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Racial Profiling

World Issues Seminar

Isabelle Miller

on 19 June 2013

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Transcript of Racial Profiling

Racial Profiling
Isabelle Miller
2013 05 30

Police Forces
Role of the Media
What is "Race"?
Human Rights
International Racial Profiling
Many police officers are afraid to make arrests and use force because if it's against a visible minority, racial profiling could be used against them.
In areas of
International Transportation
All other forms of security measures have been unsuccessful.
The media depicts many police officers in a negative light. They will create lies
at any cost - just as long as there is a story
to tell.
Race is not connected to genes whatsoever.
It is simply something in this age that humans classify by skin colour.
The UN General Assembly created the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) for all people and all nations in 1948.
Iran: feels upset with America because they feel they are being used for energy sources. America only wants to protect Iran with military because it's their investment.

Continent of Asia: sees Americans in negative light.
Racial Profiling
The Ontario Human Rights Commission defined racial profiling as
“…any action undertaken for reasons of safety, security or public protection, that relies on
about race, colour, ethnicity, ancestry, religion, or place of origin, or a combination of these, rather than on a reasonable suspicion, to
single out
an individual for greater scrutiny or different treatment."
(n.d.). Racial profiling: Face the truth. Retrieved from Rights Working Group website: http://www.rightsworkinggroup.org/content/racial-profiling-face-truth-0
What is it?
Why is it an issue?
Minority groups such as

have been unjustly accused of
crimes they have not committed
. They are
before people know the individual. People are judging the book by its cover.
Rice, R. (2010). Racial profiling problem does not exist. Retrieved from American Police Beat website: http://www.apbweb.com/opinioneditorial-frompages-menu-31/89-racial-profiling-problem-does-not-exist.html
In some events where force has not been utilized, officers are killed.
The police's duty is to serve and protect the public.
Criminals still come in all shapes, sizes, and colours.

1. Does racial profiling occur outside of government authority?

2. What are human rights?

3. Has racial profiling become more of an apparent issue in today’s society? If you think yes, explain some reasons why this might be.

4. Can you think of any major events where racial profiling originated from? (ie. slavery in America)

5. Why do some people see racial profiling as acceptable?

6. If you were put in charge of making a more peaceful society in your own community, how would you go about it?

7. What is your opinion on racial profiling?
(n.d.). Ethnic profiling is a just means of preventing terrorism. Retrieved from Idea Securing Liberty website: http://securingliberty.idebate.org/arguments/profiling
If a witness to a crime reports the criminal's description, the same should be applied to terrorism.
Number of police recruits has dropped dramatically: usually 70-100/per class, but in 2001 (LA) there were 19.
Stop at
3:30 min.
Stop at
1:35 min.
Rice, R. (2010).
(n.d.). Ethnic profiling is a just means of preventing terrorism.
"Despite anomalies, the majority of terrorist organizations threatening us today are based on a form of Islamic ideology that is mostly prevalent in the Middle East and South-East Asia."
Rice, R. (2010).
What do the following images make
you think of?
Fuentes, A. (2012, April 9). Race is real…but not in the way many people think. Retrieved from Psychology Today website: http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/busting-myths-about-human-nature/201204/race-is-real-not-in-the-way-many-people-think
What do YOU
think race is?
Fuentes, A. (2012, April 9).
Race is actually the division of culture, values,
beliefs, religion, language, etc.
What do you think race
will be defined as in 100 years?
(2013). Human rights basics. Retrieved from Amnesty International website: http://www.amnestyusa.org/research/human-rights-basics/universal-declaration-of-human-rights
(2013). Human rights basics.
Strives for the equality of all in every nation.
Everyone in the world has a right to this equality.
2. Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status. Furthermore, no distinction shall be made on the basis of the political, jurisdictional or international status of the country or territory to which a person belongs, whether it be independent, trust, non-self-governing or under any other limitation of sovereignty.
Discussion Questions
Your name doesn't make you a criminal, so why should skin colour?
Kull, S. (2007, March 12). How muslims and americans view each other. Retrieved from World Public Opinion.Org: Giving Voice to Public Opinion Around the World website: http://www.worldpublicopinion.org/pipa/articles/views_on_countriesregions_bt/330.php
Kull, S. (2007, March 12).
- Use of torture (ie. Guantánamo Bay)

- Islamic people feel completely ignored
(further causes unhealthy relationships)

- American's don't know how much they impact the rest of the world. They do things that benefit them, but little or no consideration is given to those on the other end
Myers, J. (2012, October 10). Public affairs: America in the 21st century: A view from asia. Retrieved from Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs website: https://www.carnegiecouncil.org/studio/multimedia/20121010b/index.html
Myers, J. (2012, October 10).
(2013, May 23). Shooting of trayvon martin. Retrieved from Wikipedia website: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shooting_of_Trayvon_Martin
Wikipedia (2013, May 23).
Trayvon Martin was a 17 year old
black male who was shot to death
by George Zimmerman, a multi-
racial hispanic American, Feb. 26th, 2012.

Zimmerman claimed it was self-defense, but there was much controversy and accusation of
racial profiling.
Zimmerman reported a "strange", suspicious
looking boy wearing a hoodie looking in to others homes. Zimmerman happened to be another American with a gun on hand...
Smith, C. C. Racial profiling facts sheet series. African Canadian Community Coalition on Racial Profiling, 1-23. Retrieved from http://www.crr.ca/divers-files/en/onGoing/racProf/rep/eRacProfRepRacProfFctSh.pdf
Another Example
Harvard University professor, Henry Louis Gates
You have just been arrested in your own home for breaking and entering.

What would your reaction be if you were just arrested in your own home?

Would your skin colour matter?
Same Species
All Human Beings: have eyes,
mouth, nose...
We all live on this earth together
Quick Facts/Statistics
on Racial Profiling
(Smith, 2013)
• 28.1% of African Canadians reported being stopped by police, compared to 18.2% whites and 14.6% Chinese
• 11.7% African Canadians reported being stopped by police “unfairly” in the previous two years, compared to 2.1% whites and 2.2% Chinese
• 42.7% African Canadian males reported being stopped by police in the previous two years, compared to
22.1% whites and Asians
• 60% of police Chiefs said that racial profiling (or `bias-based policing’) did not happen in their jurisdiction, while 72% of Blacks 18-34 felt that they had been stopped because of their race
Rushing, K. (2013, January 3). Dissecting the long, deep roots of racial profiling in america. Retrieved from Black Voices Canada website: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/keith-rushing/dissecting-racial-profiling_b_2740246.html
Roots of Racial Profiling
(Rushing, 2013)
In 1704, slavery was very common in the United States (especially in South Carolina with the plantations)
Black slaves were always associated with being a lower class of human.
About 150 years later, black people are still connected with criminal activity and wrong-doing. Even when they were enslaved, these were stereotypes and not true at all.
It was not their choice to be enslaved after all.
(2013, May 29). Guantanamo bay detention camp. Retrieved from Wikipedia website: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guantanamo_Bay_detention_camp
(Guantanamo bay detention camp, 2013)
(ie. John Smith: good men
vs. criminals)
(n.d.). What is racial profiling? (fact sheet). Retrieved from Ontario Human Rights Commission website: http://www.ohrc.on.ca/en/what-racial-profiling-fact-sheet
Full transcript