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Fantasy Unit

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on 8 June 2015

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Transcript of Fantasy Unit

Session 1
The World of The Story
Session 2
Learning alongside the main characters
Session 2.5
The complicated emotional lives of characters in fantasy.
Session 3
Plotlines and Problems Begin to Multiply
Fantasy Unit
Reasons to Read Fantasy
1. The stories are EXTRAORDINARY!

2. You are studying the human condition.

3. It is a powerful type of reading that you will
use with all genres and texts you read!
Teaching Point
Today we are going to learn to ask
"What kind of place is this?" and look for clues about the time period and magical elements to answer it. We will even use the covers, blurbs and details from the first chapter we read.
The Types of Fantasy Settings
Medieval Worlds:
swords, castles, dragons, horses, etc.
Ex: Lord of the Rings, Chronicles of Narnia

Futuristic Worlds:
spacecrafts, intergalactic travel, advanced technology
Ex: Star Wars

The Ordinary World:
blending of the wolrd we know with magical elements
Ex: Harry Potter
Fantasy Clips
Paper Bag Princess
Paper Bag Princess
Look carefully at the cover.
Look to see if there is a blurb.
Look carefully at the back cover.
Look to see if there is a blurb.
Look inside the story.
Look at the pictures and read the words on the first page.
Look carefully at the cover.
Look to see if there is a blurb.
Look carefully at the back cover.
Look to see if there is a blurb.
Look inside the story.
Look at the pictures and read the words on the first page.
Try this with
The Lightning Thief
The Lightning Thief Chapter 1:

Percy introduces himself.
Nancy Bobofit bullies Grover on the bus.
The students go to the Museum with Mr. Brunner.
The students eat lunch.
Nancy bullied Grover.
Percy pushes Nancy Bobofit into the fountain.
Mrs. Dodds tells Percy to come with her for punishment.
Percy and Mrs. Dodds enter the empty section of the museum.
Mrs. Dodds attacks Percy.
Mr. Brunner throw a magical pen to Percy.
Percy uses the pen as a sword to get rid of Mrs. Dodds.
Everyone acted like they didn't know who Mrs. Dodds was and said she never existed.
Storytime: Katnis, The Hunger Games.

A lot of stories begin with the character as an outsider. We learn about the new world and experiences at the same time the main character does.
When a character asks a question: PAY ATTENTION! You will be learning something too!
Ex: Harry Potter and Dumbledore
Today's Teaching Point
Today we are going to learn that complicated stories such as fantasy novels, main characters often begin without a lot of knowledge and they have a major learning curve.
New and unfamiliar events/settings teach the character and US!
When the character is told important information or ask questions about the experiences they are learning just like US!
Teaching: When your character is confused and so are you!!!
Most often in fantasy novels the
characters are outsiders
Harry doesn't know much magic or about Hogwarts
Lucy doesn't know much at the beginning about Narnia
Wiglaf doesn't know much about the Dragon Slayer's Academy
Percy doesn't know why he is so much different than the other students

Characters go to new places as they embark on

Try not to get frustrated because you don't know what is going on but recognize your confusion and be EXTRA ALERT to moments when the character asks questions.
Here is an example of how to learn
alongside a character!
The Lightning Thief Chapter 2:
Percy gets expelled form Yancy (with a term left).
Percy goes to Mr. Brunner for help and overhears a conversation about "The Mist" and a "Kindly One."
Mr. Brunner tells Percy he's "not normal."
Percy returns to city by bus with Grover.
He and Grover see three old ladies with yarn, and one cuts a thread.
Read from Chapter 2 of
The Lightning Thief
Mrs. Dougherty's Notes on Chapter 2
"Kindly one" in school... is that Mrs. Dodds??
Percy is in danger and there is deadline of the Summer Solstice.
He's "ignorant"
"Mist" convinces people they haven't seen certain things
Grover feels he failed when he did not see Mrs. Dodds for what she was
Try it together with Chapter 4 of The Lightning Thief
Be on the lookout for these
you to
The character asks:
Direct Questions
The character receives an
The character has an

Chapter 3: Grover Unexpectedly Loses
His Pants
Percy comes home to his Mom's apartment and Gabe is there and is mean.
His mom took him to Montauk for the weekend.
It started to storm really badly.
Grover shows up at their door. Grover has no pants on and shows he has sheep legs.
Mom says get in the car.
Class Notes from Percy's learning
The myths that Mr. Brunner taught may not be tales
There were things trying to hurt Percy such as Mrs. Dodds and the three old ladies.
Grover is a satyr which is a half person, half goat.
Satyr's job is to protect someone.
Grover and Sally know of each other.
Human nature involves complex emotions!
Ex:) A day in Mrs. Dougherty's life
Think of Rob and
Today's Teaching Point
Today we will learn that fantasy stories our characters experience more complex emotions than in other fiction.
Magic happens in unfamiliar settings causing complicated feelings and emotions of the characters.
Other characters may cause the conflict for the main character.
Forces of the magical realm exerted on the character

Causes of Emotional Conflicts
Example of Emotional
Conflicts in Percy's Life
Pages 53-56
Mrs. Dougherty's Notes
About Percy's Feelings
Percy is fearful as his mother is taken.
Angry that his Mom is being taken.
Powerful as he fights for his mother.
Desperation as his mother is gone.
Continue this work with the
beginning of Chapter 7
Problems! Problems! Problems!
Teaching Point
Today you will learn that in complicated stories there are multiple plotlines and problems.
Plotlines and Problems
Problems will be caused by other characters
All problems will not be resolved by the end of the story
Demonstration by:
The Chronicles of Narnia
Book Club
Use your researching lenses to
Session 4
Session 5
Carta Marina
Lenox Globe
Using your maps
In your book clubs, look at your maps and see if you can spot a sea monster, dragon or the phrase
Hic Sunt Dracones.
Teaching Point:
Today you will learn that characters face literal dragons as well as metaphorical dragons. The metaphorical dragons represent inner conflicts in the characters' lives.
Teaching Demonstration
How to find a
Characters Dragons
Ask: What might be the dragons for this character?
What haunts the character?
What obstacle does the character need to get past?
What drives the characters?
Look back on notes, charts, and timelines from the entire book.
Try this together
Read excerpt starting on 192 in
The Lightning Thief
stuck in a different world
broke the
she wants to
go back to the
"real" world
Diggory comes
to save her
There are only 2 rings so she touches a holder of the ring
It is your turn to try on your own!
They are able to go
to the other world
and see "perfect"
Using our pencils as we read...
Everyday we meet to discuss The Lightning Thief what do we do first?
Teaching Point
Today you will learn that experienced readers (like yourselves) have a repertoire of writing about reading strategies that you use when are supporting your reading work. One way to take it further is to share with each other the different things that we write about!
How to Write to Support Our Discussions
Share what we have written on our own
Decide what to create after reading and make it together
Informal publishing of notebook pages
Looking at Each Other's Work We Learned....
... add details from the text to make predictions, inferences, summaries
... add visualizations and captions in notebook
... record questions that have not been ansered
... record lists of important details (emotions, problems, settings)
...map out the quest of the character
To Hold Onto The Story
To Deepen Our Engagement...
graphic organizer
story arc
character traits
quick notes about each chapter

use thought prompts
draw pictures
describe lasting images
look for symbols
quote the main character
compare stories and characters
Continuing This Work
Stop and jot when...
... you finish a chapter
... after an exciting part
... when you are learning something knew
Keep it to a quick jotting be sure not to take too much time.
Watch how I try to determine the literal and metaphorical dragons in this story. Make sure that you look for my text based evidence!
My Hypothesis is that the dragon is the metaphorical and literal dragon....
But this dragon...
I actually believe that Prince Ronald is the real dragon because he is a problem she has to overcome when he says "Come back when you look like a real princess!" She just did a lot to rescue him and he is upset about how she appears! This is the real problem in the story, the dragon ended up only being literally a dragon in the tale.
Session 6:
What is this REALLY about?
Story about a friend who views series in terms of life lessons and themes not just what they are written as.
How to determine the themes and life lessons in a fantasy novel
Ask these questions:
What is this story beginning to be about?
Is the main character learning?
Is the main character teaching?
Am I learning?
Example of Percy Jackson

Think about the things that have happened in the story so far...

Percy's been fighting to figure out his powers but he doesn't even know how strong he can be yet, so he keeps testing himself.
What evidence is there?
If Percy learns all of this, what is he teaching?
What is he teaching me?
Let's Try it Together
Try this work with the Paper Bag Princess...
What is the story beginning to be about?
Session 7
There is no such thing as
good or evil
Professor Snape in Harry Potter...
... is a horrible teacher
... is incredibly cruel
... he taunts Harry
... he misjudges Harry
He also protects Harry at times.
He also tries to serve Dumbledore.
This shows that he is not ALL evil
or all good.
Teaching Point
Today, you will learn that as books become more
, the characters become more
We have to examine the entire Arc of the Story
All characters cannot be purely good or purely evil but they are nuanced.

We have to look deeply into the characters'"
Let's look at Poseidon
What do we know from Percy?
What do we know from Annabeth?
What do we know from Chiron?
Listen to excerpts.
You try...
Two options:
1. Look at your notes on your characters and see if you can examine them across the arc of the story
2. Examine Luke from the Lightning Thief looking closely at his transformation
Quest Structures, Archetypes and Thematic Patterns
Session 8
When Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince had a secret spilled...
Today you will learn that fantasy novels have certain characteristics or patterns in their structures and character roles.
Types of Heroes
Traditional Hero
Ex: Prince Caspian
Reluctant Hero or Everyday Hero - an ordinary person who finds him or herself swept away into great events
Ex: Percy, Harry, Jared, Joe, and Arthur
Antihero - a character with several non-heroic traits
Ex: Snape
Other Character Types
Companions - people that accompany the hero on his or her quest
Example: Annabeth and Grover
Consorts - love interest of the companion
Example: Arthur's consort is Susie
Mentor - the person who teaches the hero or helps prepare them
Example: Chiron
Villain - often is disguised and is against the hero
Example: Hades the god of the Underworld
Connection (8.5)
Tell about students who are reading different books but have a similar pattern!
Teaching Point
Today you will learn that there are patterns to the types of quests in fantasy novels as well as themes!
Quest Structures
Quests are given to heroes to journey to achieve something.
Some of the types of quests a hero can take are:
Rescuing a Captive or Sacred Object
Example: Shrek
Destroy a Villain or a Dangerous Object
Example: Harry Potter, The Lightning Thief
To escape or journey out of another world or place
Example: Chronicles of Narnia
Theme Patterns
Almost always about the struggle between good and evil. In the end good always wins!

A common theme: Characters overcome internal struggles and choose actions that are for the good of others in order for good to triumph for all.
(This involves self-sacrifice!)
Session 9
Reading Across Texts with Critical Lenses
I LOVVVEEEE the characters in The Lightning Thief.
Teaching Point
Today you will learn that you can analyze a story by looking at it through critical lenses for stereotypes and gender norms or rules.
A stereotype is the way that society views or expects people to act or look.

How are the princesses from Disney creating a stereotype?

Stereotypes can really be damaging because they tell us things that are not always true.
Analyze Stereotypes
We can analyze stereotypes by looking at appearances of characters.

We can analyze stereotypes by looking at how the character acts.

List Stereotypes and Gender Norms We Know that Exist...


Apply It...
How do Percy and Annabeth follow and break stereotypes and gender norms?
Ask yourself...
How does this character
Obstacle Patterns
Physical Tests
Tests strength
Mental Tests
Tests intellect
Moral Tests
Tests character
Try with The Paper Bag Princess
How was she tested physically?

How was she tested intellectually or mentally?

How was her character tests?
Session 10
Making Plans for What is Next....

Today we are going to review all that we learned during this unit with our ipads and our study guides.
Project Directions
1. Log into Prezi
user name: mrs.doughertyprezi@gmail.com
password: prezi123
2. Click add new project
3. Choose a template
4. Title your project with your name
Ex: Mrs. Dougherty's Fantasy Project
5. Begin working on your prezi

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Click on the drop down menu
select the frame size
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Click where you would like the text
Select the type of text you want "Title, Subtitle or Body"
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