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Chapter 7 Geography and Early Settlement of Egypt, Kush, and Canaan
Transcript of Chapter 7 Geography and Early Settlement of Egypt, Kush, and Canaan
Egyptians settled along the Nile River, in the northeast corner of Africa. Their civilization lasted from 3100 to 350
The Kushites settled to the south of Egypt, along the southern part of the Nile. Their civilization began around 2000 and lasted until 350
The Hebrews settled northeast of Egypt, in Canaan, in about 1800 Over time, they developed a unique civilization that thrived until their capital was destroyed in 70
7.2 Environmental Factors and Early
was the most important environmental factor in early human settlement. water was important for many reasons. People need fresh drinking water to live. They also need to bathe and wash things in fresh water. Bathing and washing help to prevent disease. Water is also a source of food. People catch the fish that live in rivers, lakes, and seas. They also hunt water birds that gather near water. In addition, farmers need water to grow crops.
was the second environmental factor. Topography refers to the shape of the land. It includes features like mountains, hills, plains, and deserts. Farmers usually settled in flat, open areas such as plains and valleys. Large, flat spaces gave them room to grow crops.
A third environmental factor was
, or plant life. There are many kinds of vegetation, such as trees, bushes, flowers, grass, and reeds. The crops people grow are also a type of vegetation. Many physical features affect vegetation. Mild weather, regular rain, and fresh water are good for plant life. The vegetation influenced early human settlement in several ways. Most important, plants were a source of food. People ate both wild plants and crops they had planted. People learned to make many useful products out of plants, including medicine, baskets, rope, tools, and even paper. Trees provided shade from the hot sun. And plants and flowers helped to make a place beautiful.
7.3 Environmental Factors and the Early Settlement of Egypt and Kush
The most important
in ancient Egypt and Kush was the Nile River. Flowing north from deep in Africa, the Nile created a long, fertile valley that ended in a marshy delta by the Mediterranean Sea. The Nile River valley was surrounded by the Libyan Destert, the Arabian Desert, and the Nubian Desert. They formed a natural barrier that helped protect people living in the Nile River valley. The deserts did not support large settlements, and few invaders wanted to cross them. On the north Egypt was bordered by the Mediterranean Sea.
in ancient Egypt and Kush favored settlement near the Nile River. Most important, the Nile River was a sorce of fresh water in an area that was mostly desert. Useful plants included reeds and a tough water plant called papyrus.
most people farmed the fertile land, few herders
7.4 Environmental Factors and the Early Settlement of Canaan
included plains and valleys, hills and mountains, deserts, and bodies of water. The Jordan River flowed down from a mountain range through the middle of Canaan.
herded more than farmed
The wet, fertile plains near the Mediterranean Sea were farmed in very ancient times. The Mediterranean Sea also allowed traders from many lands to visit Canaan. The Sea of Galilee was actually a freshwater lake. It had plenty of fish, and Dead Sea was so salty that nothing grew in it, not even plants. The area near the Dead Sea was hot, dry, and not very good for farming.
The surface features of a place or region
The plants of a place or region
An area of sediment deposited at the mouth of a river
The process of adding fertilizer, or plant food, to soil
A tough water plant used to make paper and rope in ancient times
A person who moves from place to place with no permanent home
Nile River & delta
protection from desert
River Jordan, Sea of Galilee, Dead Sea