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Sistine Chapel and Michelangelo
Transcript of Sistine Chapel and Michelangelo
Giovanni de' Dolci.
Pope Sixtus IV decided to have a large
room built where a medieval fortified hall
called the "Cappella Magna" once stood.
The Sistine Chapel was also to serve
as a defense against the Medici family, the
rulers of Florence, and Muhammad II's
Turks who were threatening Italy's
The construction of the Sistine Chapel
began in 1475 and was completed in 1483.
On August 15th the Chapel was dedicated
to Our Lady of the Assumption. Architecture of the Sistine Chapel Rectangular, 41 meters long and 13 meters wide.
Made of ordinary bricks with a 20 meter high barrel-shaped roof.
There are 12 large arched windows, 6 on each of the long walls. Architecture of the Sistine Chapel continued The 12 windows are made of stained-glass and were given by Prince Regent Leopold of Bavaria in 1911.
The chapel is divided into two parts by a marble fence called a transenna. The section facing the altar is reserved for priests. Artwork of the Sistine Chapel The walls of the Sistine Chapel have 3 rings of decoration:
The floor level contains tapestries designed by Raphael
The middle of the walls contain frescoes with scenes from the lives of Moses and Jesus.
At the top of the walls, around the windows, are images of popes. Tapestries When Sixtus IV commissioned the Chapel he had the lower walls painted to look like they contained real tapestries.
When Leo X took over he had the walls covered in real tapestries, designed by Raphael.
The tapestries depict scenes from the gospels and the Acts Frescoes Fresco: a very durable method of wall-painting using watercolours on wet plaster
The frescoes on the left side of the chapel depict scenes from the life of Moses, those on the right side depict scenes from the life of Jesus.
The frescoes depict Moses and Jesus to show the continuity between Moses' law and Jesus' teachings, the old and new covenants. The Last Judgment Almost the entirety of the back wall of the chapel is taken up by this Fresco painted by Michelangelo.
This fresco depicts many figures and scenes associated with the judgment and afterlife including;
Christ deciding the destiny of the human race.
The dead being awakened by angels trumpets
Several saints including St Lawrence, St Bartholomew, St Andrew, and St John the Baptist.
The boatman Charon ferrying the damned into hell. Baigio da Cesena A papel master of ceremonies named Baigio da Cesena said that Michelangelo's work did not belong in such a sacred place because it contained nude figures and suggested the paintings would be more at home in a tavern.
Michelangelo painted da Cesena into "The Last Judgment" as Minos, one of the three judges of the underworld. Baigio complained to the Pope who replied that he had no jurisdicton over hell and the potrait would remain. Michelangelo Early Life of Michelangelo -Born in the year 1475 in Caprese, Italy as the second son to the Buonarroti family ultimately including 5 boys.
-Michelangelo's mother died when he was six years old
-Seven years later at the age of thirteen, Michelangelo chose to pursue a career as an artist. He then began working as an apprentice to painter, Domenico Ghirlandaio.
-Shortly following his apprenticeship, Michelangelo came to live with Lorenzo the Magnificent a prominent member of the Medici family. There he studied classical sculpture firsthand from 1489-1492
The Human Form -Michelangelo developed a fascination with anatomy during his studies at the Medici Palace.
- He was permitted by the Catholic Church to study human cadavers to further his research of human anatomy.
-This research created in the artist an extensive knowledge of the human body, which was valuable in various mediums of art.
-Michelangelo's special interest in the human form is evident in his style of sculpture and painting. The Human Form Sculpting -The original medium of choice for
Michelangelo was sculpture of stone
-Michelangelo always began with a single piece of stone which he gradually chipped away at with a hammer and a chisel until his vision emerged.
~His first widely regarded works: "The Battle of The Centaurs" and "Madonna of The Stairs" were both relief sculptures and completed at the age of sixteen.
Michelangelo's, Battle of The Centaurs David Many works were commissioned of Michelangelo but none so famous as David.
Standing 14 feet tall this marble sculpture was commissioned by Florence officials.
David was completed after a little over three years in 1504 and placed in the Piazza della Signoria before being moved in 1873 to the Academia Gallery, Florence to protect it.
Michelangelo: The Painter Painted works from Michelangelo are clearly not as abundant as his sculpted. The paintings that were completed are largely biblical.
Most all paintings done by Michelangelo exist within the frescoes of the Sistine Chapel, painted by him late in his career.
These include The Creation of Adam and nine scenes from the Book of Genesis.
Personal Life Michelangelo remained single his entire life. Though relationships are apparent through his brief poetry
-Over 300 poems and sonnets were written to a woman by the name of Vittoria Colonna until her death. Their relationship however is believed to have been one of a loving friendship.
-Another relationship was struck up with a young man, Tommaso de'Cavalieri whom with which Michelangelo would compose poetry for as well as receive back. In one return letter Cavalieri wrote "Never have I loved a man more than I love you" The exact nature of their relationship however is debated. Last days Following a brief fever Michelangelo died on February 18th, 1564 at the age of 88 leaving behind an incomparable legacy.
-His will was comprised of just three simple sentences, part of which he stated that we would leave "his soul to God, his body to the earth, and his material possessions to his nearest relations."
-Michelangelo's body was returned to Florence and placed in the Basilica di Santa Croce.