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Lev Vygotsky - Educ 350
Transcript of Lev Vygotsky - Educ 350
When children interact with a person who is more knowledgable they acquire the ways of thinking and behaving that make up that culture
a child's thought and behavior will constantly be changing through social interaction
development depends upon interaction with others and a child's view of the world is formed by the culture that he/she is apart of Two Elements of the Sociocultural Theory 1. Private Speech: when children speak to themselves if a task becomes too hard as a way of guiding their thoughts. (This can/does continue in later years but at lower volumes) 4 Basic Principles of the Sociocultural Theory 1. Children construct their knowledge
2. Development can not be separated from its social context
3. Learning can lead development
4. Language plays a central role in metal development ZPD For this theory to work, it must contain two features:
1. Subjectivity: where two individuals begin a task and through different understandings eventually arrive at the same shared understanding
2. Scaffolding: a change in the social support over the course of a teaching session (success in scaffolding leads to increased performance)
This theory also has implications for assessment: each child's ZPD is different and it is crucial for identifying when each child is ready to benefit from certain levels of instruction All above information from : http://www.muskingum.edu/~psych/psycweb/history/vygotsky.htm Earned his law degree of Moscow University in 1917 and became a teacher. Began working with Alexander Luria and Alexie Leontiev is 1924 as a psychologist. Born in Western Russia (Orsha), 1896 Best known for being an Educational psychologist, and for his sociocultural theory He was constantly criticized by the Communist party who also discredited his work. Died from tuberculosis at 38 years old, 1938. The government repudiated his ideas after he died, but his students kept his theories alive and brought them back after the Cold War ended. images?q=tbn:ANd9GcT0I6_AYWNZYIzzZeZV9eru4qrR5IvA9fqIjmG-F_QskYMsSOmZ 3 Ways to Pass on Culture
1. imitative learning: one person tries to copy another
2. instructed learning: remembering instructions from teacher and using the instructions to self-regulate
3. collaborative learning: a group of peers strive to understand one another and cooperate to learn specific skills 2. Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD): when a child accomplishes a task they cannot do alone with the help of another more skilled person (leads to further socialization and cognitive development) Info in this circle is from: http://www.muskingum.edu/~psych/psycweb/history/vygotsky.htm Info in this circle is from : http://www.muskingum.edu/~psych/psycweb/history/vygotsky.htm Info in this circle is from : http://www.muskingum.edu/~psych/psycweb/history/vygotsky.htm Info in this circle is from : http://www.muskingum.edu/~psych/psycweb/history/vygotsky.htm More Knowledgeable Other Vygotsky also had an MKO in his theory. He said the MKO is anyone in a given task who has more understanding or a higher ability to complete the task than the learner.
A teacher would be considered an MKO. Applying this Theory to the Classroom Students play an active role in learning in Vygotsky's theory. It is not merely the teacher standing up to lecture, but rather the students are engaged in activities. For the student and teacher, learning becomes a two way experience. Info from: http://www.learning-theories.com/vygotskys-social-learning-theory.html Vygotsky's ZPD also helps teachers recognize what level their students are at and understand that not all students progress at the same rate. As teacher's we can use his theory to make our classroom a student friendly environment and help us be successful in creating goal-oriented students. The End!