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Logical Fallacies- The Crucible
Shae Olsenon 14 November 2012
Transcript of Logical Fallacies- The Crucible
But what does it mean?!
An argument attacking the opponents characteristics
rather than their views. This is a perfect example of ad hominem because the man supports the views of the president, but doesn't like that he's the one who wrote the bill. Real life examples: ACT 3 Examples from the Crucible The boss in the cartoon makes it seem as though if he accepts any proposal many things will happen and they will all eventually lead to his starvation. Real life examples What does it mean?
A first act, step or even that happens that
"makes" a chain of events happen. These
events add up to a significant ending. Examples from the Crucible ACT 1- PG 10
Abigail: We did dance uncle, and when you leaped out of the bushes so suddenly, Betty was frightened and then she fainted. There's the whole of it.
Abigail: But we never conjured spirits.
Parris: Then why can she not move herself since midnight?
Parris assumes because he caught the girls in the bushes that they conjured spirit eventually leading to Bettys' paralysis. Examples cont. ACT ALL- PG 10:
Through out: DANCING.
Since the girls have been caught dancing, they have been possessed. ACT 1- PG 42-44
Abigail: I hear her singing her Barbados songs and tempting me with..
Tituba: Mr. Reverend, I never.
Hale: Tituba, I want you to wake this child.
Tituba: I have no power on this child, sir. Because of the Barbados songs the kids have become possessed, no one can wake them and Tituba has the power to wake them. Parris: Such a Christian that will not come to church but once a month!
Danforth: Not come to church?
Proctor: I-I have no love for Mr. Parris. It is no secret. But God I surely love.
Cheever: He plow on Sunday, sir.
Danforth: Plow on Sunday! The ad hominem in this example is that Cheever mentions he plows on Sunday, making his claim less credible even though it is off the subject and only has to do with Proctor's beliefs. Example 2 Act 3 Proctor: But if she say she is pregnant, then she must be! that woman will never lie, Mr. Danforth.
Danforth: She will not?
Proctor: Never, sir, never.
Danforth: ... Will you drop this charge?
Proctor: I-I think I cannot.
Danforth: Then your purpose is somewhat larger.
Parris: HE's come to overthrow this court, Your Honor! Parris attempts to make Proctor seem less credible by claiming he wants to overthrow the court because he will not drop the charges. Final Example Act 3 Abigail: Oh, Heavenly Father, take away this shadow!
Proctor attacks Abigail
Proctor: How do you call Heaven! Whore! Whore!
Proctor believes Abigail is pretending to be bewitched, and claims she is a whore in support of this.