental Tests
Tests intellect
Moral Tests
Tests character
Try with The Paper Bag Princess
How was she tested physically?

How was she tested intellectually or mentally?

How was her character tests?
What to do:
Listen for the character to ask questions
Pay attention to the answers the character is given
WRITE NOTES!
Signposts of Learning Moments for Characters
Direct questions and answers
Explanations or stories
Unfamiliar experiences
https://docs.google.com/a/weissschool.org/document/d/1GVAUqDJaaamCGH-L6avbOVxib-PMEWbIRck6Z2u7SKc/edit?usp=sharing

Harvey's Quests
Thinking About External and Internal Quests

For external quests, readers think about:
A BIG problem or GOAL
A series of smaller obstacles
For internal quests, readers think about:
What is inside the character that gets in the way?
Internal flaws to fix or get around
Conflicts to overcome
Session 9:
Comparing
Themes in FANTASY & HISTORY
Connection
What were the themes in Home of the Brave and
Number the Stars?

Do they relate to The Thief of Always?
Teaching Point
Today, I want to teach you that knowledgeable readers assume that some themes are so important, so universal, that they appear in more than one book, and across history as well. Sophisticated readers, are alert for these themes and bring their knowledge of history to what they're reading to compare how these themes play out.
Common Universal Themes
Kids grow up fast in times of trouble.
Even ordinary people or minor characters can affect events.
Ordinary people can be capable of great courage.
When people band together they can build power to change.
Where there is power, there is also resistance.
Humans are capable of great evil to each other AND great goodness.
Session 10:

Using Information
to Better Understand Fantasy Stories

Connection
Jane Yolen and George R. R. Martin
both share how they use reference texts to help them write their fantasy novels.
Teaching Point
Just as writers of fantasy novels refer to nonfiction texts to develop their stories, READERS of fantasy can refer to nonfiction texts to better understand the world they are reading about.
Teaching: The Lion, The Witch and The Wardrobe
http://www.bbc.com/earth/story/20161005-beavers-are-back-in-the-uk-and-they-will-reshape-the-land
Active Engagement
http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/zimb/hd_zimb.htm

Session 12: Using Vocabulary Strategies t of Figure Out Unfamiliar Words
Connection
Kids using words like "spawn" because of Minecraft.
Session 14:
Investigating Symbolism
What is the first word you think of when you hear FANTASY?
Today what I want to teach you is that fantasy readers keep an eye out for repeated or highlighted images, objects, characters, or settings. When they see these things they pause ans ask: "Could this be a symbol of something else?" AND "How does this symbol connect to a possible theme for this story?"
Session 15:
Interpreting Allegories in Fantasy Stories
Today, I want to teach you that fantasy readers can gain new insights into the read world by finding, understanding, and interpreting the metaphors and allegories that exist in fantasy.
Session 16:
Pay Attention to How Cultures are Portrayed in Stories
Today I want to teach you that expert fantasy readers not only pay close attention to the cultures the stories they are reading come from, but they also pay attention to how other cultures are portrayed. They take note of how similar characters, settings, plotlines vary across fantasy stories from different cultures.
Try it with your own book club books.
Athletic
Video Games
Brave
Rude or Lack Manners
Dirt and Mud
Love BLUE
Beautiful
Love PINK
Spoiled
Feeble/Weak
Need saving/protection
Dainty
Drama
Full transcript